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). Instructional dialogue: distance education students’ dialogic behavior. Studies in Higher Education, 31(6), 735-752. Routledge. 7. DeSanctis, G., & Poole, M. S. (1994). Capturing the complexity in advanced technology use: Adaptive structuration theory. Organisation Science, 5(2), 121-147. 8. Dillahunt, T., Wang, B., & Teasley, S. (2014). Democratizing higher education: Exploring MOOC use among those who cannot afford a formal education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(5). Retrieved on January 20, 2014 from http

from this study will be useful for organisational research on virtual work, outsourcing, cross-cultural communications and collaboration. Theoretical approach According to structuration theory, social structures and human agency are inextricably related. Social relations and the rules and drivers at play in relationships created in a particular structure have the ability to exist “out of time and place”, independent of the context in which they were once created. Giddens (1984) labels this process “structuration”. Daily routines are integral to individuals and

ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, LIX, 4, 2013 DOI: 10.2478/ace-2013-0032 THE 10th JUBILLEE CONFERENCE „SHELL STRUCTURES: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS”, SSTA2013, OCT. 16-18, 2013, GDAŃSK (POLAND) Shells are basic structural elements of modern technology and everyday life. Examples are automobile bodies, water and oil tanks, pipelines, aircraft fuselages, nanotubes, graphene sheets or been cans. Also Nature is full of living shells such as leaves of trees, blooming fl owers, see shells, cell membranes, double helix of DNA or wings of insects. In the human body


To achieve the smart growth and equitable development in the region, urban planners should consider also lateral energies represented by the energy urban models like further proposed EEPGC focused on energy distribution via connections among micro-urban structures, their onsite renewable resources and the perception of micro-urban structures as decentralized energy carriers based on pre industrialized era. These structures are still variously bound when part of greater patterns. After the industrial revolution the main traded goods became energy in its various forms. The EEPGC is focused on sustainable energy transportation distances between the villages and the city, described by the virtual “energy circles”. This more human scale urbanization, boost the economy in micro-urban areas, rising along with clean energy available in situ that surely gives a different perspective to human quality of life in contrast to overcrowded multicultural mega-urban structures facing generations of problems and struggling to survive as a whole.

Platform, Robert Bembenik, Łukasz Skonieczny, Henryk Rybiński, Marzena Kryszkiewicz, Marek Niezgódka, Eds., 2013, pp. 231-253. 21. Maziarz, M., M. Piasecki, E. Rudnicka, S. Szpakowicz, P. Kędzia. plWordNet 3.0 – A Comprehensive Lexical-Semantic Resource. – In: Proc. of 26th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, COLING 2016, Technical Papers, 11-16 December 2016, Osaka, Japan, pp. 2259-2268. 22. Maziero, E. G., M. L. D.-R. C. Jorge, T. A. S. Pardo. Revisiting Cross-Document Structure Theory for Multidocument Discourse Parsing. – Inf. Process. Manage, Vol

-Sunder and Myers, 1999 ]. This approach (setting a target debt ratio, calculating deficit, and ascertaining sources of financing) has never been previously applied in research on overconfidence and financing decisions. Our research covers the unique characteristics of managers (overconfidence) and the specific features of companies (general and financial data). The companies assessed in our work are private Polish companies. We chose Poland because this country has low research coverage, yet it is quite interesting in terms of applied capital structure theories. Poland has


Presented research introduces active filtering circuits which allow change of the transfer type without necessity of reconnection of the input or output terminal that can be very useful for on-chip applications. Our attention is focused on simple first-order filters that allow high-pass response (HP), all-pass response (AP) and also direct transfer (DT) with constant magnitude and phase characteristics between two terminals (input and output) by adjusting of one controllable parameter (current gain B in our case). Useful modification of the well-known current follower transconductance amplifier (CFTA), the so-called Z-copy current-controlled current follower differential input transconductance amplifier (ZC-CCCFDITA) and adjustable current amplifier were utilized in these circuits. Interesting possibilities (crossing between several transfer functions) of presented circuits require different values of B to obtain desired transfer function that is very important for practice and selection of specific way of control. Requirements on value of this continuously controllable gain B differ among presented structures. Theory is supported by simulation and measurement results with behavioral models utilizing commercially available active elements and simulation results with active elements based on CMOS models.

The main aim of the research was to identify the elements of a suitable organisational educational model for tourism in Slovenia. Our research was based on the need of inner circular reflexive performance of the individual in the tourism education model, institutionalised concept of education, which is viewed by outer reflexive model of tourism educational institutions performance and functional practical interaction of individuals and tourism institutions at the development of innovative potentials in the field of tourism. Tendencies to develop complex and qualitative services coming from permanent strengthening of innovative potential of tourism services are common in this field. It is necessary to develop a suitable model in the field of tourism education that places an individual in the educational process taking into account his/her conscious reflection, rational reflection and acquired motivation for solving complex projects in various levels of tourism. Suitable tourism education model, which is level-structured, is expanded in two ways. It includes the active role of an individual in rationalising practical knowledge and strengthening the innovative potential in developing his/her competences, and the role of tourism education institutions. The organisational cultural dimension can be observed as dual activity structure distinguishing between conscious reflection of the external environment on the level of educational institution and internal practical consciousness on the level of individual development of competences. Giddens structuration theory is used as a conceptual frame explaining the organisational-cultural dimensions of suitably structured educational model for tourism in Slovenia. The conclusion is based on the fact that an individual does not acknowledge the multilevel structure of study at higher education where there is an absence of conscious, practical and motivational reflection. Organisational cultural environment in the field of tourism education in Slovenia prefers practical and functional ways of acquiring competences on a higher and postgraduate (Master’s) level of study. Due to the structured changes implemented by the Bologna process, competences are not realised on the higher education level but on the postgraduate (Master’s) level, which demands a systematic review and a suitable education model change.

structurilor înalte şi a structurilor cu dimensiuni mari (Introduction into High and Big Dimensions Structures Theory). Editura UT Pres, Cluj-Napoca. Kopenetz, L., Prada, Marcela, 2011, Introducere în teoria structurilor speciale (Introduction into Special Structures Theory). Editura Universităţii, Oradea. Kopenetz, L., 2006, Gongolatok Statikusoknak. Ed. Kriterion, Cluj-Napoca. Kopenetz, L., Cătărig, A., Alexa, P., 2004, Setting the Form of Light Membrane Structures. Proceedings of International Conference Performance based Engineering for 21 st Century , Iaşi

earthquakes, Key Engineering Materials, 569-570, (2013) 143-150. 5. Falborski T., Jankowski R., Kwiecień A.: Experimental study on polymer mass used to repair damaged structures, Key Engineering Materials, 488-489, (2012) 347-350. 6. Lasowicz N., Jankowski R.: Numerical analysis of a temporary steel grandstand, In: Shell Structures: Theory and Applications - Proc. of the X SSTA Conference, CRC/Balkema, Leiden, Netherlands, 3, (2014) 543-546. 7. Lasowicz N., Kwiecień A., Jankowski R.: Enhancing the seismic resistance of columns by GFRP confinement using flexible adhesive