[Discussing Russian Energy Diplomacy and the Oil and Gas Factor in Sino-RussianRelations]. In Éluósī Zhōngyà Dōng’ōu Shìcháng 俄罗斯中亚东欧市场 [Russian, Central Asian and East European Market], 2, 2005, pp. 1-5 Liǔ, Fēnghuá 柳丰华. “Zhōngguó zài zhōngyà: zhèngcè de yǎnbiàn” 中国在中亚: 政策的演变 [China in Central Asia: Changing Policies]. In Éluósī Zhōngyà Dōng’ōu Yánjiū 俄罗斯中亚东欧研究 [Russian, Central Asian and East European Studies], 6, 2007, pp. 63-72 Liú, Xiǎolíng 刘晓玲. “Éméi zhōngyà lǐhǎi dìqū néngyuán bóyì fēnxī” 俄美中亚里海地区能源博弈分析 [Analysis of the Energy Game Between Russia and the United
The current state of bilateral relations between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China is described by many international relations experts as the best in history. After taking the president office by Donald Trump, the bilateral relations between America and abovementioned powers are cooling down. Current foreign policy of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation focuses on holding a common position in the international political arena, which is in fact an attempt to counter-weight political influence of the US administration and their allies. The dimension of the strategic partnership between China and Russia is also determining the mutual economic dependence, which is now crucial for both powers to build a strong position on the international forum. In addition, Russia is one of the crucial partners for the Chinese-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – by many recognized as the Chinese attempt to break the American economic domination. The collisional course of the American foreign policy towards Russia and China forces the latter to look for Central and Eastern European allies as well as to gain influence in the region of Central Asia which is leading to a constant increase in tensions between China and Russia.
the army’s extensive modernisation programme, which, being non-productive
costs, considerably worsen China’s economic situation. As is known, China’s
defence budget in 2013 amounted to the record-breaking 139.2 billion US
dollars. The budget was planned on the initiative of the former leader Hu
Tsintao, who also viewed Russia as the country’s main military objective due to
its huge natural resources.
James R. Gorrie unfortunately does not touch upon Sino-Russianrelations
in his book. This is why it is important to add, relying on the information by