PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT. STUDIES AND RESEARCH
64 2017 • VOLUME LXXVI
Robert Charles Schneider as a Proud
Director of one of the First and Finest
Higher Education Sport Management
Programs in USA and World
A) conception and design of
B) acquisition of data
C) analysis and interpretation
D) manuscript preparation
E) obtaining funding
Robert C. Schneider 1 A-E, Jerzy Kosiewicz 2 A, D
1 The College at Brockport, State University of New York
Introduction. Poland is among the top ten countries of the European Union displaying the highest intensity of smoking.
Aim. To evaluate the frequency and intensity of smoking, the strength of nicotine addiction and the motivation to discontinue smoking, among students of the Academy of Physical Education.
Material and methods. First, a survey involving an anonymous questionnaire (which included both the Fageström and Schneider tests), was conducted within a population of 276 students. Next, this was analyzed statistically using the Statystica 7.1 program.
Results. The initial results of this research showed that 29, 71% of all respondents smoke cigarettes. Moreover, the applied Fageström test revealed that the test population was either: slightly addicted (44, 72% of all respondents), moderately addicted (34, 84% of all respondents), or heavily addicted (17.44%).
Conclusions. The prevalence of smoking among students of the Academy of Physical Education remains alarming. Furthermore, the negative health behaviors contribute to an adverse overview of the health of the questioned students.
, T. (2005b). Estimating the Underground Economy Using MIMIC Models, Working Paper, Canberra, Australia, http://econwpa.wustl.edu/eps/em/papers/0507/05070-03.pdf. Brück,T., Haisten-DeNew, J.B. and Zimmermann, K.F. (2006). Creating Low-Skilled Jobs by Subsidizing Market Contracted Household Work, Applied Economics , 38/4, 899-911. Buehn, A. and Schneider, F. (2012). Shadow Economies Around the World: Novel Insights, Accepted Knowledge, and New Estimates, International Tax and Public Finance , 19, 139-171. Buehn, A., Karmann, A. and Schneider, F. (2009). Shadow
. Schneider E., Nichersu I., Knoben R., Koppelman G., Chendres V., Tatole V. and Keukelaar F. (eds), 2005 ‒ Protection of wetlands of the Danube, A pilot project for Cama-Dinu islets area, Final Report, project realised for the Ministerul Mediului şi a Gospodăririi Apelor România (Ministry of Environment and Water Management) by DDNI, WWF Germany, Apele Române, Royal Haskoning PHARE RO 0105 Cross Border Cooperation Programme Romania-Bulgaria. 40. Shelijag-Sosonka I. R., 1996 ‒ Tshervona kniga Ukraini, Roslinnii Svit. Nationalna Akademija Nauk Ukraini/Red book of Ukraine
complementation patterns in Indian Standard English. English World-Wide 24: 137–161. Rayson, Paul. n.d. Log-likelihood and effect size calculator. http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/llwizard.html . (06_01_2018). Salzmann, Zdenek, James Stanlaw and Nobuko Adachi. 2012. Language, culture and society. An introduction to linguistic anthropology. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Schmitt, David P. 2005. Sociosexuality from Argentina to Zimbabwe: A 48-nation study of sex, culture, and strategies of human mating. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28: 247–275. Schneider, Edgar W. 2007
, but that does not mean they take them
The book is immensely shareable as well as engaging. It is
therefore fortunate that .pdf copies are available free of charge from the
publisher’s web page. And while it paints a lucid picture of realities we
are already all too familiar with, it also hints at where the neoliberal logic
currently dominant in universities will take us in the not too distant future.
Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
REFERENCES 1. Bornkamm R., Eggert A., Küppers M., Schmid B. and Stöcklin J. (eds), 1991 – Liste populatiosbiologisch relevanter Begriffe, in Schmid B and Stöcklin J. – Populationsbiologie der Pflanzen, Birkhäuser Verlag Basel-Boston – Berlin, 9-13. (in German) 2. Braun-Blanquet J., 1964 – Pflanzensoziologie, Grunzüge der Vegetationskunde, Auflage, Springer Verlag Berlin, Wien, New York, 3, 865. (in German) 3. Curtean-Bănăduc A., Schneider-Binder E. and Bănăduc D., 2014 – The importance of the riverine ligneous vegetation for the Danube Basin lotic ecosystems, in
chorologischer Sicht, Naturwissenschaftliche Forschungen über Siebenbürgen , III, Beiträge zur Pflanzengeographie des Südost-Karpatenraumes, 1-42, Siebenbürgisches Archiv , 20, Böhlau Verlag Köln Wien. (in German) 16. Mölder A. and Schneider-Binder E., 2011 – On the beautiful diverse Danube? Danubian floodplain forest vegetation and flora under the influence of river eutrophication, River Research and Applications , 27, 881-894, Willey. 17. Morariu I. and Danciu M., 1970 – In der Gegend des Eisernen Tores (Porţile de Fier) gemeldete Pflanzenassoziationen, Revue Roumaine de