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. Assessing drought severity with the relative precipitation index (RPI) and the standardized precipitation index (SPI). Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 6 p. 29–49. Bak B., ŁAbedzki L. 2003. Modification of Standardized Precipitation Index SPI for drought monitoring in Poland. In: Meteorological services’ tasks in Nato operations, missions and exercises. 5th International Symposium on Military Meteorology. Poznah, 29.09-02.10.2003. War-szawa. Wat p. 15-22. Bonnacorso B., Boroli I., Canciellere A., Rossi G., Sutera A. 2003. Spatial variability of drought; an

Abstract

The drought events frequent manifestation over the Republic of Moldova territory, in the context of climate change requires a scientific monitoring adjusted to international researchers. In recent years, internationally, the estimation of this phenomenon occurs through standardized indexes. The most used of these, being the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). Since there is no a unified definition of drought, the World Meteorological Organization proposes to calculate the indexes, through developed calculation software. Thus, based on multi-annual data (1980-2014) a regional spatio-temporal estimation concerning drought in the Republic of Moldova was performed, thereby realizing the regional investigations framing in the international ones.

., CANCELLIERE A., ROSSI G., SUTERA A. 2003. Spatial variability of drought: an analysis of SPI in Sicily. Water Resources Management. Vol. 17. Iss. 4 p. 273-296. BARROS A., BOWDEN G. 2008. Toward long-lead operational forecasts of drought: An experimental study in the Murray- Darling River Basin. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 357. Iss. 3-4 p. 349-367. CACCIAMANI C., MORGILLO A., MARCHESI S., PAVAN V. 2007. Monitoring and forecasting drought on a regional scale: Emilia-Romagna Region. In: Methods and tools for drought Analysis and management. Eds. G. Rossi, T. Vega, B

eber G.R. 1998. Analysis of long-term European temperature records 1751–1995. Climate Research. Vol. 10. No. 3 p. 193–200. B ergaoui M., A louini A.W.S. 2002. Caractérisation de la sécheresse météorologique et hydrologique: Cas du bassin versant de Siliana en Tunisie [Characterization of meteorological and hydrological droughts: Case of Silana basin in Tunisia]. Science et changements planétaires/Sécheresse. Vol. 12. No 4 p. 205–213. B onaccorso B., B ordi I., C ancelliere A., R ossi G., S utera A. 2003. Spatial variability of drought: An analysis of the SPI

ZMŚP w Koniczynce (Pojezierze Chełmińskie) w latach 1951-2010 [Meteorological droughts in the region of the station of Integrated Environmental Monitoring in Koniczynka (Chełmno Lakeland) in the years 1951-2010]. Woda-Środowisko- Obszary Wiejskie. T. 12. Z. 2(38) p. 19-28. BĄK B., ŁABĘDZKI L. 2002. Assessing drought severity with the relative precipitation index (RPI) and the standardized precipitation index (SPI). Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 6 p. 89-105. BĄK B., ŁABĘDZKI L. 2013. Przestrzenne zróżnicowanie suszy meteorologicznej i rolniczej w rejonie

References ŁABĘDZKI L. 2007. Estimation of local drought frequency in Central Poland using the standardized precipitation index SPI . Irrigation and Drainage. Vol. 56 p. 67-77. MAMMADOV M.A., IMANOV F.A., MAMMADOV A.S., HUSEYNOV N.S. 2000. Meteorological principles of drought and hydrological processes pp. 177. MCKEE T.B., DOESKEN N.J., KLEIST J. 1993. The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales [online]. Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January 1993, Anaheim, California. [Access 20.10.2011]. Avalaible at: http://ccc.colostate.edu/relationshipofdrought/requency.pdf

A N N A L E S U N I V E R S I T A T I S M A R I A E C U R I E - S K O D O W S K A L U B L I N – P O L O N I A VOL. X, 1 SECTIO L 2012 Katedra Muzykologii Uniwersytetu Kome skiego w Bratys awie MARTA HULKOVÁ Muzyczne kontakty mi dzy Spiszem a l skiem w XVI i XVII wieku* Music contacts between Spiš and Silesia in the 16th and 17th centuries Wieloletnie, nieprzerwanie prowadzone badania naukowe nad muzyczn przesz o ci S owacji XVI i XVII stulecia ods oni y w ostatnich latach nowe fakty historyczne, które dowodz istnienia o ywionych kontaktów mi dzy Spi

References 1. Adam, T.: Investigation of Tobacco Pyrolysis Gases and Puff-by-puff resolved Cigarette Smoke by Single Photon Ionisation (SPI) - Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (TOFMS); PhD thesis; Technical Uni-versity of Munich (2006) 2. Adam, T., T. Streibel, S. Mitschke, F. Mühlberger, R. R. Baker, and R. Zimmermann: Application of time-of-flight mass spectrometry with laser-based photoioni-zation methods for analytical pyrolysis of PVC and tobacco; J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 74 (2005) 454–464. 3. Adam, T., S. Mitschke, T. Streibel, R. R. Baker, and R. Zimmermann

analysis and typology of losses from disasters in the years 1999-2011 in Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship with special regard to flood]. Wiadomości Melioracyjne i Łąkarskie. Nr 4 p. 170-175. BĄK B. 2006. Wskaźnik standaryzowanego opadu SPI jako kryterium oceny suszy rolniczej na glebach o różnej retencji użytecznej [Standardized Precipitation Index SPI as the criterion of agricultural drought in soils of different water retention capacity]. PhD Thesis. Falenty. IMUZ pp. 160. BOUBACAR I. 2012. The effects of drought on crop yields and yield variability: An economic

., Terassi P.M.B., Silva Junior C.A., Blanco C.J.C., Sobral B.S., Gasparini K.A.C., 2018, Drought severity based on the SPI index and its relation to the ENSO and PDO climatic variability modes in the regions North and Northwest of the State of Rio de Janeiro – Brazil, Atmos. Res. 212: 91–105. Oloruntade A.J., Mohammad T.A., Ghazali A.H., Wayayok A., 2017, Analysis of meteorological and hydrological droughts in the Niger-South Basin, Nigeria, Glob. Planet. Chang. 155: 225–233. Pirnia A., Golshan M., Darabi H., Adamowski J., Rozbeh S., 2018, Using the Mann–Kendall test and