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, 36(3): 189–199. Licznar M., Drozd J., Licznar S.E., 1993. Skład ilościowy i jakościowy związków próchnicznych gleb deluwialnych Płaskowyżu Głubczyckiego. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 411: 139–148. Liu X., Lee Burras C., Kravchenko Y. S., Duran A., Huffman T., Morras H., Yuan X., 2012. Overview of Mollisols in the world: distribution, land use and management. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 92(3): 383–402. Łabaz B., 2010. Właściwości kwasów huminowych gleb czar-noziemnych występujących w rejonie Kłodzka. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie 10: 153

Abstract

The morphology and properties of heavily eroded soils found in chernozems in the upland landscape of the Proszowice Plateau (southern part of Poland) was presented. The issue of classification of these soils was also discussed. Taking into account the terrain context, it should have been assumed that these soils were formed as a result of strong erosion (truncation) of chernozems. These (post-chernozem) soils were relatively young, in which only the development of humus horizon can be documented. However, the accumulation of humus was hampered by constantly intense erosion processes. Evidence of the occurrence of the illuviation process as well as formation of cambic horizon is not visible macroscopically and microscopically. These soils are often classified as weakly developed soils though despite the poor development of the soil profile, they are characterized by potentially high productivity, which results both from the properties of their parent material (texture, porosity) and from their youthfulness (carbonate content both in fine earths and in nodules, high pH in whole profile). Therefore, the name proposed in Polish Soil Classification, 6th edition (‘pararędzina’) seems to be justified. These soils would be classified as Entisols according to USDA Soil Taxonomy and as Regosols according to WRB.

of Hydrology 332: 348–360. Kędziora A., 2008. Bilans wodny krajobrazu konińskich kopalni odkrywkowych w zmieniających się warunkach klimatycznych. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 59(2): 104–118. Khan F., Fenton T., 1994. Saturated zones and soil morphology in a Mollisol catena of central Iowa. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58: 1457–1464. Komisarek J., 2000. Kształtowanie się właściwości gleb płowych i czarnych ziem oraz chemizmu wód gruntowych w katenie falistej Pojezierza Poznańskiego. Rozprawy Naukowe, Zeszyt 307, Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej

References Adak T., Sachan R.S. 2009. Effect of co-inoculation of Sinorhizobium meliloti and Bacillus megaterium on yield and nutrient uptake of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in Mollisol soil. J. Med. Arom. Pl. Sci. 31: 124-130. Adak T., Singh S., Sachan R.S. 2007. Growth and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as influenced by Sinorhizobium meliloti and Bacillus megaterium in a Mollisol. J. Med. Arom. Pl. Sci. 29(2): 51-53. Adak T., Singha A., Kumar K., Singh V.K. 2013. Impact of different substrates on spatial variations of soil organic

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.O., Djigal, D., Masse, D., Sembène, P.M., Chapuis-Lardy, L. (2013): The Infl Uence Of A Shrub-Based Intercropping System On The Soil Nematofauna When Growing Millet In Senegal. Eur. J. Soil Biol., 57: 35 - 41. Doi: 10.1016/J.Ejsobi.2013.04.003 Ding, J.L., Jiang, X., Guan, D.W., Zhao, B.S., Ma, M.C., Zhou, B.K., Cao, F.M., Yang, X.H., Li, L., Li, J. (2017): Infl Uence Of Inorganic Fertilizer And Organic Manure Application On Fungal Communities In A Long-Term Fi Eld Experiment Of Chinese Mollisols. Appl. Soil Ecol., 111: 114 - 122. Doi: 10.1016/J.Apsoil.2016.12.003 Ferris, H

References Anderson, T.W., Darling, D.A., 1954. A test of goodness of fit. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 49, 765-769. Baráth, C., Ittzés, A., Ugrósdy, G., 1996. Biometry. (Biometria.) Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest. (In Hungarian.) Brevik, E.C., Fenton, T.E., 2002. The relative influence of soil water, clay, temperature, and carbonate minerals on soil electrical conductivity readings taken with an EM-38 along a Mollisol catena in central Iowa. Soil Survey Horizons, 43, 9-13. Cook, P.G., Walker, G.R., Buselli, G., Potts, I., Dodds, A.R., 1992. The

.D., Kohnke, H., 1942. An automatic self recording infiltrometer. Soil Sci., 53, 429-434. Prieksat, M.A., Ankeny, M.D., Kaspar, T.C., 1992. Design for an automated, self-regulating, single-ring infiltrometer. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 56, 1409-1411. Spongrova, K., Kechavarzi, C., Dresser, M., Matula, S., Godwin, R.J., 2009. Development of an automated tension infiltrometer for field use. Vadose Zone J., 8, 810-817. Thompson, J.A., Bell, J.C., Zanner, C.W., 1998. Hydrology and hydric soil extent within a mollisol catena in southeastern Minnesota. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 62, 1126

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