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REFERENCES Aguilar-Fenollosa E., Rey-Caballero J., Blasco J.M., Segarra-Moragues J.G., Hurtado M.A., Jaques J.A. 2016. Patterns of ambulatory dispersal in Tetranychus urticae can be associated with host plant specialization. Experimental and Applied Acarology 68: 1–20. DOI: 10.1007/s10493-015-9969-1. Ako M., Poehling H.-M., Borgemeister Ch., Nauen R. 2006. Effect of imidacloprid on the reproduction of acaricide-resistant and susceptible strains of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Pest Management Science 62: 419–424. DOI: 10.1002/ps.1182. Ay R

References Akhtar Y., Isman M. B. 2003. Binary mixtures of feeding deterrents mitigate the decrease in feeding deterrent response to antifeedants following prolonged exposure in the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Chemoecology 13: 177-182. Amer S. A. A., Refaat A. M., Momen F. M. 2001. Repellent and oviposition-deterring activity of rosemary and sweet marjoram on the spider mites Tetranychus urticae and Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari: Tetranychidae). Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 36: 155-164. Antonious G. F., Meyer J. E

References Casteel C. L., Walling L. L., Paine T. D. 2006. Behavior and biology of the tomato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli , in response to the Mi-1.2 gene. Entomol. Exp. Apel. 121: 67-72. Godzina M., Kiełkiewicz M., Szymczykiewicz K. 2010a. Tomato carrying Mi-1.2 gene as a host-plant to the two-spotted spider mite ( Tetranychus urticae Koch): results of laboratory evaluation. Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin 72: 15-24. Godzina M., Staniaszek M., Kiełkiewicz M. 2010b. Relevance of the MI23 marker and the potato aphid biology as indicators of tomato

), (Acarina: Tetranychidae) in South Africa. I. The seasonal abundance of P. citri in an orchard under natural control. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 34(1): 63-72. Landeros Flores J., Cerna Chávez E., Aguirre-Uribe L.A., Flores Canales R., Ochoa-Fuentes Y.M. 2013. Demographic parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on four Rosa sp. cultivars. Florida Entomologist 96(4): 1508-1512. DOI: 10.1653/024.096.0432. Łabanowska B.H. 1992. Black currant cultivar infestation with the two

transgenic cucumbers expressing the thaumatin II gene on the occurrence of arthropod fauna. In: Breeding for inducible resistance against pests and diseases., Proceedings of the meeting of IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Breeding for Plant Resistance to Pest and Diseases" at Heraklio, Crete, 27-29 April, 2006. IOBC wprs Bull. 44: 149-153. Kiełkiewicz M., Miazek A., Szwacka M. 2008b. Local and systemic responses induced by Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae) feeding in cucumber plants transformed with thaumatin II gene. In: Integrative Acarology. Proceedings

-Mari, F., Gonzalez-Zamora, J. E. (1999). Biological control of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) with naturally occurring predators in strawberry plantings in Valencia, Spain. Exp. Appl. Acarol ., 23 , 487–495. Hothorn, T., Bretz, F., Westfall, P. (2008). Simultaneous inference in general parametric models. Biomet. J ., 50 , 346–363. Khan, Y. A., Nazer, W., Hameed, A., Farooq, J., Shadid, M. F. (2011). Impacts of abiotic factors on population fluctuation of insect fauna of Vigna radiata and Tetranychus urticae Koch in Sindh, Pakistan. Front. Agri

. (Acarina: Tetranychidae). pp. 33-35. In: Acarology IX. (R. Mitchell D. J. Horn G. R. Needham W. C. Welbourn ed.). Columbus, Ohio, USA. Witul A., Kielkiewicz M. 1999. Life-history parameters of two closely related forms of the Tetranychus urticae - complex on different host plants. pp. 399-404. In: Ecology and Evolution of the Acari. (J. Bruin L. P. S. van der Geest M. W. Sabelis ed.). Kluver Academic Publishers Dordrecht/Boston/London. The Netherlands/USA/UK.

References Asquith, D. (1965). Photography in mite counting. Journal of Economic Entomology, 58 (4), 677-678. Boczek, J. (1999). Zarys akarologii rolniczej . Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. Clotuche, G., Mailleux, A.-C., Deneubourg, J.-L., Detrain, C., Hance, T. (2012). The silk road of Tetranychus urticae: is it a single or a double lane? Experimental and Applied Acarology, 56 (4), 345-354. Considine, D. M., Considine, G. D. (1995). Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia (8 ed.). Boston, MA: Springer. Czachor, H., Lipiec, J. (2004). Quantification


Investigations concerning the effect of hemp oil on mortality of the foxglove aphid (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) and the two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) were conducted in the years 2014-2015. The tested essential oil was produced at the Institute of Natural Fibers and Medicinal Plants in Poznan. It was obtained by steam distillation of fresh panicles of Polish hemp cultivars, Beniko, Bialobrzeskie and Silesia, with low cannabinoid contents, including THC (max. 0.2% plant fresh matter). The effect of essential oil on the investigated pests was determined following the application of aqueous emulsion solution at 0.02, 0.05 and 0.1%. Mortality of agrophages was determined 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment. In this study a very high efficacy of the essential oil produced from hemp panicles was found in the reduction of population size of the foxglove aphid (A. solani). Already at 24 h after its application at a concentration of 0.1% pest mortality rate was 98.20%, while after 48 h it reached 100%. A significant, although much lesser effect of oil on the aphid population was recorded when applying it at 0.05%, with the mortality rate of the true bug after 72 h amounting to 57.33%. Essential oil also showed an effect on the two spotted spider mite (T. urticae). Following the oil application, irrespective of its concentration, a significant effect on mite mortality was observed. Its action was the strongest at its highest concentration, ie 0.1%, while mortality of the pest at 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment was 83.28, 95.83 and 98.72%, respectively.

review. In Natural Products Communication, vol. 3, pp. 1171–1182. ISSN 1934-578X. KOSCHIER, E. H. – Sedy, K. A. – Novak, J. 2002. Influence of plant volatiles on feeding damage caused by the onion thrips Thrips tabaci . In Crop Protection, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 419–425. ISSN 0261-2194. LEŚNIAK, M. – POBOŻNIAK, M. – PNIAK, M. 2013. The influence of orange oil and orange synthetic aroma on Tetranychus urticae (Koch.), Aphis phomi (Deg.) and Eriosoma lanigerum (Hasm.). In Episteme, vol. 22, pp. 101–107. ISSN 1895-4421. LEWIS, T. 1973. Thrips their biology, ecology