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Since its enactment in 2000 the WaterFrameworkDirective (WFD) has attracted wide scholarly attention ( Boeuf, Fritsch 2016 , Newig et al. 2016 ). Water governance is one of the most widely discussed topics in transboundary environmental governance literature with studies on river basin governance taking centre stage (e.g. Dore et al. 2012 , Jager 2016 ). This is related to the fact that the EU member states were required to produce water management plans for the first implementation cycle of 2009–2015. This obligation has been regarded as a
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