1 INTRODUCTION Environmental, behavioral, and personal factors influence both oral and general health, and oral health is also considered a “window” to overall health ( 1 , 2 ). The overlap between oral health and general health can be assessed with the constructs Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) ( 3 , 4 ) and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) ( 5 , 6 ), respectively, that is, how much OHRQoL data could explain HRQoL, and vice versa ( 1 , 2 , 7 ). Knowing the magnitude of the OHRQOL-HRQOL relationship would enable a more patient
Background/Aim: The successful outcome of conventional complete denture treatment can be defined with the use of both subjective and objective criteria. Denture satisfaction determinants may include denture quality, oral tissue condition, patient-dentist relationship, patient’s attitude toward dentures, patient’s personality and socioeconomic factors. Purpose: The aim of the current review was to identify and analyze the different construction protocols and occlusal schemes that contribute to the success of complete denture rehabilitation through the use of evaluation questionnaires.
Material and Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed through electronic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed) using the appropriate key words (complete denture construction, complete denture fabrication, complete denture occlusion and complete denture occlusal scheme). The related to the subject scientific papers were selected and evaluated for eligibility utilizing a predefined review process (English, full text articles, published from January 2000 up to April 2017).
Results: None of the analyzed studies identified significant differences between dentures constructed with simplified, CAD/CAM and traditional protocols in terms of general satisfaction and Oral Health Related Quality of Life scales. The same condition applied to the studies which compared complete dentures with bilateral balanced, lingualized, monoplane and canine guided occlusion.
Conclusions: Current scientific evidence suggested that patients could adapt comfortably to any type of bilateral balanced occlusal scheme and to complete dentures been fabricated with all types of complete denture construction protocol. Disease-specific questionnaires could be considered valuable tools and should be used to assess the outcome of any treatment modality.
There is a lack of data about oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among the parents of pre-school children, especially in Lithuania and the relationships among socio-economic status, oral care habits and OHRQoL. Research questions: is OHRQoL influenced by socioeconomic status or oral care habits? Research focus – oral health-related quality of life among the parents of pre-school children. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships among socioeconomic status, oral care habits and oral helath-related quality of life among the parents of pre-school children in Klaipeda. The study sample consisted of 375 parents (mother or father) of pre-school children. The questionnaire survey was conducted at randomly selected 23 kindergartens in Klaipeda city. The questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic and oral care habits questions. All the participants were examined by self-administered OIDP questionnaire, which measured oral impacts on physical, psychological and social aspects of daily performances. The highest overall impact on OHRQoL among the parents of pre-school children was observed in the domain of Carrying out major work or role (73.0), the lowest one in the Eating and enjoying food (25.74) domain. Mean OIDP score was significantly higher among the parents whose socioeconomic status was low (35.44), reflecting poorer OHRQoL, as compared with high (8.07) socioeconomic status. Parents with poor oral care habits significantly more frequently were affected (79.2%) in Smiling, laughing domain, as compared to the parents whose oral care habits were good (20.8%). Lower socioeconomic status and poorer oral care habits were related with worsened oral health-related quality of life, especially in the area of psychological performances.
Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a complex, chronic, systemic, autoimmune disease that mainly affects the exocrine glands, especially the salivary and lacrimal glands, leading to the dryness of the mouth and eyes, along with fatigue, joint and muscle pain. The prevalence of SS is estimated to be between 0.05% and 1% in European population. Diagnosis of SS is based on the revised criteria of the American-European consensus group (AECG). Sjogren’s syndrome can be subclassified into primary disease (primary Sjogren syndrome, pSS) and a secondary disease (secondary Sjogren syndrome, sSS) when present with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis. The decrease in salivary flow and qualitative alterations in saliva could explain many of the oral manifestations frequently present in patients with SS. Low salivary flow may affect chewing, swallowing, speech and sleeping in pSS patients. Oral manifestations include dental erosion, dental caries, mucosal infection, ulcers and oral candidiasis. Recent studies reveal that pSS patients experience impaired olfactory and gustatory functions and have higher occurrence of oral complications such as dysgeusia, burning sensation in the tongue (BST) and halitosis. The exocrine manifestations and systemic involvement in SS significantly impact the patient’s perception of oral healthrelated quality of life (OHRQoL).
References 1. Locker D. Measuring oral health: a conceptual framework. Community Dent Health. 1988; 5(1): 3-18. 2. Gerritsen A, Allen P, Witter D, Bronkhorst E, Creugerrs N. Tooth loss and oral health-related quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Health and Quality Life Outcomes. 2010; 8: 126. DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-8-126. 3. Nikolovska J, Kenig N. Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in Patients Wearing Fixed Partial Dentures. Coll. Antropol. 2014; 38(3): 987-992. 4. Nikolovska J, Petrovski D. Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL
, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) measures can give great insight into the impact of health, disease, care and treatment ( 8 ). Specific instruments sensitive enough to detect changes in the quality of life in persons with malocclusion have therefore been created; these include the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) ( 9 , 10 ) and the Malocclusion Impact Questionnaire (MIQ) ( 11 , 12 , 13 ). Studies related to malocclusion and quality of life have played a significant role in scientific literature
life (HRQoL) with the inclusion of the patient’s perspective represents measurement tools with a more holistic approach to health. It is affected by the individual’s physical health, psychological state, personal beliefs, social relationships, and the relationship to salient features of the individual’s environment ( 8 ). On the same theoretic base, measurements of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) was developed ( 9 ). One similar and simpler measurement, which is a part of self-rated quality of life tools, is self-rated health (SRH). It represents