Reasoning from a naturalistic perspective, viewing the mind as an evolved biological organ with a particular structure and function, a number of influential philosophers and cognitive scientists claim that science is constrained by human nature. How exactly our genetic constitution constrains scientific representations of the world remains unclear. This is problematic for two reasons. Firstly, it often leads to the unwarranted conclusion that we are cognitively closed to certain aspects or properties of the world. Secondly, it stands in the way of a nuanced account of the relationship between our cognitive and perceptual wiring and scientific theory. In response, I propose a typology or classification of the different kinds of biological constraints and their sources on science. Using notion of a conceptual space, I distinguish between constraints relating to the ease with which we can reach representations within our conceptual space (which I call ‘biases’) and constraints causing possible representations to fall outside of our conceptual space. This last kind of constraints does not entail that some aspects or properties of the world cannot be represented by us – as argued by advocates of ‘cognitive closure’ – merely that some ways of representing the world are inaccessible to us. It relates to what and have framed as ‘the alien scientist hypothesis’ (the possibility that alien scientists, endowed with radically different cognitive abilities, could produce representations of the world that are unintelligible to us). The purpose of this typology is to provide some much needed clarity and structure to the debate about biological constraints on science.
investigations are of great importance for application in
studies of organic light-emitting diodes and organic solar
In I. Muzikante’s work for the first time the existence and
asymmetry of trapping states of quadrupolar origin in penta-
cene thin films was experimentally confirmed. In the last
decade, I. Muzikante had broadened her scientificscope.
The organic materials with photochromic effect became im-
portant part of her research because of their possibility of
being employed in optical storage of data and molecular
switching devices, as well
really counts. The scientificscope of action and strength of nations. Scientometrics, 62(3), 297−319. Braun T. Dióspatonyi I. 2005 World flash on basic research: The counting of core journal gatekeepers as science indicators really counts. The scientificscope of action and strength of nations Scientometrics 62 3 297 319 Braun, T., Zsindely, S., Dióspatonyi, I., & Zádor, E. (2007). Gatekeeping patterns in nano-titled journals. Scientometrics, 70(3), 651−667. Braun T. Zsindely S. Dióspatonyi I. Zádor E. 2007 Gatekeeping patterns in nano-titled journals Scientometrics
demand and prices of which were on the rise in the world market.
The capital received major investments in education, infrastructure, and
urban improvements. Part of these investments went to the restructuring
of a natural history museum founded in 1866 in Belém, of which only a
part of the collection remained. Emilio Goeldi moved to Belém with the
mission of organizing the museum. The reorganization encompassed the in-
stitution’s physical, administrative, and scientificscope, which earned it the
name Museu Paraense de História Natural e Etnografia. It earned new