The focus of the following article will be NewUrbanism, an urbanistic movement which originated in the United States and advocates the establishment and reinforcing of communities through planning activities. Its proponents claim that the proper design of space leads to the development of a local community. As K. Falconer Al-Hindi and K. Till (2001: 189) observe, ‘NewUrbanism is a complex planning paradigm and social movement that has recently become influential in planning, residential development, and government housing circles’. K. Day (2003: 83) adds that
Case studies of the Paris Rive Gauche and the New Centre of Lodz
Monika Maria Cysek-Pawlak
More than 20 years after they were announced, the principles of NewUrbanism are still relevant. Although the movement emerged in response to urban sprawl in the USA ( Piatkowski & Marshall 2011 ), it primarily draws on the experiences of historic urban districts in Europe. Among the prominent pioneers of the NewUrbanism there are Peter Cathope, Andres Duany, Elizabeth Moule, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Stefanos Polyzoides, Daniel Solomon, Scott Merrill and Peter Calthorpe. The cornerstone of the movement is harmony between the design of an urban
ALEXANDER, C., ISHIKAWA, S., SILVERSTEIN, M., JACOBSON, M., FIKSDAHL-KING, I. and SHLOMO, A. (1977), A pattern language: towns, buildings, construction , New York: Oxford University Press.
AMIN, A. and THRIFT, N. (2002), Cities. Reimagining the Urban , Cambridge: Polity Press.
ARNAUD, J. (2009), ‘Design graphique et newurbanism…’, Archistorm, 35, pp. 106–110.
BAUDRILLARD, J. (2005), Symulakry i symulacje, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sic!
BIELECKI, C. (1996), Gra w miasto , Warszawa: Fundacja Dom Dostępny.
Harrison, John; Hoyler, Michael (2015): Megaregions. Globalization's NewUrban Form? Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 270 Seiten
Der englischsprachige Band „Megaregions. Gobalization's NewUrban Form?" wurde herausgegeben von John Harrison und Michael Hoyler die beide an der Universität Loughborough (UK) arbeiten. Das Buch bietet eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Raumkonzept der Megaregions welches seit einiger Zeit in der wissenschaftlichen Debatte stark an Popularität gewonnen hat.
Der Ausdruck Megaregions ist insbesondere durch die
Migrants are often the carriers of new skills and original abilities. This study focuses on the importance of ‘new urban entrepreneurship’ - in particular, ethnic or migrant business firms - as a major driver of creative and urban dynamics and economic vitality in urban agglomerations. The paper offers a general account of both backgrounds and socio-economic implications of migrant entrepreneurship in large agglomerations and highlights the socio-economic heterogeneity in motivation and performance among different groups of migrant entrepreneurs. This demographic- cultural diversity prompts intriguing questions about differences in business performance among distinct groups of migrant entrepreneurs, even in the same ethnic group. In the paper, a recently developed and amended version of data envelopment analysis (DEA), viz. super-efficiency, is presented and applied to a group of Moroccan entrepreneurs in four large cities in the Netherlands. The main research aim is (i) to identify the best-performing firms (so-called ‘entrepreneurial heroes’) from a broad management and business perspective, while (ii) the background of our findings are more thoroughly analysed. The paper ends with some general concluding remarks on urban business strategies.
The main goal of this article is to assess newurban recreational spaces, both through the theoretical approximation of issues related to their infrastructure arrangements and identity, and hence their attractiveness (studies of literature), as well as by showing examples of the above phenomena in three selected spaces in Łódź. The following methods were applied in the research: analysis of existing data, inventory of recreation management, and surveys. The surveys were aimed at analysing users’ perceptions of the management of the selected spaces.
The influence of the revitalization of former industrial urban areas on new urban and tourism spaces: case studies of Manchester and Lyon
The purpose of this article is the identification of changes to urban and tourism space due to the revitalization of the industrial wastelands in selected cities of Western Europe. The first section presents problematic aspects of this issue whereas the second constitutes empirical research on two cities: Lyon and Manchester. Typical characteristics of these cities include their differing ‘tourism biographies’ as well as their diverse spatial and functional structures. Furthermore, different ways of implementing the revitalization of central area former industrial land have been followed which have been extremely significant in forming the new tourism space in both cities.
In the article on selected examples one illustrated the different solutions for shaping post-harbour areas. One highlighted the complexity and longevity of activities conducted in these areas, which include both: the modernization of building structures, shaping of new functional and spatial interactions, reproduction of natural resources, protection and sharing of preserved buildings and complexes of cultural heritage, but also well balanced management of transformed area. The basis for conducted deliberations constitute studies and field studies concerning the development of urban structures, conducted for many years by the author.
Research background: In recent years, the return of city and suburbs dwellers to city centers has been observed. This phenomenon is caused in particular by the growing costs of transport and time spent on commuting. From this point of view, it seems interesting to observe the prices of properties located in the suburbs in relation to the prices of properties located around city centers and to examine their similarity. The center, however, should not be identified solely as the Old Town but rather as a certain area in which the professional, cultural and private life of the citizens is concentrated.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find a method of identifying new city centers that allow developers to create a pricing map and, consequently, to determine the appropriate price level on the primary market. At the same time, it should help appraisers to capture the relationship between values of the properties located in different parts of a city.
Research methodology: The purpose of this study is achieved by deploying a taxonomic method (the modified density method) to identify new (or created) urban centers. The analysis is applied to the city of Wrocław.
Results: The findings reveal that it is clearly possible to identify visually clusters constituting new city centers by using the applied method. It is also possible to indicate in an analytical way the central location of a given center. The main advantage of the applied approach is that it is of universal use, suitable both for cities where one city center dominates, and for those where the dominant center is not present and is represented, for example, by the coastline of a sea.
Novelty: The density measure presented in the paper allows identifying city centers in an analytical way, based on given conditions. Habitants usually feel where the local center is, but it is not obvious how the prices of residentials might spread out in space according to those centers. The measure can be easily modified by introducing new features that characterize the centers.
Using the paradigmatic example of Catalunya Banc, this paper analyses the Spanish varieties of the new financial engineering used to appropriate urban rent by home dispossession. It aims to contribute to the study of the new forms of financialization that have appeared since 2008. Particular attention is given to the role of the state, the emergence of private equity funds as global real estate owners and how this has translated into a wave of evictions due to mortgage foreclosures. In short, this article highlights the implications of the uneven development resulting from the exhaustion of the so-called Spanish model of accumulation during the real estate boom years.