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Progressive Scoliosis and Syringomyelia - Questions of Surgical Approach

REFERENCES 1. Hausmann ON, Böni T, Pfirrmann CW, et al. Preoperative radiological and electrophysiological evaluation in 100 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Eur Spine J 2003;12(5):501-6. 2. Kołban M, Darczuk J, Chmielnicki M. Diagnosis of syringomyelia and Chiari malformations in patients with scoliosis. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2005;7(1):36-41. 3. Mendelevich EG, Davletshina RI, Dunin DN. [Clinical and MRI outcomes of syringomyelia in children.] Nevrologicheskiy vestnik 2011;4:14-9 (Russian). 4. Krupina NE, Patyukov SV. [To the

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Syringomyelia and Chiari Malformation in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels – Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Pharmacological and Surgical Treatment

resonance imaging as a useful tool for the selection of pharmacological and surgical treatment options for canine hydrocephalus. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2012, 56, 389-391. 4. Rusbridge C., Greitz D., Iskandar B.J.: Syringomyelia: current concepts in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. J Vet Intern Med 2006, 20 , 469-479. 5. Rusbridge C.: Chiari-like malformation with syringomyelia in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: long - term outcome after surgical management. Vet Surg 2007, 36 , 396-405. 6. Wacławska-Matyjasik A

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Retrospective study of 37 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs diagnosed with Chiari-like malformation and Syringomyelia

Introduction Chiari-like malformation (CM) is an anomaly characterized by the occipital hypoplasia, therefore a reduced volume of the caudal cranial fossa, leading to cerebellar herniation through foramen magnum, and sometimes also the brainstem. Secondary to this, the cerebrospinal fluid is obstructed, leading to the development of Syringomyelia - fluid filled cavities within the spinal cord ( 1 ). In the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) these conditions are frequently diagnosed, some studies suggesting that CM is inherited in this breed ( 2 , 3

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Multiple anomalies in the atlanto-occipital joint (articulation atlanto-occipitalis)

deficit in a family. Childs Nerv Syst. PMID: 23468202. White TD, Folkens PA. 2000. Human osteology. 2nd edition. San Diego: Accademic Press. Wysocki J, Bubrowski M, Szymański I. 2003. Odmiany anatomiczne kręgów szyjnych i pierwszego kręgu piersiowego i ich znaczenie kliniczne. Otolaryngologia Przegląd Kliniczny 2:65-71. Zderkiewicz E, Kaczmarczyk R. 2007. Syringomyelia and Arnold-Chiari syndrome. Neurl Neurochir Pol 41(4):355-60.

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Symptomatic Fourth Ventricle Arachnoid Cyst Extending to the Upper Border of the Dens of the Axis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

;8:203-6. 16. Aggouri M, Boujraf SA, Benzagmout M, Chaoui ME. Arachnoid cyst of the posterior fossa. Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2010;15(4):277-9. 17. Yamashita T, Hiramatsu H, Kitahama Y, Tokuyama T, Sugiyama K, Namba H. Disproportionately large communicating fourth ventricle associated with syringomyelia and intradural arachnoid cyst in the spinal cord successfully treated with additional shunting. Case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2012;52(4):231-4. 18. Mori H, Terabayashi T, Kitazawa T, Sugiyama Y. Multiple intracerebral hemorrhages

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. Nature. 2011; 478(7367): 97-102. 16. Rosenfeld JA, Coe BP, Eichler EE, Cuckle H, Shaffer LG. Estimates of penetrance for recurrent pathogenic copy-number variations. Genet Med. 2013; 15(6): 478-481. 17. Schaaf CP, Goin-Kochel RP, Nowell KP, Hunter JV, Aleck KA, Cox S, et al. Expanding the clinical spectrum of the 16p11.2 chromosomal rearrangements: three patients with syringomyelia. Eur J Hum Genet. 2011; 19(2): 152-156. 18. Portnoi MF, Gruchy N, Marlin S, Finkel L, Denoyelle F, Dubourg C, et al. Midline defects in

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