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Brachymitrion Laciniatum (Splachnaceae) Rediscovered in South America

References Allen B. 2002. Moss flora of Central America, Part 2. Encalyptaceae- Orthotrichaceae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90 : 1-699. Cano M. J. 2003. New records and range extensions of some mosses in tropical areas of Chile. Trop. Bryol . 24 : 15-20. Cano M. J. 2008. Taxonomic revision of Hennediella Paris (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta). Bryophyt. Biblioth. 64 : 1-142. Cano M. J. & Gallego M. T. 2008. The genus Tortula (Pot- tiaceae, Bryophyta) in South America. Bot. J

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Primer Note: A New Set of Highly Polymorphic Nuclear Microsatellite Markers for Nothofagus nervosa and Related South American Species

References AZPILICUETA, M. M., H. CARON, C. BODÉNÈS and L. A. GALLO (2004): SSR markers for analysing South American Nothofagus species. Silvae Genetica 53, 240-243. DONOSO, C., L. A. GALLO, P. DONOSO and M. M. AZPILICUETA (2004): Variación en Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst. pp 115-144. In: Variación intraespecífica en especies arbóreas de los bosques templados de Chile y Argentina, edited by DONOSO, C., PREMOLI, A., GALLO, L., IPINZA, R. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago, Chile. DUMOLIN, S., B. DEMESURE and R

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The paraleucobryoid Campylopus complex (Leucobryaceae) in South American páramos

References Churchill S.P. & Linares-C. E.L. (1995): Prodromus bryologiae novo-granatensis: introducción a la flora de musgos de Colombia. Parte 1. Adelotheciaceae a Funariaceae. – Biblioteca “José Jerónimo Triana” 12: 1-453, i-xxvi. Crosby M.R., Magill R.E., Allen B. & He S. (2000): A checklist of the mosses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, 320 pp. Florschütz P.A. & Florschütz-de Waard J. (1974): Studies on Colombia cryptogams. I. Variation of characters in South American species of Campylopus . – Journal of the Hattori Botanical

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Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lichen Biota of Bolivia. 6

. New species and records of Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) from South America. Lichenologist 39(5): 463-474. Flakus A. & Kukwa M. 2012. New records of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia. Opuscula Philolichenum 11: 36-48. Flakus A. & Wilk K. 2006. Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen biota of Bolivia. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 99: 307-318. Flakus A., Elix J. A., Rodriguez P. & Kukwa M. 2011a.New species and records of Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) from South America. Lichenologist

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Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen biota of Bolivia. 5

(Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) do litoral Centro-Sul do Estado de São Paulo Iv. Grupo químico protocetrárico. Revista Brasil . Bot . 34 : 103-123. Brako L. 1991. Phyllopsora (Bacidiaceae). Fl . Neotrop . Monogr . 55 : 1-66. Breuss O. 1993. Catapyrenium (Verrucariaceae) species from South America. Pl . Syst . Evol . 185 : 17-33. Breuss O. 2001. Flechten aus Costa Rica II. Linzer Biol . Beitr . 33 (2): 1025-1034. Breuss O. 2008. Flechten aus Panama. Linzer Biol . Beitr . 40 (1): 321

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First record of Phytodietus moragai Gauld, 1997 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Tryphoninae) from Ecuador, with a description of the female of this species

ravenhorst , 1829 new genus to South America, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Tryphoninae). Annales Zoologici 66 (1): 53–56.

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Pollen morphology of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae, Fagales) and its phylogenetic significance

References ACOSTA M.C. & PREMOLI A.C. 2010. Evidence of chloroplast capture in South American Nothofagus (subgenus Nothofagus, Nothofagaceae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 54: 235-242. DOI: 10.1016/j. ympev.2009.08.008 APSA MEMBERS 2007. The Australasian Pollen and Spore Atlas V1.0. Australian National University, Canberra. Available from: Accessed November 2015. BLACKMORE S., STEINMANN J.A.J., HOEN P.P. & PUNT W. 2003. The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 65 Betulaceae and Corylaceae. Rev

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Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen biota of Bolivia. 8

Vegetation des Wohngebietes der Kallawaya und des Hochlandes von Ulla Ulla in den bolivianischen Anden. Teil II. Phytocoenologia 20(3): 289-438. Nash III T. H., Gries C. & Elix J. A. 1995. A revision of the lichen genus Xanthoparmelia in South America. Biblioth. Lichenol. 56: 1-158. Nöske N. M., Mandl N. & Sipman H. J. M. 2007. Lichens. Checklist Reserva Biológica San Francisco (Prov. Zamora- Chinchipe, S. Ecuador). Ecotropic. Monogr 4: 101-117. Nylander W. 1859. Lichenes in regionibus exoticis quibusdam vigentes exponit

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SSR Markers for Analysing South American Nothofagus Species

and RAPD markers to characterize three Chilean Nothofagus species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 104: 1064-1070. MORIGUCHI, Y., H. IWATA, T. UJINO-IHARA, K. YOSHIMURA, H. TIARA and Y. TSUMURA (2003): Development and characterisation of microsatellite markers for Cryptomeria japonica D. Don. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106: 751-758. PREMOLI, A. (1997): Genetic variation in a geographically restricted and two widespread species of South American Nothofagus. J Biogeogr. 24: 883-892. RAJORA, O. P., M. H. RAHMAN, S. DAYANANDAN and A

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Spatial structure of the economy – the evolution of nodes and networks in South and Central America

element in space. This article seeks to account for differences in the dynamics and intensity of spatial management processes in Central and South America. The assumption adopted has been that processes of the development and spatial expansion of the economy proceed stepwise in line with a “points-lines-areas” logic. In the case of the New World, development was indeed of a markedly pointwise character in its first phase, before spreading out radially into the continental interior from defined places on the coast first reached by the Conquistadors. Geographically

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