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References [1] AUBIN, J. P.: Cooperative fuzzy games, Math. Oper. Res. 6 (1988), 1-13. [2] AUBIN, J. P.: Mathematical Methods of Game and Economic Theory. (Reprint of the 1982 revised ed.), Dover Publ., Mineola, NY, 2007. [3] ALVAREZ-MOZOS, M.-VAN DEN BRINK, R.-VAN DER LAAN, G.-TEJADA, O.: Share functions for cooperative games with levels structure of cooperation, European J. Oper. Res. 244 (2013), 167-179. [4] AUMANN, R. J.-SHAPLEY, L. S.: Values of Non-Atomic Games. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1974. [5] AUMANN, R.-HART, S. (EDS.): Handbook of Game

References ANNISTE, K., TAMMARU, T., PUNGAS, E. and PAAS, T. (2012). Dynamics of Educational Differences in Emigration from Estonia to the Old EU Member States. Norface Migration Discussion paper No. 2012-17. AZMAT, G., MANNING, A. and VAN REENEN, J. (2007). Privatization, Entry Regulation and the Decline of Labor’s Share of GDP : A Cross-Country Analysis of the Network Industries. CEP Discussion paper No 806, June 2007. BENTOLILA, S., and SAINT-PAUL, G. (2003). Explaining Movements in the Labor Share. BERTHOLD, N., RAINER, F., and THODE, E. (1999). Falling

Science Review , 89(3), 634-647. DOI: 10.2307/2082979 BENTOLILA, S. and SAINT-PAUL, G. (2003). Explaining Movements in the Labor Share, The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics , De Gruyter, 3(1), 1-33, October. BERMAN, E., BOUND, J., and GRILICHES, Z. (1994). Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufacturers, The Quarterly Journal of Economics , 109(2), 367-397. DOI: 10.2307/2118467 BLAU, B. M. (2018). Income inequality, poverty, and the liquidity of stock markets, Journal of Development Economics , 130

–1749. Blanchflower, David G. and Andrew J. Oswald. 2004. Well-Being Over Time in Britain and the USA. Journal of Public Economics 88(7): 1359–1386. Bonsang, Eric. 2009. Does Informal Care From Children to Their Elderly Parents Substitute for Formal Care in Europe? Journal of Health Economics 28(1): 143–154. Borrat-Besson, Carmen, Valérie-Anne Ryser, and Boris Wernli. 2013. Transition Between Frailty States. A European Comparison. Pp. 175–186 in Active Ageing and Solidarity Between Generations in Europe. First Results From SHARE After the Economic Crisis, edited by Axel

References [1] S. Bhoosnurmath, S. R. Kabbur, On entire and meromorphic functions that share one small function with their differential polynomial , Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Int. J. Analysis, 2013, Article ID 926340. [2] K. S. Charak, B. Lal, Uniqueness of p ( f ) and P [ f ], Turk. J. Math., vol. 40, 2016, 569–581. [3] W. K. Hayman, Meromorphic function , Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964. [4] I. Lahiri, B. Pal, Uniqueness of meromorphic functions with their homogeneous and linear differential polynomials sharing a small function , Bull. Korean Math

References Anselin, L. (1988). Spatial econometrics: methods and models . Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Antczak, E., Żółtaszek, A. (2010). Przestrzenno-czasowe analizy zróżnicowania wynagrodzeń w Polsce. In: J. Pociecha (ed.), Aktualne zagadnienia modelowania i prognozowania zjawisk społeczno-gospodarczych (pp. 283–298), Studia i prace Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego. Barff, R.A., Prentice, L.K. (1988). Dynamic shift-share analysis. Growth Chang , 19 , 1–10. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.1988.tb00465

, J. (2000). Regional Convergence in Europe and the Industry Mix: a Shift-share Analysis. Regional Science and Urban Economics , 30, 353-364. Ezcurra, R., Gil, C., Pascual, P. & Rapún, M. (2005). Regional Inequality in the European Union: Does Industry Mix Matter? Regional Studies , 39.6 (August), 679-697. Hailstones, T. J. & Mastrianna, F. V. (1985). Contemporary Economic Problems and Issues (7th ed.). Cincinnati: South-Western Publishing Co. Hultberg, P. T., Nadiri, M. I. & Sickles, R. C. (2004). Cross-country Catch-up in the Manufacturing Sector: Impacts of

Mitarbeiterbeteiligung. Working paper of the German Union Association. Berlin. Keef, S. P. (1998). The causal association between employee share ownership and attitudes. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 36(1), 73-82, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8543.00080 Kruse, D. L., Blasi, J. R., & Park, R. (2008). Shared capitalism in the U.S. economy? Prevalence, characteristics, and employee views of financial participation in enterprises. NBER Working paper, 14225. Cambridge. Kuvaas, B. (2003). Employee ownership and affective organizational commitment. Scandinavian Journal of

Abstract

According to The Act No. 21 of 2008 concerning Islamic Banking in Indonesia, the conventional banks are obligated to spun-off their Islamic business units after achieving a certain set of requirements. The spin-off requirements are: (i) reach 50% market share asset of its parents; or (ii) 15 years after the implementation of the Islamic Banking Act. This study emphasizes the impact of Islamic banks' spin-off on market share. The method used in this study is a difference in difference analysis. This technique is a quasi-experiment separate into two groups, such as the treatment groups (four spin-offs' banks) and control group (two fullfledged Islamic banks). This study used quarterly data from 2005 until 2016. The results show that, first, there is a difference in the Islamic banks' market share between pre- and post-spinoff. Second, there is a difference in the market share of spin-offs' banks between pre- and postspin- off. Third, there are there external factors that can affect the Islamic banks' market share, i.e., inflation rate, interest rate, and economic growth rate. The paper is a useful source of information that may provide relevant guidelines in helping the future development of spin-off activity in Islamic banking industry. The finding could be helpful for policymakers to create a supporting strategy to accelerate the development of Islamic banking industry. This result also could be of use for Islamic banking industries in other countries.

Abstract

The dominant part in the mental calculation of the day of the week for any given date is to determine the year share, that is, the contribution of the two-digit year part of the date. This paper describes a number of year share computation methods, some well-known and some new. The “Parity Minus 3” method, in particular, is a new alternative to the popular “Odd+11” method. The paper categorizes the methods of year share computation, and presents simpler proofs of their correctness than usually provided.