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Abstract

The article deals with the psychological and linguistic methods of establishing a social life and the impact of the magazines on the public consciousness in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Press provided concealed manipulation programming of the citizens′ behaviour. The whole society was imposed with the regulated values, moral imperatives and ideals via indoctrination, pressure and attack. Mass zombing was considerably played by “the new language” which implemented the basic notions of the totalitarian ideology. Transforming of citizens′ consciousness was possible by manipulating with their interests and desires. In this way the run of social processes was regulated. Russification, denationalization and destroying of national memory took place. Having no alternative a person was transformed into a system cog. Thus the aim of the article is to specify the influence of the journal periodicals in 1950- 1980s by psycho-linguistic means on forming the necessary concept of “a Soviet person”. The following methods were used: concrete historical and sociological press analysis, systematic and comparative analysis as well as generalization of contents and subjects of the magazines, analysis of political impact factors on magazines transformation as the mean of forming public consciousness, content analysis for stating the level of ideological partiality in the magazines and the frequency of usage of the ideological words in magazine texts and peculiarity of their combinability. Content analysis indicators are received by calculation on the sectional observation material. The basis of the empirical research is four public-political magazines “Ukrayina” (“Ukraine”), “Vitchyzna” (“Motherland”), “Zhovten’” (“October”), “Radyans’ka Zhinka” (“Soviet Woman”) and two children’s magazines “Barvinok” (“Periwinkle”) and “Malyatko”2 (“Baby”) of the 1950-1980s.

Abstract

Educational as well as care and upbringing institutions intended for Jewish children and youths have a long and solid tradition in Polish lands. Within this group, institutional forms of preschool education merit attention, all the more that other national and ethnic minorities didn’t run their own pre-schools in Poland after World War II. In this landscape, Jewish preschools must be considered an exception. Ultimately, however, they suffered the same fate as other care and education institutions run by entities inconvenient from the point of view of the educational policy of the party and government authorities in Poland, inspired by the Marxist-Leninist ideology, guidelines of the communist head office in Moscow and implementing the monopolistic vision of the so-called socialist educational and development system.

Forić (University of Sarajevo), presented a paper on Power of Form and Form of Power: Legal Reproduction of Collectivistic Ideology in the Example of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Constitutional Law in which he gave a socio-legal analysis of contemporary Bosnian constitutional law. Forić argued that the Marxist-Leninist ideology of actually existing socialism, hegemonic in Yugoslav times, has been replaced by the ideology of collectivism. The final paper in the panel was presented by Dr. Dace Šulmane (University of Geneva), and was devoted to Legal Tools for an

Soviet Union, the official Soviet Marxist-Leninist ideology perished from this Baltic country, and its place was taken by nationalism. Šulmane traces the influence of ideology upon various fields of law, including especially the language laws favouring the Latvian language at the expense of Russian. Lidia Rodak and Piotr Żak compared the traditional and the modern models of applying law, i.e. the the syllogistic model, based on subsumption, and the argumentative model, based on balancing principles. They came to the conclusion that the main difference between