the Schneeberg Syncline (Early Cretaceous, NorthernCalcareousAlps, Upper Austria). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien, 106A, 33-51.
Lukeneder, A., 2010. Lithostratigraphic definition and stratotype for the Puez Formation: formalisation of the Lower Cretaceous in the Dolomites (S. Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 103/1, 138-158.
Meister, C. and Friebe, J.G., 2003. Austroalpine Liassic Ammonites from Vorarlberg (Austria, NorthernCalcareousAlps). Beiträge zur Paläontologie, 28, 9-99.
des Deckenbaues. In: Sonntag, H., Straubinger, F. (Eds.), Großer Ahornboden - eine Landschaft erzählt ihre Geschichte. Berenkamp, Wattens, 40–45.
Brühwiler, T., Hochuli, P.A., Mundil, R., Schatz, W., Brack, P., 2007. Bio- and chronostratigraphy of the Middle Triassic Reifling Formation of the westernmost NorthernCalcareousAlps. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 100, 443–455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00015-007-1240-2
Costa, C.H., Gardini, C.E., Diederix, H., Cortés, J.M., 2000. The Andean orogenic front at Sierra de Las Peñas-Las Higueras, Mendoza
Oliver Krische, Špela Goričan and Hans-Jürgen Gawlick
Auer M., Suzuki H., Schlagintweit F. & Gawlick H.-J. 2007: The late Middle to Late Jurassic Sedimentary Rocks of the Knallalm- Neualm Area north of Gosau (northwestern Dachstein Block, central NorthernCalcareousAlps). J. Alpine Geol. 48, 117-140.
Auer M., Gawlick H.-J., Suzuki H. & Schlagintweit F. 2009: Spatial and temporal development of siliceous basin and shallow-water carbonate sedimentation in Oxfordian NorthernCalcareousAlps. Facies 56, 63-87.
Babić L., Hochuli P.A. & Zupanić J. 2002: The Jurassic ophiolitic mélange in the
Georg Trost, Jörg Robl, Sylke Hilberg, Christoph Hauzenberger, Rudolf Schmidt and Walter Goessler
In this study, we present chemical denudation rates derived from measuring the dissolved load of an alpine catchment located in Salzburg, Austria. The catchment has a drainage area of about 7 km2 and is predominantly covered by limestone- rich glacial deposits and carbonate rocks that are characteristic of the Northern Calcareous Alps. To obtain catchment-wide chemical denudation rates, we integrated discharge time series that were measured by a permanent water gauge of the Austrian Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control to compute the total discharge of the investigated catchment over a period of one year. During the same period, samples were taken during several campaigns to consider variations of the dissolved load. Samples were collected at high and low runoff conditions to study the effect of precipitation and at different locations along the tributaries to account for lithological variations of the river beds on the dissolved load. For the investigation period of one year, 2.97 ×106 m3 of discharge was measured at the catchment outlet. The summed cation-concentration varies between about 85 mg/l for dry-conditions and 75 mg/l for rainy-conditions at the gauge and consists predominantly of Ca2+and Mg2+ cations. Based on the total discharge of the river integrated over a period of one year, and the average dissolved load determined from water samples, we obtained a chemical denudation rate of 0.094 mm/a. The results imply that chemical denudation is a significant driver for redistributing mass in carbonate-dominated catchments and might be the dominant erosional process in such settings.
Thomas Hornung, Ilja Kogan, Gero Moosleitner, Gerhard Wolf and Joop van der Wielen
in Provincia di Salerno (Dolomia Principale). Memoria della Società Italiana di Scienze, Serie 3, 9/3, 1–27.
Bassani, F., 1896. La ittiofauna della Dolomia principale di Giffoni (provincia di Salerno). Paleontographia italica, 1, 169–210.
Bechstädt, T., Boni, M., Iannace, A. and Koster, J., 1991. Modelling sedimentology and diagenesis of Upper Triassic anoxic basins of NorthernCalcareousAlps and Southern Apennines. Terra Abstract (EUG VI Strasbourg), 3/1, 290 pp.
Bechtel, A., Gawlick, H.-J., Gratzer, R., Tomaselli, M. and Püttmann, W, 2007
Hans-Jürgen Gawlick, Roman Aubrecht, Felix Schlagintweit, Sigrid Missoni and Dušan Plašienka
. Riv. Ital. Paleont. Stratigr. 110, 345–355.
Channell J.E.T., Brandner R., Spieler A. & Smathers N.P. 1990: Mesozoic paleogeography of the NorthernCalcareousAlps – Evidence from paleomagnetism and facies analysis. Geology 18, 828–831.
Channell J.E.T., Brandner R., Spieler A. & Stoner J.S. 1992: Paleomagnetism and paleogeography of the NorthernCalcareousAlps (Austria). Tectonics 11, 792–810.
Darga R. & Schlagintweit F. 1991: Mikrofazies, Paläontologie und Stratigraphie der Lerchkogelkalke (Tithon–Berrias) des Dietrich-horns (Salzburger Land
Diethard Sanders, Hannah Pomella and Charlotte Gild
Geyh, M.A., 2005. Handbuch der physikalischen und chemischen Altersbestimmung. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 211 pp.
Gild, C., Geitner, C. and Sanders, D., 2018. Discovery of a landscape-wide drape of late-glacial aeolian silt in the western NorthernCalcareousAlps (Austria): First results and implications. Geomorphology, 301, 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.10.025
Handy, M.R., Ustaszewski, K. and Kissling, E., 2015. Reconstructing th Alps-Carpathians–Dinarides as a key to understanding
Jonas Hardege, Lukas Plan, Gerhard Winkler, Bernhard Grasemann and Ivo Baroň
Eisensteinhöhle is a 2 km long crevice cave that is significantly overprinted by hydrothermal karst processes. It was opened during quarrying in the Fischauer Vorberge, at the western margin of the Vienna Basin. This pull-apart basin cuts the eastern foothills of the Alps and is formed by a major NE-SW striking, sinistral transform fault. The western margin consists of NNE-SSW striking normal faults creating paths for thermal water to rise from the central basin. The deepest part of the cave, 73 m below the entrance, hosts a pond with 14.6 ±0.2 °C warm water that occasionally acts as a spring. The water level and temperature fluctuate and at a certain level, water visibly discharges into a nearby narrow fissure. As sporadic observations of the water level since 1992 gave no obvious connection to precipitation events, the connection to an aquifer and the origin of the water remained unknown. A pumping test, conducted on 13/7/2016, yielded a volume of the spring/pool of about 2.8 m3 that is fed by a very small inlet at the sandy bottom. At the time of the pumping test, the discharge was only 4.5 l/h but during previous overflow events, discharge values of up to 289 l/h were recorded.
Water temperature and hydrochemistry hint towards a mixture of an old thermal component and a young meteoric component. During continuous monitoring of water level and temperature from October 2015 until November 2018, the water level was almost stable with few periods of high level (almost at overflow) that lasted for about 3 to 4 weeks each. The water temperature increased during most high stands and is positively correlated with the water level. Correlation of the high-resolution data on water level and temperature fluctuations with precipitation measurements at the nearest meteorological stations show a relation of water level to certain rainfall events and the sporadically taken long time records show a correlation with annual precipitation sums. Long-term observations also indicate a connection to groundwater levels in the Vienna Basin with a delay of about 8 weeks in Bad Fischau. In July 2017, the water level dropped suddenly and then recovered simultaneously in the time of several weak earthquakes in the vicinity. The data suggest that the spring in Eisensteinhöhle is influenced by precipitation. For one seismic event, there is a correlation with unusual water level changes at Eisensteinhöhle, but the rareness of earthquakes demands for a longer time series to confirm this observation.
: Facies development and Paleoecologic zonation of four Upper Triassic Patch-reefs, NorthernCalcareousAlps near Salzburg, Austria. In: Toomey D.F. (ed.): European fossil reef models. SEPM Spec. Publ. 30, 241–259.
Schwager C. 1877: The classification of Foraminifera - Framework of the proposed system by shell [Quadro del proposto sistema di Classificazione dei foraminiferi con guscio]. Boll. R. Comitao Geol. D'Italia 8, 18–27 (in Italian).
Senowbari-Daryan B. 1980: Fazielle und paläontologische Untersuchungen in oberräthischen Riffen (Feichtenstein- und
Schlagintweit, F., Sanders, D., Studeny, M., 2018. The nepionic stage of Solenomeris Douvillé, 1924 (Acervulinidae, Foraminiferida): new observations from the uppermost Maastrichtian-early Danian of Austria (Kambühel Formation, NorthernCalcareousAlps). Facies, 64, 27. https://doi-org/10.1007/s10347-018-0540-5
Septfontaine, M., 1978. Présence d’ Archaeosepta platierensis Wernli 1970 dans le Jurassique briançonnais des Préalpes. Importance stratigraphique, relations avec le microfaciès et la paléogéographie