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Being a Small State: Discussion on the Role of Size

(2). Kristjansson, J.T. Iceland as a ‘powerful’ small state in the international community. Working Paper, Reykjavik: University of Iceland Lrt, 2014. L. Linkevičius pabrėžė Lietuvos vaidmenį remiant Ukrainą. Lrt, [online] 18 December 2014. Available at: < http://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/2/85477 > (accessed 05 March 2016). Lamoreaux, J.W., 2014. Acting small in a large state‘s world: Russia and Baltic States. European Security, [e-journal] 23(4). Lamoreaux, J.W. and Galbreath, D.J., 2010. The Baltic States As ‘Small States’: Negotiating The ‘East’ By

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Lithuania’s Foreign Policy Under the Eastern Partnership Programme in 2009–2014: From Small State Policy Tto Smart State Strategy

Abstract

The article addresses Lithuania’s foreign policy vis-à-vis the Eastern Partnership programme in 2009-2014 from the perspective of small states’ abilities to influence decision making processes within the European Union. The author aims at revealing the puzzle of Lithuania’s marginal capacities of absolute power being disproportional to the output of its foreign policy towards implementation of the Eastern Partnership programme and hence utilising “smart state strategy” conceptualised by Anders Wivel. The novelty of the study rests on expansion of applying the smart state strategy towards the post-negotiation stage of the policy implementation. The article contributes to the debate over the applicability of the “smart state strategy” approach towards the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union, by arguing that Lithuania’s foreign policy vis-à-vis the Eastern Partnership programme in 2009-2014 does indeed serve as an example of such behaviour, however recognising Lithuania’s initial shift from utilising “small state policy” to “smart state strategy”.

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New Zealand Elite Perceptions on the EU: A Longitudinal Analysis

), ‘Multilateralism in NZ Foreign Policy,’ beehive.govt.nz, 19 April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.beehive.govt.nz/node/21717 [accessed 1 Jul 2012] Henderson, J. (1980), ‘The Foreign Policy of a Small State,’ in J. Henderson, W. K. Jackson & R. Kennaway (eds.) Beyond New Zealand: the Foreign Policy of a Small State, Auckland: Methuen. Holland, M.; Chaban, N.; Bain, J.; Stats, K. & Sutthisripok, P., eds. (2005), EU in the Views of Asia-Pacific Elites: Australia, New Zealand and Thailand, NCRE Research Series Working Paper, no. 5, Christchurch

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Small New Member States in the EU Foreign Policy: Toward ‘Small State Smart Strategy’?

1 Bőrzel (2002: 205) identified that the EU ‘latecomers’ face a ‘double disadvantage’ in the EU as they lack sufficient staff power, money, and expertise to shape the EU policies. 2 Grøn and Wivel (2011: 523) suggest that ‘small state smart strategy’ involves a state as (1) a lobbyist, (2) a self-interested mediator, and (3) a norm entrepreneur. REFERENCES Bailer, S. 2004. Bargaining Success in the European Union. European Union Politics , 5(1), pp. 99–123. Baun, M. and Marek, D. 2013 (eds.). The New Member States and the European Union

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From the ‘Small but Smart State’ to the ‘Small and Entrepreneurial State’: Introducing a Framework for Effective Small State Strategies within the EU and Beyond

References Arter, D. (2000), ‘Small state influence within the EU: the case of Finland’s ‘Northern Dimension Initiative’,’ JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies , vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 677–697. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5965.00260 Björkdahl, A. (2008), ‘Norm advocacy: a small state strategy to influence the EU,’ Journal of European Public Policy , vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 135–154. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760701702272 Blavoukos, S. & Bourantonis, D. (2012), ‘Policy entrepreneurs and foreign policy change: the Greek–Turkish rapprochement

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Lithuania's Participation in the Reconstruction Process of Afghanistan: A Case of a Small State's Engagement in the International Arena

: rezultatyvumo vertinimas [An Operation of Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan: An Assessment of Effectiveness]. Bachelor thesis. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2009. Bačiulis, Audrius. "Rusija netikėtai atsigręţė į Lietuvą [Russia Has Unexpectedly Turned to Lithuania]." Veidas (February 15, 2010): 18-19. Balslev, Uffe. "The Danish Case: International Involvement as the Small State's Remedy for Great Power Dominance": 107-124. In: Laurent Goetschel, ed. Small States Inside and Outside the European Union: Interests

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Security Strategies of Small States in a Changing World

References Archer, C., Bailes, A. J. K., Wivel, A., 2014. Small States and International Security: Europe and Beyond. Abingdon: Routledge. Archer, C., 2014. The Nordic States and Security. In: Bailes, A.J.,Wivel, A., Clive, A. ed. Small States and International Security: Europe and Beyond. Routledge, pp. 95-112. Bailes, A. J. K., Thayer, B. A., Thorhallsson, B., 2016. Alliance theory and alliance ‘Shelter’: the complexities of small state alliance behavior. Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, Vol1, p.9-26. Bailes, A. J. K., Rickli

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Iceland’s Financial Crisis In 2008. Political, Economic and Social Consequences

of State in Iceland [2012]. Web. 28 June 2016, < http://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/eem/1315-olafur-ragnar-grimsson-re-elected-for-a-5th-mandate-as-head-ofstate-in-iceland>. Thorhallsson, B., The Icelandic Crash and its Consequences: A Small State without Economic and Political Shelter, [in:] Small States in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities, eds. Steinmetz R., Wivel A., Ashgate Publishing 2013. Tokarski, T., Kryzys? Islandia nie ratowała banków, ale uciekła przed widmem Unii. [2013]. Web. 28 June 2016, <http://www.pch24.pl

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Estonia And UNIFIL: The Benefits to a Small State of UN Peacekeeping

://www.eda.europa.eu/info-hub/defence-data-portal [Accessed 4 September 2017]. [13] Finnish Defence Forces, 2017. Lebanon UNIFIL [online] Available at: http://ilmavoimat.fi/en/web/kansainvalinenkriisinhallinta/lebanon-unifil [Accessed 31 August 2017]. [14] Hey, J., 2003. Introducing Small State Foreign Policy. In: Hey, J. ed. 2003. Small States in World Politics. Explaining Foreign Policy Behavior . Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. pp. 1-12. [15] International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2017. The Military Balance . London: Routledge for International Institute for Strategic Studies

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A small state in the asymmetrical bilateral relations: Lithuania in Lithuanian-Russian relations since 2004

Abstract

In this article, Lithuania's relations with Russia from 2004 to 2014 are examined. This analysis is not much of a challenge in itself: there have been no significant changes in the overall quality of the two countries' relations, no new issues of disagreement, and the countries' approaches to each other have also remained unchanged. This analysis is significant in a different way-relations with Russia motivate and induce Lithuania's entire foreign policy arena, from its strategies to the country's everyday debates. Understanding Lithuania's relations with Russia leads to insights regarding Lithuania's geopolitical thinking and how Lithuania represents itself. Therefore, in this article, the goal is to demonstrate that an analysis of Lithuanian-Russian relations since 2004 not only explains Lithuanian foreign policy, but also reveals an enduring and negative stability in bilateral relations notwithstanding constant turbulence and quarrels.

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