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From Public Service Broadcasting to Soci(et)al TV
Producers’ Perceptions of Interactivity and Audience Participation in Finland and Israel

Introduction The digitalisation of media technologies has resulted in changes to various levels of television culture. In addition to enabling technological convergence, digitisation has also brought about cultural transformations, such as the blurring of the traditional spheres of production and consumption. As a result, television companies – commercial broadcasters as well as public service broadcasters (PSBs) – are increasingly adopting multi-platform practices that enable interactivity and audience participation. Broadcasting company managers and

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The Legitimacy of Public Service Broadcasting in the 21st Century: The Case of Scandinavia

References Bardoel, J. and d’Haenens, L. (2008) ‘Reinventing Public Service Broadcasting in Europe: Prospects, Promises and Problems’. Media, Culture and Society 30(3): 337-355. Born, G. (2005) ‘Digitising Democracy’, The Political Quarterly , 76 (issue supplement s1): 102-123. Carey, J.W. (1993) ‘The Mass Media and Democracy: Between the Modern and the Postmodern’, Journal of International Affairs , 47(1), 1-21. Carlsson, U. (ed.) (2013) Public Service Media from a Nordic Horizon. Politics, Markets, Programming and Users . Gothenburg: Nordicom

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The role of Public Service Motivation and Organizational Culture for Organizational Commitment

References 1. Allen, C. (2000), The hidden organizational costs of using nonstandard employment . Personnel Review, 29(2). 2. Anderfuhren-Biget, S., Varone, F., Giauque, D. Ritz, A. (2010), Motivating employees of the public sector: Does Public Service Motivation matter? , International Public Management Journal, 13(3). 3. Bańka A., Bazińska R., Wołoska A (2002), Polska wersja Meyera i Alen Skali Przywiązania do Organizacji , Czasopismo Psychologiczne , 8 p. 65-74. 4. Barney, J.B. (1986), Organizational culture: can it be a source of

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The Problem Solving Management Process And The Best Practice Of The National University Of Public Service

References [1] Leader - it means law enforcement and military commander – remarks of the author [2] Principles and Practices of Organizational Performance Exellence Thomas J Cartin ISBN 0-87389-428-6 USA Milwaukee, Visconsin 53202; Out of the Crisis by W Edwards Deming. Cambrige, MA 02139. p:322-323 [3] State Reform Operative Program - 2.2.21, Knowledge-based Public Service Careers. The Civil Service Practice Concept and Development of the Task - Launcher, NUPS, Vice Rector for Education’s Office, Budapest, Ludovika tér 2. 2013

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Reforming the Irish public service: A multiple streams perspective

References Bideleux, R. (2011). Contrasting responses to the international economic crisis of 2008-2010 in the 11 CIS countries and in the 10 post-communist EU member countries. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 27 (3-4), 338-63. Boyle, R. (2014). Public sector reform in Ireland: Views and experiences from senior executives [State of the Public Service Series, Report no. 13]. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration. Cairney, P. (2012) Understanding public policy: Theories and issues

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Public Service Broadcasting as an Object for Cultural Policy in Norway and Sweden
A Policy Tool and an End in Itself

. Great Britain: The Loeb Classical Library. Bardoel, J. and d’Haenens, L. (2008) ‘Reinventing Public Service Broadcasting in Europe: Prospects, Promises and Problems’, Media, Culture and Society 30(3): 337-355. Bengtsson, H. A. (2002) ‘Aristokratisk eller folkligt demokrati’, in Bengtsson, H. A. (ed.) Folkbildning i vår tid. En antologi om makt og demokrati. Stockholm: Atlas. Carlsson, U. (ed.) (1999) Public Service-TV. Göteborg: Nordicom. Carlsson, U. (ed.) (2009) ’Naobolands-TV i en digital tidsalder. Rapport från Nordiskt Kulturforum 29

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The influence of age factors on the reform of the public service of Ukraine

conditions for an active exchange of knowledge in the processes of work ( Karkovska and Vasiunyk, 2016 ). The public sphere is no exception; on the contrary, it is extremely necessary therein. Since the effectiveness of public administration depends on achieving the best results at optimal costs, the state authorities must build a professional, prestigious, motivated public service – oriented to a new generation – accordingly ( Hora, 2018 ). The main mistake within both private and public structures is the use of template training for employees, which is based

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What Drives Politicians to Run for Office: Money, Fame or Public Service?

Paper 007–009. Messner, Matthias and Mattias Polborn. 2004. “Paying Politicians.” J ournal of Public Economics 88, 2423–2445. Miles, Matthew B., A. Michael Huberman and Johnny Saldana. 2013. Q ualitative Data Analysis. 3 rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. O’Riordan, Joanna. 2013. P ublic Service Motivation. S tate of the Public Service Series, Ireland: Institute of Public Administration. Patton, M. 1990. Q ualitative Evaluation and Research Methods, pp. 169–186. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications. Perry, James L., Annie

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Outsourcing of Public-Services - Forms and Limitations

Outsourcing of Public-Services - Forms and Limitations

Purpose of the article is to show how public services can be outsourced from communities and what legal, organizational or other limitations may have to be taken into account.

Methodology used for this article is literature research, analysis and comparison. An in-depth look into the present status of research and literature will be interconnected to the basic research in this matter that has been done from the 1970's to the 1990's.

Scientific aim is to show the potential of the process as being important and helpful in creating better community-service and meanwhile relieve the communities from organizational and financial burdens that are more difficult to carry than ever before.

Findings are that we have to determine between the different municipal economic activities and the legal basis of these activities. The intervening public-service is a prominent example for the restrictive regulatory system it is set in but also is seen as having a big potential for cooperation and outsourcing by contracting-out. Contrary to that the service-rendering public-service is less regulated and more open to a market approach.

There are different spheres for these economic activities to take place. Different reasons for outsourcing depend on the specific sphere a certain task belongs to and can include economic, fiscal and political aspects. Two big groups of tasks are annex-tasks from within the public-service and characteristic public-services. There can be outsourcing by commissioning or by using submissions.

With different legal forms of the outsourced entities and the legal limits that are set for every different kind of structure, it is clear that there is no solution that always fits all the needs and that this has to be carefully taken into account.

Conclusions are that there is a high potential and big successes when outsourcing is done well planned and as a strategic activity. A number of legal issues and other limitations always has to be respected.

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The Financial-Economic Aspect of the Media and the Public Service in the Globalization Era (Budget and Ownership Framework)

Abstract

This study deals with influence of globalization on the economic aspect of the media. Financing the media and the issue of ownership over them represents the fundamental framework on which basis the media work and direct their editorial policy. Principle position implies that owners of the media use power of media to promote their economic, political, cultural and other stances. A particular issue, especially in European countries in transition, represents the financing of public service, as a socially beneficial good. Many commercial media, on the basis of their financial and political power, are trying to diminish or discredit the power and role of the public service. Former socialist countries, now countries in transition, seek from their national budgets to maintain this kind of informing, that is, the public interest, education and promoting cultural values. The era of globalization brought, as one of its negative traits, the domination of profit over culture, education, and even over the right to have quality informing. So the mass media have become a sort of hostage of confrontation of different political and economic interests, which reflects on the quality of media content that strive towards sensationalism, advertocracy, tabloidization. Based on the case study of Montenegro, as a country in transition, the development of mass media is shown, including their financing, ownership structure, and profit.

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