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The knowledge of road traffic parameters is of crucial importance to ensure state-of-the-art traffic services either in public or private transport. In our days, a plethora of road traffic data are continuously collected producing historical and real-time traffic information as well. The available information, however, arrive from inhomogeneous sensor systems. Therefore, a data fusion methodology is proposed based on Switching Kalman Filter. The concept enables efficient travel time estimation for urban road traffic network. On the other hand, the method may contribute to a better macroscopic traffic modelling.


Reliable road traffic state identification systems should be designed to provide accurate traffic state information anywhere and anytime. In this paper we propose a road traffic classification system, based on traffic variables estimated using the second order Divided Difference Kalman Filter (DDKF2). This filter is compared with the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) using both simulated and real-world dataset of highway traffic. Monte-Carlo simulations indicate that the DDKF2 outperforms the EKF filter in terms of parameters estimation error. The real-word evaluation of the DDKF2 filter in terms of classification rate confirms that this filter is promising for real-world traffic state identification systems.