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Abstract

Logistics centre location is very important in the overall development of the total logistics chain. Nowadays, it is very important to find a right place for one’s business. It is more important to find the best place for warehouse, to decrease all possible costs, to think about possibility to grow. Many companies are choosing to rent a warehouse because they do not know, if they have considerable expenses at the beginning of business. Question that worries many managers is how to decide about the best place where to rent or build a warehouse. This question should be number one in the development of warehouse infrastructure. Many authors think that the best place is the one, where it is possible to decrease all costs – transportation, land / rent costs. Warehouse is one of the most important links between production and delivery of goods to the customer’s location. The aim of the present research is to identify factors using a systematic literature analysis method – literature overview, which is important for searching the best place for logistics centre. Literature overview is an easy tool for selecting, systematising and collecting data about the research subject, using different authors’ articles, which have already proven key information about the present article. More than 8000 scientific articles were used to define 20 full-text articles for a deeper analysis. As a result of the research, the authors consider that the most important activities are to set a warehouse near important transportation nodes, and it is very necessary to decrease environmental issues.

Abstract

Demographic factors next to economic, political and legal ones, are important elements determining the development of the housing market. The analysis of the age structure of the population and of the dynamics of change shows that the population of baby boomers in the age group that is actively entering the labor market and becoming independent is a stimulant for the development of the housing market. Individuals who are gaining economic independence generate new needs and, with appropriate financial resources, also future demand for their own accommodation.

Deliberations regarding the housing market benefit noticeably from the analysis of home buyers’ age structure, especially in the context of the family life cycle. This issue became the focus of our study, which aims to determine the age of apartment buyers on the local market during an economic downturn and state interventionism in the form of preferential mortgages.

The analysis makes use of information from notarial acts (including the personal identity number PESEL - the year of birth of the purchaser) and statistical tools. The results of the study may support the decisions and direction of state aid aimed at meeting housing needs.

Abstract

Besides local economic development (LED) theories, especially LED practices have a growing importance nowadays. By a primary research involving more than 400 actors (local governments, local entrepreneurs, local agencies), the necessary competencies, practical experiences, and the field of further skills and extension concerning cooperation in economic development of localities were analysed. Summing up the research results, both local governments and local entrepreneurs have certain lack of competence that has to be improved, while the need of this exercise (and LED as a whole) for an appropriate financial background and a national strategy/policy is well-emphasized by the answers of the actors.

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: The article presents the diversity of the use of EU funds for tourism in Poland in the region of Eastern Poland in the years 2014–2020. The focus was on indicating the regional differentiation of the size and type structure of projects.

Materials and methods: The information base was data on projects co-financed from EU funds, collected in the National Information System (KSI SIMIK 2014-2020).

Results: In all voivodships, both in terms of the number of projects and their values, projects in the field of culture (cultural heritage, cultural institutions, cultural events) definitely dominated. They constituted over 50% of the total number of all projects and 65% of their total value.

Conclusions: In the years 2014-2020 tourism was included in the Regional Operational Programs indirectly, which impacted on the nature of implemented projects. Between them dominated projects related to the modernization and preservation of tourism resources, especially cultural projects.

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: The goal of the article is to characterize the “slow city” model, its assumptions, conditions and effects of its implementation in Polish conditions. It also aims to present intelligent solutions in using own resources of small cities.

Materials and methods: The article was based on the study and synthesis of Polish and foreign literature and a review of strategic documents of Polish cities belonging to Cittaslow.

Results: The article fills the existing gap in the area of contemporary strategies for the development of small towns. It describes the “slow city” model, on the basis of which small cities belonging to the Cittaslow city network are developing. Intelligent solutions in the use of endogenous own resources of small cities are also presented.

Conclusions: The analysis carried out made it possible to state that the “slow city” model is useful in the development of small towns. It guarantees optimal and intelligent use of endogenous resources of a small town. However, the review of the strategic documents of the cities of “slow city” shows that these cities affect, like most small cities, negative socio-economic phenomena.

Abstract

The article aimed to determine (1) what factors affect the rates of property management fees (2) and to examine whether the rates declared by managers can be an essential factor in the segmentation of the property management services market. The research has been divided into two stages. First, the review of the literature allowed us to elaborate a list of factors affecting the rates for property management fees. Then, the research was based on the analysis of the results of questionnaires obtained from property managers. We gathered a sample of 368 responses, which enabled us to use the analysis of variances. This statistical method was utilized to answer the second research question.

Abstract

Regional development is firmly rooted in the theory of land management, and today’s considerations and analyses in this area are gaining special importance. The relationship between specific conditions and the observed effects of regional development was considered under various theoretical concepts. Additionally, the interdependence of processes taking place on the international, national and regional level renders it necessary to pursue, inter alia, an effective regional policy. In this study, particular attention was given to the premises and objectives of intentional actions taken both at supra-regional level (inter-regional policy) and regional level (intra-regional policy). The theoretical considerations concerning the regional policy carried out were supplemented with current statistics regarding the development of regions in Poland. The aim of the study is to show the role of regional policy in shaping regional development and to analyse its current state on the basis of own research using multidimensional comparative analysis (MCA) methods. The considerations presented in the article lead to the conclusion that regional policy is an important factor in regional development, and the presented research results allow to assess the current level and diversity of this development in Poland.

Abstract

The priorities assessment for the planned construction of high-speed rail/HSR in the Czech Republic in terms of impacts on internal and external integration is a though-provoking topic not only from the technical and economic, but also from the social and geographical point of view. Its primary basis is the application of the gravity model, according to which the planned route C Prague-Wien has the most significant potential in passenger transport. Then following routes are A Prague-Berlin, B Prague-München, and D Brno-Katowice. Subsequently, the likely impacts generated by a significant improvement in the quality parameters and hence the competitive position of rail transport were assessed, including the potential for shifting part of the demand from the road and air transport to HSR. Overall, however, it can be stated that the potential impacts of the HSR on the growth of passenger transport in the Czech Republic will not be essential. To perceive the regional impacts of HSR construction, analyses of selected indicators (population density per km2, GDP per capita, unemployment rate) by NUTS 3 regions for the period 2007-2017 were also carried out. From the strategic point of view, the research results did not confirm that the planned construction of the HSR primarily stimulates convergence tendencies in regional development as the main priority of EU regional policy. Rather, it seems more likely that the HSR will stimulate the extraction of economic activity from “rural” regions in favour of metropolitan regions.

Abstract

This study investigated the impact of infrastructure and human capital development on economic growth in transitional economies. It also explored whether the interaction between infrastructural and human capital development enhanced economic growth in the transitional economies. Although the literature is awash with studies which investigated the separate impact of infrastructure and human capital development on economic growth, no study that the author is aware of has so far explored whether the interaction between infrastructure and human capital development enhances economic growth. The study mainly used a dynamic panel generalised methods of moments (GMM) approach by Arellano and Bond (1995), a framework that takes into account the dynamic nature of economic growth data and addresses the endogeneity issues normally associated with economic growth regression functions. Panel data analysis approaches such as pooled ordinary least squares (OLS), and fixed and random effects were used for comparison purposes and robustness tests. According to the dynamic GMM framework, the interaction between infrastructure and human capital development improved economic growth in transitional economies, in line with theoretical and empirical predictions. Random effects and pooled OLS show that the interaction between infrastructural and human capital development had a deleterious effect on economic growth, whilst according to the fixed effects approach, the interaction between these two variables had an insignificant positive influence on economic growth in transitional economies. Considering that the results from a dynamic panel GMM are considered to be more accurate due to the approach’s ability to address the endogeneity problem and the dynamic nature of economic growth data, the current study recommends that transitional economies should implement policies that improve human capital development in order to enhance infrastructural development’s ability to influence economic growth. Future studies should investigate not just one (human capital development), but all the conditional factors which must be in place before economic growth advantages triggered by infrastructure development are realised.

Abstract

The housing market is not only an important component of the national economy; it is also a place of meeting the basic and fundamental needs for the functioning of households. The structure of housing markets and their performance are primarily driven by local and national factors. This results mainly from the specificity of real estate (primarily from its immobility), historical factors, economic conditions, as well as from institutional environment. However, in the process of integration of the European economies, one can see a growing trend towards the unification of the housing markets.

The aim of the paper is to assess the scope and scale of convergence processes in the European housing markets. The study covers the main characteristics of the markets, including: the size of the national housing stock and its ownership structure, the importance of residential properties in households’ assets, and the share of housing expenditure in households’ total consumption expenditure. The occurrence of three most popular types of convergence was investigated: beta, sigma, and gamma convergence.