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Zakładu Zoologii UMCS w Lublinie. Wiad. ent. 21: 5-10. 15. Buczyński P. 2003. Ważki (Odonata) Parku Krajobrazowego Pojezierza Iławskiego. Rocz. nauk. Pol. Tow. Ochr. Przyr. „Salamandra” 7: 65-85. 16. Buczyński P. 2004a. Coenagrion armatum (Charpentier, 1840), łątka zielona. In: Z. Głowaciński, J. Nowacki (eds). Polska czerwona księga zwierząt, Bezkręgowce. Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN, Akademia Rolnicza im. A. Cieszkowskiego, Kraków-Poznań, pp.: 52-54. 17. Buczyński P. 2004b. Ważki (Odonata) Poleskiego Parku Narodowego i jego otuliny: nowe dane i podsumowanie badań z


A larva of the Oriental dragonfly Crocothemis servilia was found in June 2012 in a pet shop in Lublin and brought up to the imago. This is the first record of this kind in Poland. There is evidence that the species was introduced with aquarium plants.

opracowany w ramach przygotowania Założeń Rozwoju Polski Zachodniej, GEOPROFIT, Warszawa. 4. Dziemianowicz W., Szlachta J. (2011b), Raport metodyczny dotyczący identyfikacji i analizy potencjałów rozwojowych Polski Zachodniej - Polska Zachodnia 2020, GEOPROFIT, Warszawa. 5. Europa 2020. Strategia na rzecz inteligentnego i zrównoważonego rozwoju sprzyjającego włączeniu społecznemu, Komunikat Komisji, Komisja Europejska, Bruksela, KOM(2010) 2020. 6. Europe 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, Communication from the Commission to the European Council


The aim of this study was to recognize features determining social hierarchy in Wrzosówka Polska ewes kept indoors as well as to investigate their resting place and companionship preferences. Observations (156 hours in total) were carried out in a group of 22 ewes. The social rank of sheep was determined by their age, body weight and length of horns. Social position was positively correlated with aggressive behaviour performed and negatively with aggressive behaviour received. Use of space while resting was influenced by ewe social behaviour; aggressive individuals lied more often in attractive places, namely against walls and fodder troughs compared to other animals. In general, the ewes rested by having physical contact with animals of similar rank and aggressiveness. Kinship appeared not to be important in neighbour preference. As can be concluded, social interactions influenced the use of space and neighbourhood in ewes


The article presents the results of life cycle assessment of different scenarios of biomass use to produce energy in a selected company. The study is made on the case of Lesaffre Polska S.A. and its facility in Wolczyn which is one of the most modern biomass plants in Central Europe. The company is one of the leaders of using the environmental criteria in its strategic decision-making. Its goal is to avoid any waste and to form its own circular business system. One of its recent investments is a biomass fired steam boiler that uses agricultural and woody biomass to produce energy. Previously, biomass was sold to power plant and co-fired with coal. The scope of the paper is to assess the actual change in the environmental impact of biomass use in the Wolczyn facility. For that purpose, the life cycle assessment is used with the ReCiPe endpoint indicator. The assessment is based on the comparison of two scenarios: one assuming the biomass combustion in a new boiler, and the second one, assuming co-firing biomass with coal. The results of the study show that the investment is making a significant difference as far as the overall environmental impact is. Through avoiding the co-firing related emissions the company makes a big step ahead towards the decrease of their environmental impacts. The analysis shows that the significant impact in the co-firing scenario is posed in such categories as fossil depletion, climate change with impacts on human health and on ecosystems, particulate matter formation and agricultural land occupation. In the biomass combustion scenario, the above categories are complemented with metal depletion, natural land transformation, urban land occupation and human toxicity categories but with 4 times decrease of the overall impact. The study also shows that the change of the combustion system makes the most significant difference, while all the other factors, like biomass cultivation and processing, biomass transport have much lesser impact.


The neutron activation analysis procedure was used to determine the concentration of 42 elements: Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Nb, Mo, I, Ag, Cd, Sb, Ba, Cs, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb, Hf, Ta, W, Au, Hg, Th, and U accumulated in mosses sampled for testing in September and October 2011 in the Opole Province (Southern Poland). Samples of different moss species were collected near the intersections of the grid lines marked on the map of the province. The distance between the points was approximately 20 km. The analysis of the results made it possible to identify the places of increased deposition of element-pollutants and to indicate the potential sources of emission. Factor analysis revealed four components, two of which are of definite anthropogenic origin. The possible sources of elements are local industry and farming, and distant heavy industry complexes. The results have demonstrated the increased content of Cr, Cd, Hg, and U in moss samples collected in agricultural areas located in the southern part of the province. It has been concluded that the industrial areas of Rybnik and Ostrava and Karvina Coal Basin may be the potential source of emission of these elements.

References Burda A., Odbudowa państwowości polskiej. Zasady prawne nowego ustroju [ Rebuilding of the Polish state. Te rules of the new system ], [in:] Krajowa Rada Narodowa, A. Burda (ed.), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1976, p. 32-33. Gawenda J. A., Legalizm Polski w świetle prawa publicznego [ Polish legalism in the light of public law ], Londyn 1959. Gomułka W., Pamiętniki [ Mémoires ], Warszawa 1994, Vol II. Gontarczyk P., Polska Partia Robotnicza. Droga do władzy 1941-1944 [ Polish Workers Party. Te road to the power 1941-1944 ] Warszawa 2003

. Częstochowa: Wydawnictwo WSP. Margasiński, A. (2006). Rodzina w Modelu Kołowym i FACES IV Davida H. Olsona. W: Nowiny Psychologiczne, 4, 69-89. Margasiński, A. (2009). Skale Oceny Rodziny. Polska adaptacja FACES IV – Flexibility and Cohesion Evaluation Scales Davida H. Olsona. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych. Margasiński, A. (2010). Rodzina alkoholowa z uzależnionym w leczeniu . Kraków: OW Impuls. Olson, D.H., Gorall, D.M. (2003). Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems. in: F. Walsh (ed.) Normal Family Processes (3 rd Ed). New York: Guilford, s


The aim of this paper is to analyse and evaluate the consequences of the establishment of free movement of capital between Poland and the other EU Member States, from the perspective of ten years of Poland’s EU membership. Special attention is paid to the role of intra-EU foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into the Polish economy. The widening of the European Union (EU) in 2004 spurred massive and serious legal and economic adjustment processes in the new EU Member States. The free movement of capital is one part of the socalled ‘four freedoms’ within the single European market, and needed to be established in the relations between the EU-15 and new EU Member States. The new EU Member States were granted a relatively short period of time to make those adjustments. However, the establishment of the free movement of capital between Poland and the rest of the EU did not cause disturbances in its economy. In fact it stabilized some spheres of its economic and social life. The intra-EU FDI inflows may be seen as having facilitated the restructuring processes in the Polish economy. The role of foreign investors in employment and foreign trade is decisive for the stabilization of Poland’s economic situation. The involvement of foreign investors in innovation processes, although growing, has not radically changed Poland’s position in this field. According to the EU innovativeness rankings, Poland belongs to the rank of modest innovators.

Polish minority in Bela- rus, or non-compliance by Lithuania with international obligations to the rights of Poles living in that country. Awareness of the seriousness of the events east of the Bug prompts Polish politicians and Polska i jej wschodni sąsiedzi, edit. Bogumił Grott, Olgierd Grott, Wydawnictwo von Borowiecky, Warszawa 2016, pp. 450 Polska i jej wschodni sąsiedzi, red. Bogumił Grott, Olgierd Grott, Wydawnictwo von Borowiecky, Warszawa 2016, ss. 450 466 Reviews / Recenzje Przegląd Narodowościowy / Review of Nationalities nr 7/2017 researchers to