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finansowej przedsiębiorstw rolniczych, Rocz. Nauk Rol., Seria G, t. 95, z. 3-4: 83-90. KLASIK A. (red.). 1993. Planowanie strategiczne, PWE, Warszawa. KOK K., PATEL M., ROTHMAN D.S., QUARANTA G. 2006. Multi- -scale narratives from an IA perspective: Part II. Participatory local scenario development, Futures, Volume 38, Issue 3: 285-311. Modele działalności gospodarczej w gminach położonych na obszarach Natura 2000 [Models of Economic Activity in Municipalitys Located in Natura 2000 Protected Areas] , research project NN305 173640 carried out in IOŚ PIB. 2013. PALANG H

1 Scientific work funded by the National Science Centre in the years 2011–2013 as a research project entitled “Models of social conflicts in areas protected under the Natura 2000 network in Poland” (N N305 173440) References Alphandery, P. and Fortier, A., (2001), ‘Can territorial policy be based on science alone: the system for creating the Natura 2000 network in France’, Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 41, pp. 311–328. Bar, M. and Jendrośka, J., (2007), ‘Aspekty prawne sporu o Rospudę’ [‘Legal aspects of the dispute over the Rospuda’], Prawo i Środowisko, vol. 1

-61. Brzeziecki B. 1984: Zastosowanie metody "wzajemnego uśredniania" Hilla do porządkowania danych fitosocjologicznych. Wiadomości Ekologiczne , 30.3 : 281-293. Czerwiński A. 1995: Geobotanika w ochronie środowiska lasów Podlasia i Mazur. Wyd. Polit. Białost., Białystok, 345 ss. Danielewicz W., Pawlaczyk P. 2004: Kwaśna buczyna niżowa. [W:] Lasy i bory. Poradniki ochrony siedlisk i gatunków Natura 2000. Podręcznik metodyczny (red. J. Herbich). Ministerstwo Środowiska, Warszawa , 5 : 31-38. Dzwonko Z. 2007: Przewodnik do badań fitosocjologicznych. Instytut Botaniki

Natura 2000 in Croatia, Romanian Journal of Biology-Zoolgy, 59, 1, 59-74, Bucharest, 185-204. 7. Bošnir J., Puntarić D., Smit Z., Klarić M., Grgić M. and Kosanović L. M., 2007 - Organochlorine pesticides in freshwater fish from the Zagreb area, Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju, 58, 2, 187-193, ISSN 0004-1254, Zagreb Public Health Institute, Zagreb, Croatia, Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 07/2007, 58, 2, 187-193. 8. Budihna N., 1984 ‒ Ihtioloske raziskave reke Sava od prerade HE Moste do Krasnic, Ichtyos, 1, 18-25. (in Croatian) 9. Dragun Z

1 Introduction The Habitats Directive of 1992 forms the cornerstone of Europe’s natural conservation policy and establishes an EU-wide ecological network of protected habitats and species [ Winkel et al., 2015 ]. However, time has shown that the creation of the Natura 2000 network alone does not solve all problems. The first report on the conservation of habitats and species, published by the European Commission on 13 July 2009, revealed that only a small proportion of vulnerable habitats had achieved good conservation status. At the level of biogeographic

References DEMBEK W., 2012. Problemy ochrony polskiej przyrody w kon-tekście wspólnej polityki rolnej. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary-Wiejskie 12,4: 109-121. GOTKIEWICZ W., 2014 Wpływ sieci Natura 2000 na działal-ność gospodarstw rolnych położonych na terenie obszarów specjalnej ochrony “Ostoja Warmińska” i “Przełomowa Dolina Narwi”. Woda-Środowisko-ObszaryWiejskie 14,1: 5-17. GRAJA S., 2005. Obszary chronione w świadomości potencjalnych organizatorów turystyki. Parki Nar. 4: 34-35. KULCZYK S., LEWANDOWSKI W., 2014 Ekoturystyka “zielo-ną” ścieżką do Europy. Problemy

References Baranowski, M. (2003). Work on the Natura 2000 network in Poland (in Polish). In M. Makomaska-Juchiewicz & S. Tworek (eds.), Ekologiczna Sieć Natura 2000: problem czy szansa? (pp. 219-227). Kraków: IOP PAN. Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and Wild Flora and Fauna (The Habitats Directive). Council Directive 79/409/EEC on the Conservation of Wild Birds (The Birds Directive). Criteria for assessing national lists of pSCI at biogeographical level. DG Environment, document Hab.97/2 rev. 4 (13.5.2002). Dimitrakopoulos, P

management and freshwater restoration in Bulgaria, Romania and transboundary conservation along the Lower Danube” WWF Germania. 5. Cioacă D., 2012 - Animal species and habitats protected in “Natura 2000” sites Cernica Lake and Forest (Ilfov County, Romania), Romanian Journal of Biology - Zoology , 57(1), 29-37). 6. Ervin J., 2002 - Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology, WWF International. 7. Kostadinova I. and Gramatikov M. (eds), 2007 - Important Bird Areas in Bulgaria and Natura 2000i , BSPB Conservation Series 11. Sofia

Abstract

The issues of protection and management of biodiversity has become one of main environmental policy tasks in Europe and elsewhere. As an application of precautionary principles the EU member states are required to assess projects and plans which alone or in combination with other plans or projects are likely to have significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites. Several EU provisions set out the obligations for such assessment (the Birds and Habitat Directives, EIA and SEA Directives). One of the key steps in the assessment process is to carry out the EIS (Environmental Impact Statement) the final outcome of the assessment. If there is possibility of significant negative effects on Natura 2000 sites, the result of the process also has to be a part of EIS. The main goal of this study was to find out, what are the practitioners´ opinions and attitudes on the quality of EIS in Slovakia, especially in the case when the assessment process is related to Natura 2000 sites. Because it often involves practitioners from a very wide range of disciplinary and professional backgrounds, the contribution tries to show to what extent does the professional background or practitioners working positions influence their perception of EIS quality.

Abstract

Natura 2000 is often equated with protected areas where human activities are significantly limited or even excluded in order to preserve biodiversity. However, Natura 2000 is based on other settings. Most of the activities and projects in the Natura area can be carried out with the mitigation of possible negative impacts. Sometimes they need only minor adjustments. Proposals of major development projects or changes in land use should undergo the evaluation of acceptability for the ecological network. If the assessment is positive, the procedure will be allowed if it is in the Natura area. As such, the Natura 2000 can provide new opportunities for rural areas, for example through eco-tourism and recreation. The paper will provide a SWOT analysis of micro location of building a new transport route, which is aimed at the development of new tourist destinations in the protected area.