6 Musicalia 1–2 / 2018
Musicalia 1–2 / 2018, 6–29 DOI 10.1515/muscz-2018-0001
Tablature on a Manuscript
Fragment from the NationalMuseumLibrary
1) BROM, Vlastimil et al.: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea. Signatury 1 D, 1 E a 1 G (Manuscript
Fragments of the NationalMuseumLibrary. Shelf Marks 1 D, 1 E, and 1 G), National Museum, Prague 2016, p. 64.
Abstract: The manuscript fragment in the collection of the NationalMuseumLibrary in Prague
under shelf mark 1 D a 3/52 is a sheet of paper with writing on both sides
The aim of the paper is to show the situation of the National Museum Library (NML) in the period of 1939–1945 based on archival documents. Central changes made by the Nazis affected people as well as their work in the NML. It was not possible to continue as before – some employees had been arrested or executed by the Gestapo. Nevertheless, the number of the NML staff increased as a result of the transfer of officials from the closed Ministry of War and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Two employees of German nationality joined the NML based on the new rules concerning the relations between Czechs and Germans in public services. The operation of the library came under the supervision of Professor Carl Wehmer, who planned a cataloguing reform, was in charge of the book collections and ensured their later evacuation. The plans for a new NML exhibition were cancelled and replaced by propagandistic exhibitions imported from Germany, such as Deutsche Größe. The Nazi ideologists planned to return the National Museum and its library to the original idea of the land museum. Also Emil Franzel, a former leading member of the German Social Democracy in Czechoslovakia, a later member of the Sudeten German Party and in 1940–1941 an official in the NML, followed the idea of a land museum in his book History of the National Museum Library (Prague 1942), the first monograph on the history of the NML.
The National Museum Library contains the personal library of an outstanding Czech critic and modern art theorist, Karel Teige. From the 1920s, he was in touch with the founders and important representatives of modern art movements, mostly from France, whose relations and cooperation are i.a. demonstrated by the books donated to him. The article presents several dedications by André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Le Corbusier and Salvador Dalí.
The article points out the uniqueness of the personal book collection of the Czech poet, translator and theatre critic Hanuš Jelínek, one of the most prominent figures in Czech–French cultural relations. Based on the owner’s last will, it has been deposited in the National Library in Prague since 1951, when the book estate was handed over to the National Museum after the death of his wife, Božena Jelínková-Jirásková, an academic painter, and it also contains books that belonged to her. The book collection, which still awaits further research and is hardly known to the wider professional public, is a very valuable source on the life and work of Mr and Mrs Jelínek as well as an important source of information on the history of Czech-French cultural transfers and the cultural history of Europe in the first half of the 20th century.
The article focuses on the elucidation of the broader context of the cultural, social and political activities of Josef Václav Frič during his emigration to Paris. It outlines the circumstances of his efforts to promote the Czech issue in Europe and popularise it among the wider public. It thus draws attention to Frič’s key platforms of sociability and communication: the possibilities of contemporary periodicals and the first association of compatriots in France, Českomoravská beseda (Czech–Moravian Beseda). The accompanying visual material includes representative examples of extant archival materials from Frič’s legacy and from the collection of his personal library.
MUSICALIA 1–2 / 2016, 114–129
114 Musicalia 1–2 / 2016
Sources of Lute- and Guitar
Music in the Holdings of the
National Museum in Prague
This study gives an overview of lute and guitar tablatures in the holdings of the national Museum (at the Czech Museum of Music and the nationalMuseumlibrary), and
it briefly characterizes them in the form of a catalogue. Since music from the Strahov
and lobkowicz collections, which also involve a rather large set of tablatures, has been
returned to its original owners in restitution, the study
National Museum 2017−2020
The National Museum (NM) is preparing several temporary exhibitions
in all of its buildings, along with preparing new permanent exhibitions
in the New and Historical Buildings. All parts of the National Museum
are incorporated in the preparation of new exhibitions, i.e. the Historical
Museum, Natural History Museum, Czech Museum of Music, Náprstek
Museum and the NationalMuseumLibrary. In 2017, these exhibition
projects are: Light and Life, Masaryk as a Phenomenon, and Indians. In
2018, the National Museum will present the Czech-Slovak / Slovak
The article works with sources concerning the history of the library of Bohuslav Dušek (1886–1957), a bank clerk and a collector of books and art. Dušek built his library, comprising more than 3,000 volumes, from the beginning of the 20th century. Despite changing state regimes, he kept it until his death. His second wife, Hermína Dušková (1910–2012), organised the library and donated it in 1977 to the National Museum Library. The personal archival collection of Bohuslav Dušek, deposited in the National Museum Archives, provides as-yet unpublished information on the development of the library and its owners as well as on the process of the handover of this unique collection to the National Museum Library.
The article presents the provenance records preserved in the part of the library of the collector Bohuslav Dušek deposited in the Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books of the National Museum Library. Numerous provenance marks were left in the books by Dušek himself. Other preserved marks of Czech provenance come from Protestants as well as Catholics, from peasants, burghers and nobles, and later from scholars. The studied part does not contain any coherent set, because Dušek did not purchase the books in large quantities and chose them carefully according to his interests. For comparison, the collection of the director of Živnostenská banka Jaroslav Preiss is briefly presented as well.
In the course of research on fragments from the National Museum Library, a large torso was discovered containing hitherto unknown organ tablatures from the early seventeenth century (shelf mark CZ-Pn 1 K 219). The author of the article reassemble the torso based on signatures and analyzed its content, which consists of intabulations of sacred compositions by leading Renaissance composers (e.g. Orlando di Lasso, Tomás Luis de Victoria, Jakob Handl-Gallus) as well as some lesser-known composers. On the basis of analysis, she then focused her attention on Silesia and the German-speaking milieu of northern Bohemia and Moravia, compared the tablature with similar sources from Czech and foreign collections, and placed it in the context of musical practice in the milieu of Lutheranism.