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An Automatic Method to Identify Citations to Journals in News Stories: A Case Study of UK Newspapers Citing Web of Science Journals



Communicating scientific results to the public is essential to inspire future researchers and ensure that discoveries are exploited. News stories about research are a key communication pathway for this and have been manually monitored to assess the extent of press coverage of scholarship.


To make larger scale studies practical, this paper introduces an automatic method to extract citations from newspaper stories to large sets of academic journals. Curated ProQuest queries were used to search for citations to 9,639 Science and 3,412 Social Science Web of Science (WoS) journals from eight UK daily newspapers during 2006–2015. False matches were automatically filtered out by a new program, with 94% of the remaining stories meaningfully citing research.


Most Science (95%) and Social Science (94%) journals were never cited by these newspapers. Half of the cited Science journals covered medical or health-related topics, whereas 43% of the Social Sciences journals were related to psychiatry or psychology. From the citing news stories, 60% described research extensively and 53% used multiple sources, but few commented on research quality.

Research Limitations

The method has only been tested in English and from the ProQuest Newspapers database.

Practical implications

Others can use the new method to systematically harvest press coverage of research.


An automatic method was introduced and tested to extract citations from newspaper stories to large sets of academic journals.

Open access
Biobanks and Public Health: A New Challenge for Public Engagement and Trust


Modem biobanks should be considered as important structural platforms for sharing samples and data, providing benefits that go beyond those of a single study. To increase the impact of biobanking on feasible strategies to protect and improve peoples’ health, it could be useful to increase awareness about biobank research potential in the scientific community, as well as to promote collaboration among different fields of expertise. The basis for involvement of biobanks in public health has already been partly built up, emphasising the synergy in organising efforts and the openness to infrastructure collaboration, to ensure reliable long-term funding and resource sharing to the benefit of all. To obtain the maximum benefits possible from biobanks, which currently constitute a set of heterogeneous structures, a strategy of coordinated governance is needed, based on harmonisation of different aspects, built on the consensus of all stakeholders involved and society in general. It is important that researchers strive to understand public attitudes in this biobanking involvement so that the relationships between public trust in biobanking, donors’ behaviours and support for public-health involvement in the health-care system can be better understood.

Open access
The Use of the Twitter in Public Benefit Organisations in Poland: How Communicative Function of Tweets Translates Into Audience Reaction?

function of the content published on Twitter and how it translates into public engagement. Using the typology originally developed by Lovejoy and Saxton (2012) , modified for the needs of this research, the following research questions were formulated: What is the function of the content published on Twitter? Does the size of the organisation influence the primary microblogging functions? Does the function performed by a tweet affect audience engagement? 2 Literature review The right to receive 1% income tax from individual persons means that an

Open access
Crowdsourcing-Based Geoinformation, Disadvantaged Urbanisation Challenges, Subsaharan Africa: Theoretical Perspectives and Notes

order. Development dialogue. Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, Uppsala: 14-15. Kleeman F., Voss G.G., Rider K., 2008. Un(der)paid innovators: The commercial utilisation of consumer work through crowdsourcing. Science, Technology and Innovation Studies 4(1) 2008: 5-26. Lauriault T.P., Mooney P., 2014. Crowdsourcing: A geographic approach to public engagement. The Programmable City Working Paper 6 (available at Monmonier M., 2009. (M)ap. In: Gregory D., Johnson R., Pratt G., Watts M., Whatmore S

Open access
The rhetoric and reality of public participation in planning

accepted as an essential requirement of planning there is limited literature which considers the effectiveness of participation in practice’. The present research contributes detailed insight into the effectiveness of public participation in planning by undertaking an analysis of the principles, practice, problems and prospects for public engagement in land use planning in Scotland. The research focuses on the particular issue of contested residential development in a metropolitan greenbelt environment, and employs a combined methodology comprising examination of local

Open access
Towards Building an European Common Reference Framework for University Social Responsibility


EU-USR project ( was conceived as a response to the policy priority of the European Commission about the need for a common social responsibility strategy for all European universities. In this context, the EU-USR project creates a European model to enhance social responsibility of universities in a long-term perspective. To this end, the project uses a bottom-up approach by collecting examples of good practice from across Europe and using these to help inform the development, piloting and validation of a set of completely new benchmark standards. These standards are providing a Common Reference Framework for University Social Responsibility across the European Higher Education Area that is consistent with USR being a Core Competence of European universities by covering the following four areas: Research, Teaching, Support for Learning and Public Engagement.

Open access
Showrooms as a Window to Science Based Innovation

R eferences [1] Priest, S.H., “Reinterpreting the audiences for media messages about science,” Holliman, R., et al . (eds.) Investigating Science Communication in the Information Age: Implications for Public Engagement and Popular Media, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 223–236, 2009. [2] Besson, J., Woronowicz, T., Mitasiunas, A., Boronowsky, M., “Innovation, Knowledge- and Technology Transfer Process Capability Model – innoSPICE TM ,” The Proc. of the 12th Int. Conf ., SPICE 2012, Palma, Spain, May 29–31, 2012, Software Process Improvement

Open access
Participation of Society in Civil Protection Operations: Review of a 10 Years European Experience

practices regarding volunteering. The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law 9, pp. 37-58. HELSLOOT, Ira, RUITENBERG, Arnout (2004). Citizen response to disasters: a survey of literature and some practical implications. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 12, pp. 98-111. IRVIN, Renee-Anne, STANSBURY, John (2007). Citizen Participation in Decision-Making: Is it Worth the Effort? University of Nebraska. OECD (2009). Focus on citizens public engagement for better policy and services. OECD. Paris

Open access
Panel Discussion I. Media Economy and Democracy. Research on Media and Democracy
Reflections on Changes and Challenges

. London: London School of Economics and Political Science. Couldry, N., Livingstone, S., & Markham, T. (2007) Media Consumption and Public Engagement: Beyond the Presumption of Attention. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Dahlgren, P. (ed.) (2007) Young Citizens and New Media. New York: Routledge. Dahlgren, P., & Olsson, T. (2006) ‘Facilitating Political Participation: Young Citizens, Internet and Civic Cultures’, in S. Livingstone & K. Drotner (eds.), International Handbook of Children, Media and Culture. London: Sage

Open access
Can Counter Histories Disturb the Present? Repohistory’s Street Signs Projects, 1992–1999

Emancipation(s) , edited by Ernesto Laclau. London: Verso, 2007. 20–35. Laclau, Ernesto. The Rhetorical Foundations of Society . London: Verso, 2014. Lucy Lippard, “Anti-Amnesia” in REPOhistory, The Lower Manhattan Sign Project. New York: REPOhistory, 1993. 4–7. “Marking LGBT History in the Village and Beyond: A Panel Discussion with REPOhistory.” Filmed June 22, 2016 at an event co-sponsored by the School of Public Engagement and the Vera List Center for Art and Politics. . Mosès, Stéphane. The Angel

Open access