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manufacturing environment, WSEAS International Conference on Industrial and Manufacturing Technologies (INMAT13), p. 202 - 205. Nataraj, K. (2013) How to Use Poka-Yoke (Mistake Proofing) Technique to Improve Software Quality. Available at Ramin, S.; et. al. (2011) Improving Productivity through Mistake-proofing of Construction Processes, CSIT International Conference on Intelligent Building and Management, vol. 5, p. 280 - 284, Singapore. Robinson, H. (1997) Using Poka-Yoke Techniques for Early Defect Detection, Sixth

, S.A., Nordin, N.N., Hisjam, M., 2017. Errors prevention in manufacturing process through integration of Poka Yoke and TRIZ . p. 020025, Hines, P., Rich, N., 1997. The seven value stream mapping tools . Int. J. Oper. Prod. Manag. 17, 46–64, Ingaldi, M., Dziuba, S.T., Cierniak-Emerych, A., 2018. Analysis of problems during implementation of Lean Manufacturing elements . MATEC Web Conf. 183, 01004, Kleszcz, D., 2018. Barriers and

eliminate the root cause of defects in a process, thereby improving the overall quality of the outcomes; Control: the methodology and results of each stage are clearly spelt out in sufficient detail to allow the replication in future processes to identify and correct early errors and prevent a financial loss due to defects in the yield. At this stage, Six Sigma tools of poka yoke, statistical process and quality control charts, and control plan were used. 3 Research results Stage 1 — Define: the key aim of this phase was to mutually agree on a clear and concise problem


The Lean concept is recognisable by how fast innovations are implemented and production processes are improved. Likewise, analysis of the implementation of Lean concepts so far has shown that Lean methods and tools cannot be applied to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the same measure as they can be applied to large enterprises.

This paper aims to present a critical review of the implementation of Lean concepts in SMEs with the claim that Lean concept can be successfully applied in all branches of industry, provided that the Lean concept is fully understood, and it’s meaning, principles and practice. Given that SMEs have limited resources, they often face difficulties during the implementation of all Lean tools and methods.

Depending on the type of improvement in Kaizen activities, the Poka Yoke and Jidoka tools should be applied. Every improvement in the production process needs to be standardised as soon as possible so that the processes can become more continuous and efficient.


The increase in competitiveness between production enterprises results from the contemporary conditions of the global economy. Technical progress, globalization and constantly increasing customer requirements contribute to the development of organizational and business management techniques. The improvement of production is currently accompanied by modern tools and methods of Lean Manufacturing concepts such as: SMED, 5S, Kaiznen, Kanban, Poka-Yoke etc. The SMED method plays an important role in improving production processes. It also affects the reduction of losses and wastage, increase of value for stakeholders (especially for customers), as well as better motivation for employees. Thanks to the SMED method, the production company is able to achieve greater efficiency and productivity, as well as the high quality of products and services provided.

References ANDRÁSSYOVÁ, Z. - HRUBEC, J. - KOTUS, M. - DAŇKO, M. 2011. Application of method Poka Yoke in quality control. In Contemporary Aspects of Production Engineering. Warszawa : Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 2011. pp. 13-18. ISBN 978-83-928072-9-2. BURDA, M. - ČIČO, P. - KOTUS, M. - DAŇKO, M. 2011. The risk assessment by FMEA at workplace. In Processes Improvement (Monography: Borkowski, S. - Stasiak-Betlejewska, R.). Trnava : Tripsoft, 2011. pp. 116-125. ISBN 978-80-89291-40-3. KAPLÍK, P. - BURDA, M. - KORENKO, M. 2010. Zlepšovanie kvality vo

formwork. Xuyou, Yang, et al., et al. Hong Kong : The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Researchin Asia, 2017. Protocols, Flows and Glitches, Proceedings of the22ndInternational Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia(CAADRIA). pp. 873-882. 5. Aplicaţii ale sistemelor Poka Yoke în producţia de componente electronice pentru industria auto+. Oprean, Constantin, Kifor, Claudiu Vasile and Magdoiu, Alex. s.l. : Quality - Access to Success, 2011, CNSIS Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 27-32. 6. Miroslava, Klárová. Composite

References ANDRÁSSYOVÁ, Z. - HRUBEC, J. - KOTUS, M. - DAŇKO, M. 2011. Application of method Poka Yoke in quality control. In XXth International Students Scientific Conference : proceedings. Contemporary Aspects of Production Engineering. Warszawa : Warsaw University of Life Sciences, pp. 13-18. ISBN 978-83-928072-9-2. BUJNA, M. - KOTUS, M. - PRÍSTAVKA, M. - FÖLDEŠIOVÁ, D. 2012. Analýza ohrozenia metódou FMEA. In Technika v technológiách agrosektora 2012. Nitra : SPU, s. 32-35. ISBN 978-80-552-0895-4. BUJNA, M. - PRÍSTAVKA, M. - BURDA, M. - ŽITŇÁK, M. 2012. FMECA

References Hinckley MC. Defining the best quality-control systems by design and inspection. Clin Chem 1997; 43: 873-9. Hinckley CM, Barkan P. The role of variation, mistakes, and complexity in producing nonconformities. J Qual Technol 1995; 27: 242-9. Shingo S. Zero quality control: source inspection and the poka-yoke system 1986: 1-60 Productivity Press Cambridge, MA. Lapworth R, Teal TK. Laboratory blunders revisited. Ann Clin Biochem 1994; 31: 78-84. Westgard JO. Six Sigma quality design and control. Madison, WI: Westgard QC, Inc., 2001. Ignjatović S

Reliability Management, Vol.27, no.4, pp. 404-423. 11. Šolc M. (2012). Applying of Method FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis) in the Logistics Process, Advanced Research in Scientific Areas, pp.1906-1911 12. Sutrisno, A., Lee Tzong-Ru. (2011). Service reliability assessment using failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA): survey and opportunity roadmap, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology Vol. 3, No. 7, pp. 25-38 13. Schmidt, S. (2013). Preventive Methods In Logistics Poka-Yoke And Failure Mode And Effect Analysis (FMEA), Acta technica