Meriem Bencharif, Ibrahim Sersar, Maroua Bentaleb, Fatima Zohra Boutata and Youcef Benabbas
1. Héliniak E, Chambin O, Sari H, Michiels Y, Pillon F . Diabète et Ramadan, une pratique à risque. Actualités pharmaceutiques 54(547): 48-52, 2015.
2. Hassanein M, Al-Arouj M, Hamdy O et al . Diabetes and Ramadan: Pratical guidelines. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 126: 303-16, 2017.
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Ghania Tiboura, Boumediene Meghit Khaled, Mustapha Diaf, Sarah Semeria and Ghizlane Bouanani
1. Trepanowski JF, Bloomer RJ. The impact of religious fasting on human health. Nutr J 9:57, 2010.
2. Hui E, Devendra D. Diabetes and fasting during Ramadan. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 26: 606-610, 2010.
3. Benaji B, Mounib N, Roky R et al. Diabetes and Ramadan: review of the literature. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 73(2):117-125, 2006.
4. Khaled MB, Belbraouet S. Ramadan fasting diet entailed a lipid metabolic disorder among type 2 diabetic obese women. Am J Appl Sci 6: 471-477, 2009
Afifi ZEM. Daily practices, study performance and health during the Ramadan fast. JR Soc Health, 1997; 117: 231-235
Bigard AX, Boussif M, Chalabi H, Guezennec CY. Alterations in muscular performance and orthostatic tolerance during Ramadan. Aviat Space Envir Md, 1998; 69: 341-346
Bogdan A, Bouchareb B, Touitou Y. Ramadan fasting alters endocrine and neuroendocrine circadian patterns. Meal-time as a synchronizer in humans? Life Sci, 2001; 68: 1607
Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas
1. Hassanein M, Al-Arouj M, Hamdy O et al. Diabetes and Ramadan: Practical guidelines. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 126: 303-316, 2017.
2. Watkins PJ, Amiel SA, Howell SL, Turner E . In: Diabetes and its Management . Blackwell Publishing Ltd (Ed). Great Britain, 2003.
3. Codario RA . In: Type 2 Diabetes, Pre-Diabetes, and the Metabolic Syndrome: The Primary Care Guide to Diagnosis and Management . Humana press (Ed). USA, 2005.
4. Karaağaoğlu N, Yücecan S . Some behavioural changes observed among fasting subjects, their
Relevance of RamadanRamadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, referred to as the Holy Month. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five religious duties of adult Moslems. Moslems who participate will abstain from eating, drinking and smoking during the day from sunrise to sundown. During Ramadan, all wrongdoings including self-destructive behaviour and anger towards others are prohibited. Moslems with severe diseases can refrain from fasting during Ramadan. However, it may not be clear to doctors who is fit or unfit for
This study tries to identify, classify, describe and find out the causes of the morphological errors made by the fourth year university students majoring in English in Jordan. The students who participated in the study were 20 students from Al–Zaytoonah Private University of Jordan. The procedure followed was essay writing. After analyzing the errors, the study shows that (a) the students’ competence in English morphology is poor and (b) The errors are caused by some factors such as the inconsistency in English as well as misapplication of rules. Interference and overgeneralization are also other causes. Since the course of morphology is selective in the university plan, it is also considered as an important cause. In order to reduce their errors, the researcher has suggested some remedies.
Shawky R., 2018: Effect of edaphic factors on vegetation zonation in some littoral and inland salt marshes of Egypt. - Botanica, 24(2): 202-210. The segregation of a few dominant plant species into distinctive zones is characteristic of salt marshes. Vegetation zonation was investigated in the littoral salt marshes (South Marsa Alam region) and the inland salt marshes (Wadi El-Natrun region) of Egypt. Twenty taxa belonging to 18 genera and 11 families were recorded and classified into two sets at the two studied sites and subdivided into four groups by TWINSPAN, according to a relevance value: group A) co-dominated by Juncus acutus and Juncus rigidus; B) - dominated by Aeluropus lagopoides; C, D) - Limonium axillare. The analysis of species diversity in the inland salt marshes as well as the Shannon and the Simpson indices showed the highest species richness compared to that in the littoral salt marshes. The soil of the inland salt marshes was characterized by high percentages of silt, clay, also the soluble anion SO4-2was the highest. While the most effective factor in the littoral salt marshes was EC, sand fractions, moisture content, soluble cations as Na+, Ca+2, soluble anions as Cl-, organic matter and CaCO3. The proximity matrix between the two types of salt marshes indicated that they were different, except for the stands of Juncus rigidus, the elucidation distance was the smallest and they were similar together.
Ibrahim M. El-Metwally, Ramadan. E. Abdelraouf, Mohamed A. Ahmed, Oussama Mounzer, Juan José Alarcón and Magdi T. Abdelhamid
.W. – BARKER, R. – MOLDEN, D. (Eds.) Water productivity in agriculture: limits and opportunities for improvement . CAB International. pp. 179–198.
OUDA, S.A. 2006. Predicting the effect of water and salinity stresses on wheat yield and water needs. In Journal of Applied Sciences Research , vol. 2 , pp. 750–756. http://www.aensiweb.com/old/jasr/jasr_october_2006.html .
PASSIOURA, J.B. – ANGUS, J.F. 2010. Improving productivity of crops in water-limited environments. In Advances in Agronomy, vol. 106 , pp. 37–75.
RAMADAN, A.R. – AWAAD, S.S. 2008
Ramadan Kryeziu, Bahtijar Berisha, Sakip Imeri and Mustafe Hasani
Since the goal of tax system is based on self-declaration and voluntary compliance, with this study we intend to know on “Taxpayers’ Perceptions with regard of Tax Administration of Kosovo. We believe that most effective way to keep and enhance the voluntary compliance is through mutual trust and respect between TAK and Kosovo taxpayers.” This is the reason for the study and making recommendations on findings with a special emphasis on improvements of TAK services for the public, in order to fulfill expectations and to provide taxpayers with services they deserve. This work aims to identify the weaknesses and short-falls. Based on findings of this work through the survey with Kosovo taxpayers, we will recommend our ideas in order for the taxpayers to enjoy their legal rights and we will not allow for these rights to be violated in any form.
Gabriella Rétháti, Adrienn Vejzer, Barbara Simon, Ramadan Benjared and György Füleky
Organic matter input into soils is essential regarding agricultural, environmental and soil science aspects as well. However, the application of the pyrolysed forms of biochars and materials with different organic matter content gained more attention in order to decrease the emission of the green house gases (CO2, N2O) from the soil. During pyrolysis, the materials containing high organic matter (biomass-originated organic matter) are heated in oxygen-free (or limited amount of oxygen) environment. As a result, the solid phase, which remains after eliminating the gases and liquid phase, is more stable compared to the original product, it cannot be mineralized easily in the soil and its utilization is more beneficial in terms of climatic aspects. Furthermore, it can improve soil structure and it can retain soil moisture and cations in the topsoil for long periods of time, which is very important for plants. In our experiment, the effects of biochar and bone char were examined on soils by zinc adsorption experiments. Based on our experiments, we concluded that the pyrolysis products can have significant Zn adsorption capacity compared to the soil. Bone ash can adsorb more Zn than the charcoal product. The Zn adsorption capacity of soils treated by pyrolysis products can be described by Langmuir adsorption isotherms. However, based on the amount of pyrolysis products, one or two term Langmuir isotherm fits well on the experiment data, which depends on the time the pyrolysis product has spent in the soil.