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Izabela Rutkowska, Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Jolanta Marszałek, Kalina Kaźmierska-Kowalewska and Krzysztof Koc
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Brambring M. Divergent development of manual skills in children who are blind or sighted. J VisualImpair Blin , 2007; 101(4): 212-225
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Hyginius C. Okonkwo, Mary G. Fajonyomi, Joshua A. Omotosho, Mary O. Esere and Bolanle O. Olawuyi
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Federal Ministry of
1. Aleksandra Grbovic and Bojan Jorgic “Motor abilities of children with different levels of visual acuity”, Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport , 15 (1) (2017): 175-184.
2. Deborah Chen, ed. Essential elements in early intervention . Visualimpairment and multiple disabilities, New York (NY): AFB Press, 2014
3. Goran Kasum: Sports of disabled persons . Belgrade: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, 2015
4. Jeanette Kallstrand-Eriksson, Amir Baigi, Nina Buer, Cathrine Hilding “Perceived vision
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body is unable to utilize insulin, resulting in hyperglycemia. 1 Prevalence of diabetes Indonesia (20-79 years) shows 12 million at 2010. Estimates of diabetes in Indonesia increasing become 12 million in 2030. 2 Diabetes can lead to complications of stroke, coronary heart disease, arterial disease, foot ulcer, visualimpairment, and amputation. 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
One of the complications that affect the quality of life is foot
Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Andrzej Kosmol, Krzysztof Perkowski, Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Waldemar Skowroński, Miguel Angel Gomez, Krzysztof Koc, Izabela Rutkowska and Robert J Szyman
Aydoğ E, Aydoğ ST, Cakci A, Doral MN. Dynamic postural stability in blind athletes using the biodex stability system. Int J Sports Med, 2005; 27: 415-418
Bowerman S, Davis R, Ford S, Nichols D. Phases of Movement of Goalball Throw Related to Ball Velocity. Insight, 2011; 4: 153-159
Calıskan E, Pehlivan A, Erzeybek MS, Kayapınar FC, Agopyan A, Yuksel S, Dane S. Body mass index and percent body fat in goalball and movement education in male and female children with severe visualimpairment. Neurol Psychiat Br, 2011; 17: 39
Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Izabela Rutkowska and Waldemar Skowroński
Introduction. The increased level in competition and growing interest in sports for the disabled means that the training process of these people is the subject of studies and analysis. The main objective of this study was to identify the structure of the training loads in athletes with visual impairments in the 800 and 1500 m runs, in relation to sports performance. Material and methods. Seven annual trainings cycles of two groups (A, n=8, B, n=5) of athletes with visual impairments (medalists and participants of the Paralympic Games, World Championships, European Championships and multiple Polish masters), engaged in the 800 and 1500 m races, from the years 1998-2000 and 2003-2008 were evaluated. To analyze and evaluate the training loads, based on training logs two methods were used: Method I - based on an analysis of training documentation developed in the Department of Theory of Sport at the University of Physical Education in Warsaw. Method II - based on an assessment of the energy cost incurred for the implementation of training. Results. The analysis showed significant differences in the training process of the athletes of the two groups. The training of athletes from group A, was carried out mainly with the directed training method (61% of total load - TL) with low intensity - range 1 on a 5 point scale (74% TL), while group B - with special training method (76% TL) in second (2) range of intensity (71% TL). Conclusions. Training carried out by athletes from group B better reflects the specifications of middle distance runs, in comparison with group A, which could lead to a higher level of performance presented by the athletes of group B.
Mariola Jureczko, Paweł Jureczko and Mateusz Krzysztofik
The main aim of the pilot study was to evaluate the relationship between degree of visual impairment of patient and his postural stability. The article contains basic explanation and requirements for stabilography research. The paper also describes statistic analysis of influence of visual impairment on postural stability opposed to control group (people perfectly sighted). These results allowed us to verify the approved research plan.
Working-Age Adults with VisualImpairments in New Zealand. In Journal of VisualImpairment & Blindness, 98(9), (pp. 546-559). Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ735502.pdf
20. Lionarakis, A. (2004). Open and distance education and learning processes, in Open and Distance Education: Pedagogical and technological applications. Retrieved from http://class.eap.gr
21. Lionarakis, A. and Likourgiotis, A. (1998). Open systems of higher education. In A. Kokkos, A. Lionarakis & C. Matralis (eds.), Open and distance learning. Institutions and
Langelaan, M., de Boer, M.R., van Nispen, R.M.A., et. al. (2007). Impact of visualimpairment on quality of life: a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions. In M. Langelaan (Ed.), Quality of Life of Visually Impaired Working Age Adults (pp. 105-124). The Netherlands: Print Partners.
Langelaan, M., van Nispen, R.M.A., Knol, D.L., et.al. (2007). Visual Functioning Questionnaire: Re-evaluation of psychometric properties for a group of working age adults. In M. Langelaan (Ed.), Quality of Life of Visually