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Landschaften. In: Gailing L., Leibenath M. (eds), Neue Energielandschaften - Neue Perspektiven der Landschaftsforschung. Springer VS, Wiesbaden: 101-120. Kühne O., 2013b. Landschaftstheorie und Landschaftspraxis: Eine Einführung aus sozialkonstruktivistischer Perspektive. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. Kühne O., 2015. The streets of Los Angeles: About the integration of infrastructure and power. Landscape Research 40(2): 139-153. Kühne O., 2016. Transformation, Hybridisierung, Streben nach Eindeutigkeit und Urbanizing former Suburbs (URFSURBS): Entwicklungen postmoderner

References Aguilar, A 2008, ‘Peri-urbanization, illegal settlements and environmental impact in Mexico City’, Cities, vol. 25, pp. 133–145. Alfonso, W & Pardo, C 2012, ‘The suburbanization process in Bogotá D.C. and municipalities of the Savanna of Bogotá 1998-2010’ in Suburbanization versus peripheral sustainability of rural-urban areas fringes , eds M Czerny & G Hoyos Castillo, NOVA Publishers, pp. 103–122. Banzhaf, E Reyes-Paecke, S Müller, A & Kindler, A 2013,‘Do demographic and land-use changes contrast urban and suburban dynamics? A sophisticated

Introduction The ongoing process of urbanisation and its multidimensional and interlinked economic, social and political effects have attracted considerable attention by a steadily growing body of multidisciplinary literature ( Wheaton & Shishido 1981 ; Krugman 1991 ; Henderson 2003 ; Portes & Roberts 2005 ; Castells-Quintana & Royuela 2014 ; Cohen 2014 ). Both rural push and/or urban pull factors have been used to explain the urbanisation process ( Jedwab, Christiaensen & Gindelsky 2017 ). A central theme of the literature on its effects, is the nexus

. Sobotka, T. 2008: The diverse faces of the Second Demographic Transition in Europe. In: Demographic Research , 19/8, pp. 171-224. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.8 Sobotka, T., Šťastná, A., Zeman, K., Hamplová, D. and Kantorová, V. 2008: Czech Republic: a rapid transformation of fertility and family behaviour after the collapse of state socialism. In: Demographic Research , 19/14, pp. 403-454. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.14 Szymańska, D. 2007: Urbanizacja na świecie (Urbanization in the world - in Polish), Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, p. 392. United Nations

1 Introduction During the 19 th and 20 th centuries, the growth and the concentration of population in developed countries were powered by industrialisation ( Bairoch/Goertz 1986 ) The rapidly expanding industries in many large towns and cities drew people from the countryside, transforming landscapes and societies. Since 1950, urbanisation has slowed down and urban expansion has occurred in a scattered way around the periphery of cities. This fragmented pattern of growth in the urbanisation process is commonly termed “urban sprawl” in the English

References Abdo M. 2015. Reforming Ethiopia’s expropriation law. Mizan Law Review , 9, 2: 301–340. Adam A.G. 2014. Land tenure in the changing peri-urban areas of Ethiopia: The case of Bahir Dar city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , 38, 6: 1970–1984. Adam A.G. 2016. Urbanization and the struggle for land in the peri-urban areas of Ethiopia. Paper presented at the Annual Bank Conference on Africa. Adam A.G. 2020. Urban Built-Up Property Formation Process in the Peri-Urban Areas of Ethiopia. [in:] S. Appiah-Opoku (ed.) Land Use Change and

References 1. B. Williams, “Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy”, London, 1985, p. 36. 2.; 3. 4. “Urban World: Cities and the Rise of the Consuming Class”, McKinsey Global Institute, 2013. 5. “Future of the Cities - Cities of the Future. Strategies and Challenges. Social and technological innovations”, Report by ThinkTank and RWE, 2013. 6. R. D. Putnam, „Bowling Alone. America's Declining Social Capital”, 1995. 7. F. Fukuyama, „Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation

.E.(2016). Electricity Consumptionin Lesotho: The Role of Financial Development, Industrialisation and Urbanisation, Journal of International Business and Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 1-12. 70. Shahbaz, M. and Lean, H. H. (2012). Does Financial Development increase Energy Consumption? The Role of Industrialization and Urbanization in Tanzania, Energy Policy, Vol. 40, pp. 473-479. 71. Statistics Botswana.(2016). Electricity Generation & Distribution; Stats Brief, First Quarter 2016, 2016/2. Available at online at 72


A study is made of the significance of small towns in the process of urbanisation of Wielkopolska, a region situated in the western part of Poland. The analysis is conducted in both, a dynamic and a static approach, and covers two aspects of urbanisation: demographic and spatial. The basic period examined embraces the years 2000-2015. What is visible in the set of Wielkopolska towns is the depopulation of its core city, Poznań, accompanied by an increase in the population of small units located in its suburban zone. There is an upward tendency in the population number also in selected size classes of small Wielkopolska towns, which demonstrates that in this case we cannot speak of a crisis of small towns since they play an important role in the process of urbanisation of the region. In the recent years, increasingly important in this process, especially at the local level, has been the appearance of new towns set up as a result of the restitution of municipal rights.

Toronto Press. [8] Cigale, D. (2005). Posodobitev Ravbarjeve tipizacije naselij z vidika stopnje urbaniziranosti na podlagi RPE 2002. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani. [9] Daniels, T. (1999). When city and country collide: Managing growth in the metropolitan fringe. Washington D. C.: Island Press. [10] Errington, A. (1994). The peri-urban fringe: Europe’s forgotten rural areas. Journal of Rural Studies 10(4), 367-375. Doi: 10.1016/0743-0167(94)90046-9. [11] Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., Zaleskiene, E., Baltrusaityte, G. & Rubikaite, L. (2015). Urbanization Influence on