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Peter Paul Rubens, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc and Joan of Arc

References Borusowski, Piotr. 2014. “Zaginiony i odnaleziony: Rysunek Klęcząca Joanna d’Arc Petera Paula Rubensa w Muzeum Narodowym w Warszawie / Lost and Found. A Drawing of Joan of Arc by Peter Paul Rubens at the National Museum in Warsaw.” Rocznik Muzeum Narodowego w Warszawie. Nowa Seria / Journal of the National Museum in Warsaw. New Series 3(39): 286-332. Du Lys, Charles. 1613. Recueil de plusieurs inscriptions pour les statues du roy Charles VII et de la Pucelle d’Orleans qui sont eslevees… sur le pont de la ville d

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Transformative Poetry. A Case Study of W. H. Auden’s Musée Des Beaux Arts and General Conclusions


This article situates Auden’s poem Musée des Beaux Arts in the process of his conversion to Christianity. The author argues for the layered intertextuality of the poem, in which allusions to Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, The Census at Jerusalem, and The Massacre of the Innocents can be recognised. Moreover, Philippe de Champaigne’s Presentation in the Temple and Peter Paul Rubens’s The Martyrdom of St Livinus (in the same museum in Brussels) seem also to have influenced the poem. Finally, there is reason to suppose that John Singer Sargent’s Crashed Aeroplane influenced Auden. In an analysis of the structure of the poem, the author argues that there is a clear structure hidden under the surface of day-to-day language. He connects this hidden structure with Auden’s poem The Hidden Law, and suggests that Auden wished to claim that even though we cannot understand suffering, it has a hidden meaning known only to God. This hidden meaning connects our suffering with the self-emptying of Christ, a connection which the author demonstrates is in fact also made in Musée des Beaux Arts.

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