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References Babbie, E.R., 1998: The practice of social research, Vol. 112. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth publishing company. Bounar, A. and Chahid, A., 2004: Le patrimoine architectural: un heritage millenaire (Architectural heritage : a Millenium Heritage - in French). In: Zainabi, A.T. editor, Trésores et merveilles de la valée du Drâa (Treasures and wonders of Drâa Velley), Rabat : Editions Marsams, pp. 43-54 Bourgeois, L., 1988: Communal cooling: simulating the underground in a southern moroccan town. In: Environmental Design: Journal of the Islamic Environmental

References BRUSTEL H. 2012. Polytrap 2010: new “soft design” window flight trap for saproxylic beetles. [in:] M. JURC (ed.). Saproxylic beetles in Europe: monitoring, biology and conservation. Studia Forestalia Slovenica, Professional and Scientific Works 137. Slovenian Forestry Institute, Ljubljana, 91-92. GERMANN C. 2004. Dolychorhynchotious machadoi sp. n., a new weevil from Morocco (Coleoptera, Curculionidae: Otiorhynchini). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 77(3-4): 223-228. MAGNANO L. 1998. Notes on the Otiorhynchus GERMAR, 1824

REFERENCES Barczuk A., Dłużewski M., Dubis L., Skocki K., 2005, Rozwój pól wydmowych Ergu Chebbi, [Development of dunes areas of Erg Chebbi; in Polish] [in:] Dłużewski M., Tsermegas I. (eds.), Warsztaty geomorfologiczne Maroko [Geomorphologic field workshop in Morocco] 19.04-04.05.2006, Wydział Geografii i Studiów Regionalnych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Stowarzyszenie Geomorfologów Polskich, Warszawa. Dłużewska A., 2003, Wpływ środowiska przyrodniczego na warunki życia ludności autochtonicznej, Współczesna ewolucja środowiska przyrodniczego regionu Coude du Dra

Latos B., Szczucińska A., Kozłowski R. 2019. Assessment of the quality and irrigation purpose suitability of alluvial water in Erfoud, Morocco . Quaestiones Geographicae 38(3), Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe , Poznań , pp. 67–79 4 figs, 6 tables Introduction Access to a sufficient amount of good quality water has always been of key importance for the functioning of mankind. In the 21st century, it is still of primary importance. Global water resources are very diverse in terms of their amount, availability and quality. It depends on many factors, i

Introduction The Moroccan souk (bazaar), located in the narrow streets of a medina, is an inseparable element of the medina’s structure. It is an important place in which trade, craft, and public life flourish. With the development of tourism, mostly during the post-colonial era, The first economic development strategy, which was implemented during the years 1960–1964, had already defined tourism as a priority for the country’s development ( Cauvin Verner 2005 , Daoudi 1994 ). This sector still occupies an important position in the Moroccan economy: according to


Introduction: Mutations in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene have been reported in lung adenocarcinoma, mainly in East Asian, American and Caucasian patients. There are no data available on the frequency of HER2 mutations in North African and Arab lung cancer patients. Materials and Methods: The mutational status of the HER2 gene was evaluated in 88 Moroccan lung adenocarcinoma patients. HER2 mutations in exon 20 were analyzed using conventional DNA sequencing. Results: One HER2 mutation was found in this series of 88 patients (1.1%). This patient was male and a heavy smoker. Conclusion: This study, the first to date dedicated to HER2-mutated North African lung adenocarcinoma patients, revealed that HER2 mutations are relatively infrequent in Moroccan lung adenocarcinomas and thus a probably limited interest of HER2 inhibitors.


A two-part annotated check-list of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Morocco aims to present updated information on this rather neglected group of parasitoid wasps. The first part includes 113 species belonging to 65 genera from 11 subfamilies – Asaphinae, Cerocephalinae, Cleonyminae, Eunotinae, Macromesinae, Miscogastrinae, Ormocerinae, Pireninae, Pteromalinae, Spalangiinae, and Sycoryctinae. One species, Cleonymus longigaster Mitroiu sp. nov., is described as new, and three species (Notanisus versicolor Walker, 1837 and Miscogaster maculata Walker, 1833 and Gastrancistus aff. vagans Westwood, 1833) are newly recorded for the fauna of Morocco. For each species, its distribution in Morocco and hosts are presented.

References Achek, H., & Aidouni, N.(2014) Essai de cartographie géologique par la télédétection optique de la région Hank (Sud-Ouest Algérien). Adiri, Z., El-Harti, A., Jellouli, A., & Maacha, L. (2016) Lithological mapping using Landsat 8 and ASTER multispectral data in the Bas Drâa inlier, Moroccan Anti Atlas. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing . Al HAKIM, A., & SULISTIJO, B. (2013) Integrated Exploration Method to Determine Cu Prospect In Seweden District, Blitar, East Java. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science , 64–69. Amri, K., Mahdjoub, Y., & Guergour, L

New data on the Chironomidae (Diptera) of the Rif (Northern Morocco)

New collections of pupal exuviae of chironomids in various fresh water ecosystems in the Rif in the north of Morocco revealed an interesting inventory. The chironomid community collected is diverse enough and interesting, and rare species are present. Of a total of 141 identified taxa, 46 species have proved to be new for the Rif and 31 for Morocco. The chorological tendency is mainly Palaearctic and Mediterranean. The majority of the sites investigated belong to protected areas in the north of Morocco, such as SIBE Jbel Moussa, SIBE Jbel Tidirrhine, SIBE Jbel Bouhachem and Talassemtane National Park, which belong to the Intercontinental Reserve of the Mediterranean Biosphere.


The estimation of genetic diversity using molecular markers is a major component of genetic conservation programs. In its range, Maritime pine has been extensively studied using different molecular markers and quantitative traits. However, Moroccan populations have been usually represented only by a few typical locations in the Middle Atlas (e.g., Tamjout). To describe the genetic structure and variability of maritime pine in Morocco, eleven populations of this species comprising all major geographic regions (Rif, Middle Atlas and High Atlas) were studied using allozyme markers. A total of 471 samples were analyzed using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of eight enzyme systems encoded by 19 loci. Genetic variation was lower in Morocco than in other ranges of the species. However, genetic diversity was structured and a high differentiation among populations (θ = 10.44%) and a moderate correlation between genetic and geographic distances were found (0.350). Three main groups of populations can be distinguished based on genetic distances: (i) Mediterranean Coastal, (ii) Occidental Rif and Middle Atlas and (iii) High Atlas. The populations from Middle Atlas presented the lowest values of allelic richness and gene diversity whereas the populations from Rif showed a considerable amount of genetic variability. Human impact and isolation are major factors explaining population genetic structure of maritime pine in Morocco. Overexploitation of the forest by intensive cattle grazing and land speculation are suggested to be active mechanisms currently deploying the genetic resources of this species.