obtained using a fluorometer (Photon Technology International (PTI), QuantaMaster™ 30).
Results and discussion
The thermal behavior of the mixture of all starting materials with a nominal composition, M 3 Al 8 O 1 5:REO (M = Ba, Ca, Mg; REO = Eu 2 O 3 , Dy 2 O 3 ) system, which included degradable compounds of BaCO 3 , CaCO 3 , and 4MgCO 3 .Mg(OH) 2 .5H 2 O, was characterized by DTA/TG in the 50 °C to 1300 °C temperature range ( Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 ).
DTA/TG curves for Ba 3 Al 8 O15 :Eu 3+ , Dy 3+ phosphor.
Neuro-linguistic programming (international acronym: NLP) is a special approach to understanding the communication process, triggering an attitude of curiosity, passion and dedication in studying the ways of improving and developing the behavior of human being, being not only an efficient system for stimulating spiritual evolution and increasing spiritual harmony, but also a great impetus for changing mentalities at the social level. also, it provides many useful means to deal with the real problems of today’s management and leadership. However, the information about NLP presented in the paper should not be interpreted as therapeutic indications, but this does not mean that it may be considered unnecessary.
People are the most important asset category that an organization can use; none of them can exist without the human resources that make it up. However, paradoxically, they are also the only asset that can act against the goals of the organisation. From the same perspective, now, people can choose where to work or leave if they feel no pleasure anymore. Those who want to improve their living standards and reach a balance in their professional life will decide to leave their job if it is no longer satisfactory. a very important issue in the day-to-day activity of man is the motivation he/she feels for what he/she is doing. Motivation is a general term that describes the process of initiation, orientation and maintenance of physical and psychological activities, is a broad concept that includes a series of internal mechanisms, such as: the preference given to one activity over other activities, the enthusiasm and the force of a person’s reactions, the persistence of some organized action patterns (models) to achieve relevant objectives.
Martin Kiselicki, Zanina Kirovska, Saso Josimovski and Lidija Pulevska
Gamification represents a relatively new term that has become massively popular in recent years. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the various definitions regarding gamification, to present a unified process of designing a gamified system and to research the use of gamification on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia. Gamification focuses on the internal motivators of employees, which are much more powerful and longer-lasting than the external motivators traditionally used in human resource management. Since this concept relies on video games, data demonstrated makes it clear that they are prevalent in each age group and there is no inclination of one sex over the other. The research done through a questionnaire on SMEs in the IT industry on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia was focused on researching the gamification trends in the country and generally gave positive results regarding the level of use and the readiness of the Macedonian managers for gamification. A high percentage of the companies surveyed are using or are in the process of implementing gamified systems and consider that they could bring a number of benefits. The main disadvantages are the lack of understanding by employees and insufficient technical knowledge. The paper contributes in clarifying the gamification concept and distinguishing it from other similar concepts. From a practical standpoint, the presented process for designing a gamified process can be utilized by companies in the IT industry in the future, regardless of the country of origin.
Mentoring is the process of exchanging knowledge, experience and values between a more and less experienced member of the organization. It is sometimes used in business entities, but according to the authors, it is worth pointing out its potential utility in the nonprofit sphere. It can contribute to increasing the efficiency of third sector organizations, both indirectly, by improving the competences of the staff, and directly - at work with the beneficiaries. The article presents a model of formal mentoring in nonprofit organizations. It consists of 11 stages and takes into account the specificity of such entities, e.g. financial constraints, a shortage of mentors familiar with the specifics of the nonprofit organizations, fears of introducing formalized techniques associated with the commercial sector, irregular work modes of volunteers and other employees of non-governmental entities organizations and the lack of time connected with it.
This study endeavors to identify the dynamic link among growth, inequality and poverty, instigated from deindustrialization, in Pakistan over the time period 1970-2013. The Reduced-form Vector Autoregressive Model (VAR) is applied to estimate the empirical model. According to the results, trade openness has declining (mounting) impact on poverty (income inequality) over the specified time period. Moreover, the industrial sector share in GDP has appeared as a major contributing factor in tackling income inequality and poverty. This implies that the deindustrialization, as an emergent of trade liberalization, neutralizes the policy effect for income distribution and poverty in Pakistan. Besides, the Kuznet’s hypothesis has been proved to be true in case of Pakistan where GDP growth has led to increase in the income inequality. The role of industrial sector growth in tackling poverty and income inequality has emerged as vital but the move towards rapid trade liberalization has placed this sector in more competitive position and the persistent nature of income inequality has subdued the growth effects on poverty. The results underlie very pertinent policy to focus on the sector-specific growth in order to tackle the welfare issues. And a cautious move towards trade liberalization is also suggested.
Janina Stankiewicz, Patrycja Łychmus and Hanna Bortnowska
In the literature on management, engagement is generally discussed in the context of cooperation with paid employees. This article focuses on the rarely analyzed issue – developing the engagement of nonprofit members. Research was carried out on this subject in the association in Zielona Góra, where deficits were found in that area. The aim of the article is to determine the reasons for the low engagement among SPOzZD members, to identify their expectations towards the functioning of the Association as well as to indicate activities that could encourage further engagement of these members, which can be implemented by representatives of the Board. The case study method was used.
Market activity for today’s enterprises means continuing work to better understand the needs of their customers to provide them higher level of satisfaction. Building market advantages using a traditional approach based on material resources becoming less and less likely to increase competitiveness over the long term. The ability to use intangible assets, often more difficult to identify and manage, is becoming a key issue. Proper management of intangible assets can provide the company with unique market advantages that are unique, durable, and difficult to imitate. This study attempts to characterize selected dependencies between the nature of the actions undertaken by enterprises in relation to intellectual capital in the context of the strength of the level of competition in the market.
Background: In most countries, data on migration refer only to flows between administratively or statistically defined zones that are changing over time. When different numbers, sizes, and shapes of areas are chosen for analysis of internal migration, different results are generated. This problem is recognised as the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP).
Objectives: The paper analyses the impact of inter-municipal migration on population redistribution in Slovenia in 2000–2014 by considering the MAUP. Namely, the number of analysed municipalities increased by 19 in the considered period.
Methods/Approach: We analysed the MAUP effects and estimated internal migration statistics by producing a large number of aggregations using the IMAGE Studio software.
Results: Several statistics that measure the direction and pace of population concentration, as well as the correlation between measures of migration intensity and national development, have been calculated.
Conclusions: The results for Slovenia show that the migration efficiency decreases with the development process measured by the human development index.
Katarzyna Olejniczak-Szuster and Katarzyna Łukasik
In today’s competitive market, these companies or organizations that take care of their employees and put them on the development and improvement of qualifications will be successful. This is due to the fact that the role of the organization is to provide development opportunities for their employees to deepen their knowledge and skills on a regular basis. In human capital management, trainings are a set of activities that empower employees to acquire new skills and qualifications. The main aim of the study was to determine the impact of trainings on employee development in the banks departments in the city of Czestochowa. Based on the obtained results of the research, it can be stated that in the opinion of employees, both managerial and first-line position, trainings have an important influence on three separate factors: the increase of ability to perform assigned tasks in a shorter time, the increase of work efficiency, and the increase of employees satisfaction. Furthermore, the conducted research proved that the participation of employees in trainings has a fundamental impact on their professional development path.