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, modularity, and allometry in a phylogenetic context. S ystematic Biology , 62 (4), 591–610. Koepfli, K.-P., Deere, K. A., Slater, G. J., Begg, C., Begg, K., Grassman, L., Lucherini, M., Veron, G., Wayne, R. K. 2008. Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation. BMC Biology , 6, 10. Márquez, E. J. 2008. A statistical framework for testing modularity in multidimensional data. Evolution , 62, 2688–2708. Meloro, C., Raia, P., Piras, P., Barbera, C., O’Higgins, P. 2008. The shape of the

and minks in Poland. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 10, 231-260. Maslennikova, O. V 2005. Helminth Fauna of Animals in Natural Biocenoses of the Kirov Region. Ph.D thesis, Moscow, 1-19 [In Russian]. Merkusheva, I. V., Bobkova, A. F. 1981. Helminths of Domestic and Wild Animals in Belarus : Catalogue. Nauka i tekhnika, Minsk, 1-120 [In Russian]. Nugaraitė, D, Mažeika, V., Paulauskas, A. 2014. Helminths of mustelids (Mustelidae) in Lithuania. Biologija, 60 (3), 117-125. Padchenko, I. K, Lokteva, I. M. 1990. An Analysis of the Geographical Distribution of

., 1976: Composition of the food of martens. Acta Theriologica , 21 : 527–534. H olišová V. & O brtel R., 1982: Scat analytical data on the diet of urban stone martens, Martes foina (Mustelidae, Mammalia). Folia Zoologica , 31 : 21–30. K ruuk H. & P arish T., 1981: Feeding specialization of Eurasian badger Meles meles in Scotland. Journal of Animal Ecology , 50 : 773–788. L ockie J. D., 1959: The estimation of the food of foxes. Journal of Wildlife Managment , 23 : 224–227. L ockie J. D., 1961: The food of the pine marten Martes martes in west Ross

REFERENCES A bramov A. V., 2002: Variation of the baculum structure of the Palearctic badger (Carnivora, Mustelidae, Meles ). Russian Journal of Theriology , 1 : 57–60. A bramov A. V. & B aryshnikov G. F., 2000: Geographic variation and intraspecific taxonomy of weasel Mustela nivalis (Carnivora, Mustelidae). Zoosystematica Rossica , 8 : 365–402. B aryshnikov G. F. & A bramov A. V., 1997: Structure of baculum (os penis) in Mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora), Communication 1. Zoologičeskij Žurnal , 76 : 1399–1410. B aryshnikov G. F. & A bramov A. V

peregusna (Güldenstaedt, 1770) for Saudi Arabia (Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae). Fauna of Saudi Arabia , 12 : 416–419. N ader I. A., 1996: Distribution and status of five predators in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Wildlife Research , 1 : 210–214. N ader I. A. & B uttiker W., 1980: Mammals of Saudi Arabia. Mammalia: Fam. Canidae. Records of the Arabian wolf, Canis lupus arabs Pocock, 1934, from Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia , 2 : 405–411. S eddon P. J., H eezik Y. V. & N ader I. A., 1997: Mammals of the Harrat al-Harrah Protected Area, Saudi Arabia

i Umjetn. Bosne i Hercegovine, Od. Pr. i Mat. Nauka, 33: 1–159 [18] Chiriac, E., Barbu, P. (1968): Contribution to the knowledge of helminth fauna of mammals from family Mustelidae (ord. Carnivora) in Romania. St. si Cerc. Biol., Ser. Zool., 20: 273–281 [19] Dimitrova, Z. M. (1998): Avian acanthocephalans in Bulgaria: morphological, taxonomic and faunistic investigations. PhD Thesis. Thracian University, Stara Zagora [20] Dimitrova, Z., Georgiev, B.B., Genov, T. (2000): Review of the avian acanthocephalans from Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulg., 52: 3–22 [21] Fairley


The research was carried out in 6 territories located in oak forests of Slobozhanshchyna in 2007–2016. Family home ranges were determined using the average nearest neighbour distance between all setts of a sett system for the badgers and between breeding burrows for the foxes. The use of fox and badger family home ranges in different seasons and years was estimated by changes in the use of burrows at the monitoring site of Gomilshanski Lisy National Nature Park. In the oak forests, 173 burrows were studied, among which 75 are used by badgers and 45 by foxes. The area of most of the badger family home ranges in the oak forests is 28–88 hа. The area of the fox family home ranges in the oak forests is 86 to 892 ha. In the oak forests of Slobozhanshchyna, badger and fox family home ranges correspond to the data for similar biotopes in Europe. Seasonal changes of the badger family home range used at the monitoring site in Gomilshanski Lisy NNP in general correspond to literature radio tracking data. Changes in use of the fox family home range de pend on fluctuations of the abundance of rodents.


Taenia taeniaeformis and Taenia crassiceps are cestodes with voles as intermediate hosts and Felidae, Canidae and Mustelidae as definitive hosts. To evaluate the influence of T. taeniaeformis metacestodes on voles in Vorarlberg (Western Austria), a helminthological survey was performed on 318 common voles (Microtus arvalis) and 93 water voles (Arvicola terrestris). Furthermore the metacestodes themselves were analysed by morphometric methods. Our results demonstrate that both T. taeniaeformis and T. crassiceps are endemic in Vorarlberg, and that there is a significant difference between those infected with larvae of T. taeniaeformis and uninfected voles regarding body weight, but not sex or body length.

Seasonal changes in food composition of the Barn Owl (Tyto alba) in the northern part of the "Záhorie" region

33 prey species (10 296 individuals) were recovered from pellets of the Barn Owl in northern part of the "Záhorie" region (Western Slovakia) during period 2002-2006. The family Arvicolidae constituted 65.68 % of recoveries, Soricidae 17.86 %, Muridae 16.64 %, Talpidae 0.04 %, Gliridae 0.02 %, Mustelidae 0.02 %, Vespertilionidae 0.04 % and Aves 4.7 %. Microtus arvalis was predominantly represented by 65.2 %. For evaluation of diet data "The marked differences from the mean method" was used. The results of pellet analyses provide, besides information about owl diet, also new data about occurrence and geographical distribution of small mammalian species and importance of predators in agricultural landscape.


The article summarizes information on the nematodes parasitic in wild Carnivora of Ukraine. Totally, 50 species of nematodes are known to parasitise carnivorans in the country, 30 species were registered in the present study. Nematodes were found in 14 species of examined hosts from the families Canidae, Mustelidae and Felidae. Maximum diversity of nematodes of carnivorans was observed in Polissia (forest zone in the north of the country) and in Kherson Region in the south. Hosts from the family Canidae harboured 19 nematode species; studied species of the Mustelidae were infected with 15 nematode species, 6 of them were also found in Canidae. The wildcat (Felis silvestris Schreber) and the lynx (Lynx lynx Linnaeus) harboured only two species of nematodes, both are specific parasites of these hosts. The most comprehensive information concerns the nematode communities of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus) and the wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus), with 19 and 9 nematode species found, correspondingly. From 1 to 6 nematode species were found in other species of carnivorans.