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New type of ponds? Changing of quantity and function of water bodies in rural built-up areas (Pilsen Region, Czechia)

Abstract

This study is focused on the changing of areas of water bodies in selected villages of the Pilsen Region (Czechia). We researched several different types of rural settlements and three time horizons with the help of old maps, orthophoto maps and GIS tools. To capture the influence of their location within the urban system, we chose 15 places from four categories (inner suburban area, outside suburban area, rural area, periphery rural area) depending on their distance to the core of the Pilsen agglomeration. There is no significant change in the amount of water bodies between the first reference period (1838-1839) and the second period (1957-1963) in the selected settlements. However, the third period (2013-2015) is characterized by the emergence of a large number of small water bodies - swimming pools and garden ponds. Based on the results of our research we identified the declining importance of public water bodies in some of the settlements. However, we have identified a notable prevalence of garden ponds which have a more positive ecological impact than pools. The proportion of private water bodies (covered and uncovered pools and garden ponds) in the total area of water bodies in the rural settlements in most cases is less than 20%, in the suburban settlements up to 100%. Peripheral settlements have a below-average share of these water bodies. The difference between the number of pools in different settlements is related to the proportion of newly built houses there. Although there are relatively fewer pools in rural settlements, the difference compared to the situation in suburban settlements is not pronounced due to the change in lifestyle in rural areas and the change in functions of some villages to recreational areas. Influence of pools on water consumption is dependent on the individual exchange technology of water in swimming pools. Filling of the pool before the season can overload the capacity of the local water supply.

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New records of Sicista betulina in southern Bohemia (Czech Republic) and perspectives of monitoring of its occurrence (Rodentia: Dipodidae)

harvest mouse, Micromys minutus , in an urban environment. Acta Theriologica , 31 : 249–256. E ngleder T. & R oth B., 2006: Ein weiterer Nachweis der Birkenmaus ( Sicista betulina Pallas 1779) im österreichischen Teil des Böhmerwaldes. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Oberösterreichs , 16 : 483–486. G rimmberger E., 2017: Die Säugetiere Mitteleuropas. Beobachten und Bestimmen. Quelle & Meyer Verlag, Wiebelsheim, 695 pp. J ežek P., 2016: Zloději ukradli ochranářům na Šumavě šestinu fotopastí. iDnes Plzeňský Kraj , 19. 12. 2016. URL: https

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Driving Forces Of The Development Of Suburban Landscape – A Case Study Of The Sulkov Site West Of Pilsen

: 1–26. Heilig G. K., 2003. Multifunctionality of Landscapes and Ecosytem Services with Respect to Rural Development. In: Helming, K., Wiggering, H. (eds), Sustainable Development of Multifunctional Landscapes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin: 39–51. Hucl V., 2010. Změna územního plánu obce Líně (Change in the land use plan of the Líně municipality). Online: http://geoportal.plzensky-kraj.cz/gs/uzemni-plany-a-dalsi-nastroje-uzemniho-planovani (accessed 12 May 2014). Jongman R. H. G., 2002. Homogenisation and fragmentation of the European landscape

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Factors of Voluntary Mergers of Municipalities: a case study of the Czech Republic

, Malesice. Dostupné v archivu městského obvodu Plzeň IX. PLZEŇ: Zápis z 39. mimořádného zasedání Zastupitelstva města Plzně. 30.5 2002, Plzeň. Dostupné v archivu obce Plzeň. PLZEŇ: Dohoda o připojení obcí Lhota a Malesice, Plzeň. Dostupné v archivu obce Plzeň. ŠVIHOV: Zápis 24/2001 ze zasedání zastupitelstva města Švihov konaného dne 26. 11. 2001. Švihov. Dostupné v archivu obce Švihov. Periodicals, media, press releases Chrást chystá referendum, jestli bude součástí Plzně. Deník Právo: Plzeňský kraj, 15. 11. 2002 Další obce chtějí

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