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. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber / Eds D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowsky et al. — Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2013. — P. 27–46. Brown, B. V. A fossil Hypocera species (Diptera: Phoridae) and its phylogenetic implications // Studia dipterologica. — 1999. — 6 , H. 2. — P. 273–277. Brown, B. V. A new species of Triphleba (Diptera: Phoridae) with bifurcate antennae from Baltic Amber // Studia dipterologica. — 2003. — 10 , H. 1. — P. 195–197. Brown, B. V. A new Baltic amber Triphleba Rondani with greatly enlarged palpi


A preliminary study on the ecological activities of necrophagous Diptera on a highrise building in Malaysia was conducted from April to August 2010. Fresh chicken livers (approximately 500 g) serving as bait were placed on the rooftop (101.6 m from the ground). Three replicates were carried out, each replicate lasting 30 days with daily observations and fly sampling. Maggots found in the bait were collected at random: some were preserved in 70% ethanol while the others were reared to the adult stage. Results showed that the flies arrived on the bait between 8 hours and 3 days after placement. The oriental latrine blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) was the first to reach this altitude, followed by the scuttle fly Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) and the flesh fly Liopygia ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). The larvae of Chrysomya megacephala were first recovered from the bait. However, they were succeeded by sarcophagid larvae. The predominant sarcophagid larvae were then raised to the adult stage and the resulting adults were identified as Parasarcophaga dux. The other sarcophagid pupae were either parasitized by hymenopteran parasitoids or dead. We recorded two species of parasitoids emerging from Liopygia ruficornis pupae: Exoristobia philippinensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Dirhinus himalayanus (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae). Liopygia ruficornis is recorded as a new host for these parasitoids for the first time.

animals and plants. Vestnik zoologii , 49 (5), 407–412. Perkovsky, E. E., Mostovski, M. B., Henderickx, H. 2015. New Records of the Dipteran Genera Triphleba (Phoridae) and Prosphyracephala (Diopsidae) in Rovno and Baltic Ambers. Vestnik zoologii , 49 (3), 245–250. Perkovsky, E. E., Rasnitsyn, A. P., Vlaskin, A. P., Taraschuk, M. V. 2007. A Comparative Analysis of the Baltic and Rovno Amber Arthropod Faunas: Representative Samples. African Invertebrates, 48 (1), 229–245. Perkovsky, E. E., Sukhomlin, E. B. 2015. New Late Eocene blackflies (Diptera, Simuliidae

). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences , 6: 485–494. S orensen , M.A., C hase -D unn , C.M., T rumble , J.T., 2009. Chronic exposure to elevated levels of manganese and nickel is not harmful to a cosmopolitan detritivore, Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae). Insect Science , 165: 73–79. S pehar , R.L., A nderson , R.L., F iandt , J.T., 1978. Toxicity and bioaccumulation of cadmium and lead in aquatic invertebrates. Environmental Pollution , 15: 195–208. T abak , L.M., G ibbs , K.E., 1991. Effects of aluminum, calcium and low pH on egg hatching

non-biting midge from Poland. Annales Entomologici Fennici 47 : 111-118. DISNEY R.H.L., SZADZIEWSKI R. 1979. Some scuttle flies (Diptera, Phoridae) from Poland. Polish Journal of Entomology 49 : 535-538. SZADZIEWSKI R. 1979. The immature stages of two halobiont Diptera, Dicranomyia sera (WALKER) (Limoniidae) and Parascatopse litorea (EDWARDS) (Scatopsidae). Polish Journal of Entomology 49 : 385-388. SZADZIEWSKI R. 1978. Telmatogeton remanei REMMERT (Chironomidae, Diptera) w Polsce. Polish Journal of Entomology 48 : 421-422. SZADZIEWSKI R. 1977. Studia nad

and key to species, in: Biodiversity of Poland 11. (edit. Z. Mirek). W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, 1-133. Denisiuk Z., Witkowski Z. 1990. Rezerwaty Biosfery w Polsce. Białowieski Park Narodowy. Komitet Naukowy przy Prezydium PAN „Człowiek i Środowisko”, Zakład Ochrony Przy rody i Zasobów Naturalnych PAN. Ossolineum, 54 s. ISBN 8304037521. Disney R.H.L., Durska E. 1998. A new genus and new species of Phoridae from Poland. European Journal of Entomology 95: 437-453. Domański S. 1967. Specyfika mikoflory nadrzewnej Białowieskiego

Doria 64 [1949–1951]: 131–157. BEYER E. M. 1965: Phoridae (Diptera Brachycera). Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G. F. de Witte (1933-1935) 99 : 1–211. BEZDĚK A., KRÁL D. & LIMBOURG P. 2017: Stomano mala subcostata (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae), the first record of ruteline chafer from Socotra Archipelago, Yemen. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 57 (Supplementum) : 87–91. BEZDĚK A., SEHNAL R. & KRÁL D. 2013: Tanyproctus (Tanyproctus) arher (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini), a new species from the Socotra Island