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.–YAMASAKI, T: New Analytical Results of Energy-Based Swing-Up Control for the Pendubot, International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 52 (2013), 110-118. [5] SPONG, M. W.–BLOCK, D. J.: The Pendubot: a Mechatronic System for Control Research and Education, Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Conference on Decision & Control, 1995, vol. 1, Dec 1995, pp. 65-73. [6] BLOCK, D. J.: Mechanical Design and Control of the Pen-dubot, Master's thesis, University of Illinois, 1996. [7] FANTONI, I.–LOZANO, R.–SPONG, M. W.: Energy Based Control of the Pendubot, IEEE Transactions on Automatic

References Bechler JR, Jobe FW, Pink M, Perry J, Ruwe PA. Electromyographic analysis of the hip and knee during the golf swing. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine , 1995; 5(3): 162-166 Cheetham PJ, Martin PE, Mottram R, St Laurent B. The importance of stretching the “X-Factor” in the downswing of golf: The “X-Factor Stretch”. Optimising performance in golf , 192-199; 2001 Chu Y, Sell TC, Lephart SM. The relationship between biomechanical variables and driving performance during the golf swing. Journal of Sports Sciences , 2010; 28(11): 1251-1259 Croix MDS

Introduction Performance in golf is determined by the accuracy of drives from the tee, accuracy of approach shots from the fairway, short approach shots and putting. Therefore, the most important playing clubs are the driver, wedges and a putter ( McLean, 2005 ). In elite players it was found that about 43% of strokes were performed by the putter ( Pelz, 2000 ). The putting stroke is a specific kind of the golf swing (stroke), which is preferably used on the green, attempting to control both distance and lateral error, to finish either in, or as near as possible

References [1] ASTRÖM, H.-FURUTA, K. : Swing up a Pendulum by Energy Control, 13th world congress IFAC, San Francisco. [2] AWTAR, S.-KING, N. : Inverted Pendulum Systems: Rotary and Arm-Driven - a Mechatronic System Design Case Study, Mechatronics 12 No. 2, 357-370. [3] BLANCHINI, F. : Set Invariance in Control, Automatica 35 No. 11, 1747-1767. [4] CHYE, T. K.-SANG, T. C. : Rotary Inverted Pendulum, 1999, A Final Year Project Report, School of electrical and electronic engineering, Nanyang Technological University. [5] FANTONI, I.-LOZANO, R. : Non-Linear Control

References Shuai, X., Cheng, S. & Meisen, A. (1996). Simulation of pressure swing adsorption modules having laminated structure. Microporous Materials 5(6), 347-355. DOI: 10.1016/ 0927-6513(95)00070-4. Santos, J. C., Cruz, P., Regala, T., Magalhaes, F. D. & Mendes, A. (2007). High-purity oxygen production by pressure swing adsorption. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res 46(2), 591-599. DOI: 10.1021/ie060400g. Lee, S. J., Jung, J. H., Moon, J. H., Jee, J. G. & Lee, C. H. (2007). Parametric Study of the Three-Bed Pressure-Vacuum Swing Adsorption Process for High Purity O 2

. Biomechanical analysis of introductory exercises swing in vaulting riding. Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae, 52/l [elektronický zdroj]. - Bratislava : Univerzita Komenského, 2012. - ISBN 978-80-223-3229-3. - s. 73-77 11. Vaváček M. & J. Sklenaříková, 2011. Vplyv špeciálneho pohybového programu na rozvoj koordinačných schopností paravoltižérov. Telesná výchova & šport. 21(1), s. 38-40.

analysis to determine the mechanism for performance enhancement as a result of arm swing during jumping. Sports Biomechanics, 2010; 9(1): 38-46. Duboy J, Junka A, Lacouture P. Human mechanics: Sports and movements analysis in two dimensions. Paris, Revue EP.S Edition, 69-74; 1994 Faul F, Erdfelder E. GPOWER: A Priori, Post-Hoc, and Compromise Power Analyses for MS-DOS (Computer Program). Bonn, FRG: Bonn University, Department of Psychology; 2004 Hara M, Shibayama A, Arakawa H, Fukashiro S. Effect of arms wing direction on forward and backward jump performance. Journal of

relatively consistent within the same device types ( Menaspa et al., 2014 ). However, they did not assess concurrent validity. Moreover, some of the above mentioned manufacturers’ products are commercially available as sport watches; thus, they are designed to be worn on the wrist. Yet, while wearing the watch on the wrist is very user-friendly, it may have some inherent constraints with regard to elevation indication compared to steady placements, e.g., on handlebars. During bipedal locomotion, such as walking and running, an automatic arm swing sets in as it stabilises

–484. http://dx.doi.org/10.3182/20130902-3-cn-3020.00058 [8] D. M. Trajković, D. S. Antić, S. S. Nikolić, S. Lj. Perić and M. B. Milovanović, “Fuzzy Logic-Based Control of Three-Dimensional Crane System,” Automatic Control and Robotics. vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 2013. [9] Z. Jovanović, A. Perić, S Nikolić, M. Milojković and M. Milosević, “Anti-Swing Fuzzy Controller Applied in a 3D Crane System,” ETASR Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research , vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 196–200, 2012. [10] H.-H. Lee and S. Cho, “A New Fuzzy-Logic Anti-Swing Control for Industrial

Introduction Volleyball players perform vertical jumps frequently during practices and games in various defensive and offensive maneuvers ( Kenny and Gregory, 2006 ; Papageorgiou and Spitzley, 2003 ). These can be performed as countermovement vertical jumps (CMVJs) with or without an approach step ( Ziv and Lidor, 2010 ) and with different arm positions ( Neves et al., 2011 ). Volleyball players typically utilize a full arm swing whereby the arms are initially swung backward and then moved forward with the elbows fully extended during the CMVJ ( Neves et al