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The effectiveness of thermotherapy in the elimination of Varroa destructor

): Studies on the behaviour of the honey-bee mite Varroa jacobsoni in a temperature gradient. - Journal of Applied Entomology 107: 46-51. Rosenkranz P. (1987): Temperature treatment of sealed worker brood as a method of controlling Varroatosis. - Apidologie 18(4): 385-388. Rosenkranz P., Aumeier P. & Ziegelmann B. (2010): Biology and control of Varroa destructor. - Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 103: 96-119. Rosenkranz P. & Engel s W. (1994): Infertility of Varroa jacobsoni females after invasion into Apis mellifera worker

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The antioxidant defense system of Varroa destructor mites facilitates the infestation of Apis mellifera

References Farjan, M., Łopieńska-Biernat, E., Lipiński, Z., Dmitryjuk, M., & Żółtowska K. (2014). Supplementing with vitamin C the diet of honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica) parasitized with Varroa destructor: Effects on antioxidative status. Parasitology, 141, 770-776. DOI:10.1017.S0031182013002126. Frączek, R., Żółtowska, K., Lipiński, Z., & Dmitryjuk, M. (2012). Proteolytic activity in the extracts and in the excretory/secretory products from Varroa destructor parasitic mite of honeybee. International Journal of Acarology

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Ethological Aspects of Honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Adaptation to Parasitic Mite Varroa Destructor (Mesostigmata, Varroidae) Invasion

References Akimov I. A., Kiryushyn V. E. Possible ways of adaptation of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae) to parasitizing of mite Varroa destructor // Vestnik zoologii. — 2008. — 42, N 3. — P. 45-55. — Russian: (Hymenoptera, Apidae) Акимов И. А., Кирюшин В. Е. Возможные пути адаптации Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae) к паразитированию клеща Varroa destructor // Вестн. зоологии. Akimov I. A., Grobov O. F., Piletckaya I. V. et al. Bee mite Varroa jacobsoni. — Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1993. — 254 p

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Nosema Ceranae DNA in Honey Bee Haemolymph and Honey Bee Mite Varroa Destructor/DNK Nosema Ceranae U Hemolimfi Pčela I Pčelinjem Krpelju Varroa Destructor

:165-189. 24. Gajic B, Radulovic Z, Stevanovic J, Kulisic Z, Vucicevic M, Simeunovic P, Stanimirovic Z: Variability of the honey bee mite Varroa destructor in Serbia based on mtDNA analysis. Exp Appl Acarol 2013, 61:97-105. 25. Rosenkranz P, Aumeier P, Ziegelmann B: Biology and control of Varroa destructor. J Invertebr Pathol 2010, 103:96-119. 26. Genersch E, Aubert M: Emerging and re-emerging viruses of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Vet Res 2010, 41:54. 27. Križek I, Horvatek D, Gottstein Ž, Steiner Z, Galović D

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The body composition and enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism of Varroa destructor

destructor. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 68: 579-584. Božič J., Woodring J. (1997) Effect of activity on the haemolymph sugar titers in honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 36: 33-39. Campbell E. M., Budge G. E., Bowman A. S. (2010) Gene-knockdown in the honey bee mite Varroa destructor by a non-invasive approach: studies on glutathione S-transferase. Parasites and Vectors 3: 73. Available at: http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/3/1/73 Chalvardjian A., Rudnicki E. (1970) Determination of lipid phosphorus in the

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Expression of the Prophenoloxidase Gene and Phenoloxidase Activity, During the Development of Apis Mellifera Brood Infected with Varroa Destructor

honey bees and beekeeping. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 87(1): 87-97. DOI: 10.1007/ s00253-010-2573-8 Gregorc A., Evans J. D., Scharf M., Ellis J. D. (2012) Gene expression in honey bee (Apis mellifera) larvae exposed to pesticides and Varroa mites (Varroa destructor ). Journal of Insect Physiology 58(8): 1042-1049. DOI: 10.1016/j. jinsphys.2012.03.015 Gregory P. G., Evans J. D., Rinderer T., de Guzman L. I. (2005) Conditional immune-gene suppression of honeybees parasitized by Varroa mites. Journal of Insect Science 5: 1

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The Amitraz Strips Efficacy in Control of Varroa Destructor After Many Years Application of Amitraz in Apiaries

-53. Chuda-Mickiewicz B., Prabucki J., Samborski J., Rostecki P. (2008) - Skuteczność zwalczania Varroa destructor paskami z amitrazą w rodzinach z czerwiem. [The effectiveness of amitraz strips in control of Varroa destructor in honeybee colonies with brood]. In Materiały z XLV Naukowej Konferencji Pszczelarskiej, Puławy, Poland, 11-12 marca, 2008 , pp. 77-79. Commission of the European Communities (2002) - Concerted Action 3686: "Coordination in Europe of research on integrated control of Varroa mites in honey bee colonies". Technical guidelines

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Assessing in Vitro Acaricidal Effect and Joint Action of a Binary Mixture Between Essential Oil Compounds (Thymol, Phellandrene, Eucalyptol, Cinnamaldehyde, Myrcene, Carvacrol) Over Ectoparasitic Mite Varroa Destructor (Acari: Varroidae)

bee colony collapse disorder. Science, 318, 283-287. DOI: 10.1126/science.1146498 Eguaras, M., Del Hoyo, M., Palacio, M. A., Ruffinengo, S., Bedascarrasbure, E. L. (2001). A new product with formic acid for Varroa jacobsoni Oud. control in Argentina. I. Efficacy. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series B, 48(1), 11-14. Eguaras, M., Cora, D., Ruffinengo, S., Faverin, C., Palacio, A. (2004). Efectividad del timol en el control de Varroa destructor en condiciones de laboratorio y en colonias de Apis mellifera. Natura Neotropicalis, 34, 27

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Efficacy of plant-derived formulation “Argus Ras” in Varroa destructor control

REFERENCES 1. Rosenkranz P, Aumeier P, Ziegelmann B: Biology and control of Varroa destructor . J Invertebr Pathol 2010, 103:S96-S119. 2. Gisder S, Aumeier P, Genersch E: Deformed wing virus: replication and viral load in mites ( Varroa destructor ). J Gen Virol 2009, 90:463–467 3. Simeunovic P, Stevanovic J, Cirkovic D, Radojicic S, Lakic N, Stanisic LJ, Stanimirovic Z: Nosema ceranae and queen age influence the reproduction and productivity of the honey bee colony. J Apicult Res 2014, 53:545-554. 4. Yang X, Cox-Foster DL: Impact of an

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Ecological characteristics of Varroa destructor (parasitiformes, varroidea) and its environmental capacity as a key factor for development of varroosis panzootia

Ecological Characteristics of Varroa destructor (Parasitiformes, Varroidae) and Its Environmental Capacity as a Key Factor for Development of Varroosis Panzootia. Akimov I. A., Korzh O. P. - By means of formalized schematic models of relationship with hosts the varroa mite uniqueness as a parasite is shown. The life cycle of this species requires the change of a host species at different stages of their development and physiological states. Thus the mite parasitizes not only a separate bee but a whole hive. The fact that the whole hive but not a single bee dies during varroosis development supports this idea. The impetus for this type of parasitism is the relative constancy of the environment in the hive supported by bees even in winter. Exactly this fact causes high pathogenicity of the varroa for the honey bee and its control complexity.

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