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Integration auf Zeit für ein Leben in Transition: Gesellschaftlicher und politischer Umgang mit den Herausforderungen einer segmentierten städtischen Migrationsgesellschaft in Muscat (Oman)

Zusammenfassung

Der Beitrag beleuchtet das Themenfeld „Internationale Migration und Integration“ aus einer nicht alltäglichen Perspektive, um den Blick auf die gesellschaftlichen und politischen Herausforderungen zu erweitern: Betrachtet wird das heterogene Zusammensein in der städtischen Gesellschaft von Muscat, der Hauptstadt des Sultanats Oman, die sich seit dem Modernisierungsprozess nach 1970 zu einer segmentierten Migrationsgesellschaft entwickelte. Das Besondere an dieser jungen dynamischen Zuwanderungsgesellschaft ist, dass eine (dauerhafte) Integration weder von omanischer Seite noch von Seiten der ausländischen Arbeitnehmerinnen und Arbeitnehmer vorgesehen ist. Daher wird „Integration auf Zeit“ als eine alternative Form des gesellschaftlichen Miteinanders aus den verschiedenen Blickwinkeln der Beteiligten diskutiert. Zunächst werden einige konzeptionelle Überlegungen zur Analyse von Integration angestellt, um anschließend die gesellschaftlichen und politischen Rahmenbedingungen zu thematisieren, welche die Arbeitssituation der Ausländer in Oman reglementieren: das Sponsorship-System und die Omanisierungspolitik. Darauf aufbauend werden die Integrationsmöglichkeiten und -erwartungen der Migranten anhand der räumlichen Praxis am Beispiel der beiden zentralen Aspekte Wohnstandortwahl und Mobilitätsmöglichkeiten diskutiert. Die sozioökonomische Position sowie die Anerkennung aufgrund des Berufs- und Bildungsstatus zeigen sich dabei als die wesentlichen Kriterien.

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Border Struggles in the Migrant Metropolis

Abstract

The transnational conjunctures of migration and urban space radically destabilise and contradict the spatial premises and conceits of nationalism, and require us to examine the proliferation of sites of border enforcement far removed from physical borders at the territorial margins of states. The spatial practices of migrants and their struggles therefore provide crucial standpoints of critique from which to interrogate what we may call the ‘borderological‘ fetishism of much border and migration studies. The migrant metropolis becomes the premier exemplar, simultaneously, of the extension of borders deep into the putative ‘interior‘ of nation-state space through immigration law enforcement that increasingly saturates the spaces of everyday life, and of the disruptive and incorrigible force of migrant struggles that dislocate borders and instigate a re-scaling of border struggles as urban struggles.

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Anatomy of Place-Making in the Context of the Communication Processes: A Story of One Community and One Square in a Post-Socialist City

–61. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023330 Moote M.A., McClaran M.P., Chickering D.K., 1997. Theory in practice: Applying participatory democracy theory to public land planning. Environmental Management , 21, 6: 877–889. Oakes T.S., Price P.L., 2008. The Cultural Geography Reader . London and New York: Taylor & Francis. Owens A., 2012. Neighborhoods on the rise: A typology of neighborhoods experiencing socioeconomic ascent. City and Community 11, 4: 345–369. Patterson M., 2016. The global city versus the city of neighborhoods: Spatial practice

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Spaces of early childhood: Spatial approaches in research on early childhood education and care

childhood studies . Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan. Richter, M., & Andresen, S. (Eds.). (2012). The politicization of parenthood. Shifting private and public responsibilities in education and child rearing . New York: Springer. Roberston, S.L. (2009). ‘Spatialising’ the sociology of education: Stand-points, entry-points, vantage-points. In S. Ball, M. Apple, & L. Gandin (Eds.), Handbook of Sociology of Education (pp. 15–26). London, New York: Routledge. Rutanen, N. (2012). Socio-spatial practices in a Finnish daycare group for one- to three

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Pasteloza – refurbishing of the PPR heritage

talking about it, recognizing its significance and impact on the urban landscape of Poznań. One of the main systematic research tools of urban anthropology, as well as human geography and urbanism, is ethnography, since it promises a holistic approach towards the understanding of social, spatial, and cultural context. Particularly suitable for the analysis of spatial practices, ethnography offers a collection of various qualitative research tools and procedures such as fieldnotes, in-depth interviews, mapping, and participant-observations. The multi

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The planner's subjective destitution: towards a hysterical-analytical triad of planning theory-research-practice

New York Lacan, J. (2007 [1991]): The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: The Other Side of Psychoanalysis Book XVII. New York. Lacan J 2007 1991 The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: The Other Side of Psychoanalysis Book XVII New York Lacan, J. (2008 [2005]): My Teaching. London. Lacan J 2008 2005 My Teaching London Liggett, H.; Perry, D.C. (1995): Spatial Practices: An Introduction. In: Liggett, H.; Perry, D.C. (eds.): Spatial Practices. Thousand Oaks, 1-12. Liggett H. Perry D.C. 1995 Spatial Practices: An Introduction Liggett H. Perry

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Quality of life in rural areas: A topic for the Rural Development policy?

, geography and spatial practice. In: Ymer, 130, pp. 209-222. Forsberg, G. and Lindgren, G., 2013: Regional policy, social networks and informal structures. In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ahead-of-print. Foucault, M., [1975] 1995: Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison (2nd edition), London: Vintage Books. Gallent, N., Shucksmith, M. and Teodor-Jones, M., 2003: Housing in the European Countryside, Rural Pressure and Policy in Western Europe, London: Routledge. Gelan, A., Shannon, P. and

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Impact of population ageing on hospital consumption and medical demography in metropolitan France: The example of obstetricians

) proposed in 1975 by J-J Ronsac and C. Terrier. This method is initially based on the analysis of users’ “home-work” flows in order to delimit the “employment territory” [ 16 , 17 ]. To set up an operational network, the “departure-arrival” flows should be studied according to a given problematic (obstetrics, urology, etc.) by means of the “relative flow method”. Transposed to the hospital area, the “home-health centre” users’ flows are analysed. This method allows to define the territory operational experience based on users’ spatial practices which doesn

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Integrative Planning of Post-suburban Growth in the Glatt Valley (Switzerland)

discussion of extended urbanism by Brenner/Schmid (2015) . Their Lefebvrian account of spatial practices, territorial regulation and everyday life in extended urbanism is worth repeating: “Spatial practices [refer to] the activation of places, territories and landscapes in relation to agglomerations; the subsequent creation, thickening and stretching of an ‘urban fabric’ connecting agglomerations to the diverse sites of sociometabolic transformation upon which they depend. [...] Territorial regulation [refers to] governance systems oriented towards the sociometabolic and

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Political, Practical and Architectural Notions of the Concept of the Right to the City in Neighbourhood Regeneration

people encounter in daily activities, conceived space of professional knowledge, and lived space that represent spatial experiences of everyday life. These are all parts of the production of meaning in urban space. The triad has its translation into spatial terms with everyday spatial practices in the encountered physical-material environment, representations of space that are mentally constructed and spaces of representation as space as it might be, fully lived space ( Lefebvre 1991 : 38-40; Stanek 2011 : 128-129). The inseparability of the triad suggests that social

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