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Soviet Modernism in the Historic Context. The Cases of Vilnius and Panevėžys City Centers

Summary

In the history of Lithuanian architecture, the period of soviet modernism has made very problematical mark. The architectural and urbanist changes that were made in Lithuanian cities during this period are linked with the beginning and development of modern building practice. Many discussions causes the changes in the city centres that were made from the 1960s. New modern buildings that were built in the historic context changed its individuality and singularity. This article analyses architectural changes that were made from 1960s to1990s in the historic context of Vilnius and Panevėžys centres. The article suggests that during different decades of the soviet modernism period, the new architecture had a different approach to the historic context . To prove this suggestion, the article presents the most distinctive buildings that were built in the historic context of the selected city centres.

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Tension Between Everyday Practice and the New Museology Theory: A Case of the National Gallery of Art in Vilnius

Summary

This article aims to present the main aspects of the New Museology theory and discuss the possibilities of its adaptation in Lithuanian museum practice. To date, the New Museology theory, which was formed in the 1980’s and places the emphasis on the contextual presentation of artworks and the social role museums play in public cultural life, is not widely used in Lithuanian museum practice and a comprehensive survey of art museum permanent collection displays has not been carried out in regards to this particular framework. The first part of this article presents the New Museology theory and its historiography, including main authors, who have contributed to the formation and development of the ‘new’ theory. The second part presents an overview of different methods of display, including aesthetic, contextual/educational and white cube models. The third part shows how a recent establishment of the National Gallery of Art (NGA) in Lithuania completely ignored the New Museology theory and was based on the modernist view of art history, made popular in the Soviet period. Thus, it comes as no surprise, that the permanent collection display at the NGA has received a lot of criticism from various cultural and art historians and other academics. It is expected that the presentation of the main aspects of the New Museology theory and an assessment of a permanent collection display at the National Gallery of Art will help inform Lithuanian museum practice and form a basis for further studies in Lithuanian museological research.

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Socialist Postmodernism. The Case of the Late Soviet Lithuanian Architecture

: Princeton University Press, 2005, 352 p. 6. Chakrabarty, D. Provincializing Europe : Postcolonial thought and historical difference . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000, 336 p. 7. Ritter, K., Shapiro-Obermair, E., Wachter, A. Soviet Modernism 1955–1991 : An Unknown History (Arhitekturzentrum Wien, ed.). Zürich: Park Books, 2012, 360 p. 8. Socialist Realism and Socialist Modernism : World Heritage Proposals from Central and Eastern Europe. ICOMOS – Journal of the German National Committee VIII . Berlin: Hendrik Baessler Verlag, 2013, 144

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Visual Representation of Urban Environment: Microraioni of Riga in Soviet Cinematography

., Schöllhammer, G. Monumental and Minimal Space: Soviet Modernism in Architecture and Urban Planning. An introduction [online]. The Thread [cited 15.09.2017.]. http://www.red-thread.org/en/article.asp?a=34 25. Rose, G. Teaching visualised geographies : towards a methodology for the interpretation of visual materials. Journal of Geography in Higher Education . Vol. 20, Issue 3, 1996, pp. 281–294. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098269608709373 26. Rose, G. Visual methodologies: An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials . London: Sage, 2007, pp

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