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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the form of celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Czechoslovak Republic. The physical culture association Sokol played an important role in the foundation of the republic and became part of the Slovak civil associations scene in 1918. The XVIth All-Sokol Ralley (Všesokolský zlet) in 2018 was one of the official events dedicated to the celebration of Czechoslovakia’s anniversary. For this occasion, the Slovak-Czech piece of motion music „Spolu” (“Together”) was composed. Based on participatory observation of the rehearsals in the role of a trainee, as well as interviews with the author of the music and observations at the All-Sokol Ralley, I have explored the symbolism of the celebration and reflected on the participation of Slovak women in this event.

Summary

The Sokol movement, as an expressly Slavic cultural, national-liberational liberal movement originated in Czechoslovakia in 1862 under the patronage of Miroslav Tyrš. The aim of the Sokol organization was to unite all the Slavic peoples through physical exercise, under the slogan “Freedom, brotherhood, equality.” The Sokol idea was made up of a synthesis of exercise and national culture. The Sokol movement in Serbia represented a part of a wealthy cultural and sports tradition. The Sokol rallies, competitions and public performances represented the manifestation of the Sokol physical exercise work and the display of Sokol might. Through all these manifestations one could over a shorter or longer period of time track the development of the Sokol exercise program. In addition, these manifestations represented the possibility of noting any drawbacks in the work of certain associations, parishes or societies. At the same time, these manifestations were also of a propaganda-mobilization character in the sense of promoting interest in the Sokol movement and the spreading of the Sokol idea. The MoravskaSokol parish Niš organized eleven rallies from the time it was founded in 1920 to 1939.