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References Blau, P.M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life (p. 101, p. 2). New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. Bradbury, S., Kay, T. (2008). Stepping into community? The impact of youth sport volunteering on young people' s social capital. In Sport as social capital, M. Nicholson, R. Hoye (Eds.). UK, USA: Elsevier. Breuer, C. (2007). Sportentwicklungsbericht 2005/2006 - Analyse Zur Situation Der Sportvereine In Deutschland. Bonn: Bundeninstitut Für Sportwisssenschaft. Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, (2005). Freiwilliges


Education (good teachers and good schools) is crucial for the successful integration of vulnerable groups in the society. Multicultural diversity presents an opportunity to make schools more inclusive, creative and open-minded. Although there are different projects and activities for Roma inclusion in schools, the number of Roma children attending formal education is still very low. Without having attended formal education, the chances for social exclusion are high and minimal for leading a self-defined life. To increase the rate of school registration and the rate for completion, long-term policy interventions and financial support from international donations are needed. This paper aims to analyze the general situation of Roma children and youth the age of pre-school education, primary and secondary education, as well as the engagement of youth in volunteering activities as a significant role in the inclusion of Roma children in schools. Engagement in volunteering activities can help young people to be more integrated into society, as through volunteering they gain valuable experiences, new skills, and competencies that can improve their employability possibilities and enhance their attitudes towards citizenship.

INTRODUCTION Volunteering is a social phenomenon that enjoys a vibrant development. Having shifted from self-organized initiatives of citizens to organized activities, volunteering work became a matter of interest for the biggest players in international politics. At the end of 2012, the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution on integrating volunteering in the next decade (UN Resolution, 2013). It outlines the range of problems that the international community can address through the volunteer movement as a strategic tool: overcoming social exclusion and

References [1] Alexander, Z. (2012). The impact of a volunteer tourism experience, in South Africa, on the tourist: The influence of age, gender, project type and length of stay. Tourism Management Perspectives 4, 119–126. [2] Bailey, A. W., & Fernando, I. K. (2011). Decoding the Voluntourism Process: A Case Study of the Pay it Forward Tour. Journal of Experiential Education , 33 (4), 406–410. [3] Birdwell, J. (2011). “This is the big society without borders…”: Service International . London: Demos. [4] Brown, S

References Andreu, Luisa, Kozac, Metin, Avci, Nilgun, Cifter, Nurten. 2005. Market Segmentation by Motivations to Travel: British Tourists Visiting Turkey. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing 19(1): 1–14. Ashley, Caroline, Roe, Dilys, Goodwin, Harold. 2001. Pro-Poor Tourism Strategies: Making Tourism Work for the Poor . Pro-Poor Tourism Report No. 1. Nottingham: Overseas Development Institute. Barron, Paul, Knoll, Amanda. 2009. Towards an Understanding of Volunteer Motivations: A Case Study of Volunteers at Edinburgh’s Fringe Sunday. In: J. Allen (ed

.G., (2005), Community volunteers: The front line of disaster response, The International Journal of Volunteer Administration, Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 52-56. Chappell, W.F., Forgette, R.G., Swanson, D.A., Van Boening, M.V., (2007), Determinants of government aid to Katrina survivors: Evidence from survey data, Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 344-362. Colten, C.E., Kates, R.W., Laska, S.B., (2008), Community resilience: Lessons from New Orleans and hurricane Katrina, Community and Regional Resilience Initiative Research Report 3. Congleton, R.D., (2006), The

. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998; 42:332-8. 5. Hsu A, Granneman GR, Cao G, Carothers L, Japour A, El-Shourbagy T, et al. Pharmacokinetic interaction between ritonavir and indinavir in healthy volunteers. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998; 42:2784-91. 6. The United States Pharmacopoeial Convention, Inc. The United States Pharmacopeia 26 / National Formulary 21. Rockville, USA; 2003. 7. Drug Control Division. Thailand Guidelines for the Conduct of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies. Bangkok, Thailand: Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Public Health; 2000. 8

2011; 65 (5): 283-92. 5. Leung SY, Niimi A, Williams AS, Nath P, Blanc FX, Dinh QT, Chung KF. Inhibition of citric acid- and capsaicininduced cough by novelTRPV-1 antagonist, V112220, in guinea-pig. Cough 2007; 3: 10. 6. Birrel MA, Belvisi MG, Grace M, Sadofsky L, Farugi S, Hele DJ, Maher SA, Freund-Michel V, Morice AH. TRPA1 agonists evoke coughing in guinea-pig and human volunteers. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2009; 180 (11): 1042-47. 7. Taylor-Clark TE, Nassenstein C, McAlexander MA, Undem BJ. TRPA1: a potential target for antitussive therapy. Pulm Pharmacol Ther

Spraw Publicznych, Warszawa. 4. Centrum Wolontariatu (2014), Motywowanie, (20.05.2014 - access date). 5. Chimiak G. (2006), How indyvidualists make solidarity work, MPiPS, Warszawa. 6. Czerska M. (2002), Motywacja, in: A. Czermiński, M. Czerska, B. Nogalski, R. Rutka, J. Apanowicz, Zarządzanie organizacjami, TNOiK „Dom Organizatora”, Toruń. 7. Eurobarometer (2011), Volunteering and Intergenerational Solidarity. Report, Brussel, http

wielopokoleniowe wyzwaniem dla współczesnego organizatora pracy w warunkach nowej gospodarki, Zeszyty Naukowe uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego Nr 763, Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług, No. 105. 9. Dąbrowska J., Gumkowska M. (2002), Wolontariat i filantropia w Polsce – raport z badań , Stowarzyszenie Klon/Jawor, Warszawa. 10. Finkelstein M.A. (2010), Individualism/collectivism: Implications for the volunteer process, „Social Behavior and Personality”, Vol. 38(4). 11. Garver M.S., Divine R.L., Spralls S.A. (2009), Segmentation analysis of the volunteering preferences of university