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Physiological Aspects and Injuries in Mixed Martial Arts

References 1. ALM, P., 2013. Physiological Characters in Mixed Martial Arts. American Journal of Sports Science. 1 , 12-17. 2. AMTMANN, J. A., K. A. AMTMANN & W. K. SPATH, 2008. Lactate and Rate of Perceived Exertion Responses of Athletes Training for and Competing in a Mixed Martial Arts Event. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22 , 645–647. 3. BLEDSOE, G. H., E. B. HSU, J. G. GRABOWSKI, J. D. BRILL & G. LI, 2006. Incidence of injury in professional mixed martial arts competitions . 7 , 136-142. 4. BRASWELL, M. T. et

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Social Stratification in Japanese and Some Other Martial Arts: A Comparison and Discussion of Changes

-258). New York - Westport, Connecticut - London: Greenwood Press. Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and symbolic power . Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Clément, J.P. (1995). Contributions of the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu to the sociology of sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 12, 147-157. Clements, J (2011). The humanist component within renaissance martial arts teaching. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 11(2), 32-37. Coelho de Araujo, P. (2005a). Capoeira: um nome

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Factors of Development of Far Eastern Martial Arts in Central Europe

References Cynarski W.J. Recepcja i internalizacja etosu dalekowschodnich sztuk walki przez osoby ćwiczące. Rzeszów Uniwersytet Rzeszowski. 2006) Cynarski W.J., Obodyński K. Factors and Barriers of Development of Far Eastern Martial Arts and Combat Sports in Poland. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research. 2007. Vol. 1 (XLV): 139-147. Cynarski W.J., Sieber L., Litwiniuk A. Perception, understanding and adaptation of Asian martial arts in the West: a sociological analysis

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The Future of Historical European Martial Arts Studies. A discussion

VI. BIBLIOGRAPHY VI.1. Secondary sources Aschnitz, Wolfgang, ed., Das wissensvermittelnde Schrifttum im 15. Jahrhundert , Deutsches Literatur Lexicon, Band 7 (Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2015). Bowman, Paul, Martial Arts Studies (London; New York: Rowman Littlefield, 2015). Farrer, Douglas S., and John Whalen-Bridge, eds., Martial Arts as Embodied Knowledge: Asian Traditions in a Transnational World (New York: SUNY Press, 2011). Hall, Stuart, ‘Cultural Studies and Its Theoritical Legacies’, in Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in

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Limits of Understanding in the Study of Lost Martial Arts
Epistemological Reflections on the Mediality of Historical Records of Technique and the Status of Modern (Re-)Constructions

VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY VIII.1. Primary sources Leeds, Royal Armouries, ms. I.33. Nürnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum. ms. 3227a. VIII.2. Secondary sources Anglo, Sydney, The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000). Bachmann-Medick, Doris, Cultural Turns: New Orientations in the Study of Culture , De Gruyter Textbook (Berlin, Boston: de Gruyter, 2016). Barber, Richard, and Juliet Barker, Tournaments: Jousts, Chivalry and Pageants in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989

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Susceptibility To Injury During Falls In Women Practising Combat Sports And Martial Arts

., Klukowski K., Langfort J., Gąsienica-Walczak B. (2011). The method to evaluate the susceptibility to injuries during the fall – validation procedure of the specific motor test. Archives of Budo 7(4), 201-215. 19. Gierczuk D., Długołęcka B. (2009). Anaerobic capacity of lower limb muscles in juvenile wrestlers. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 16(2), 115-120. 20. Gierczuk D., Bujak Z. (2013). The analysis of coordination training means used in the training of wrestlers. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 4(1), 19-23. 21. Sterkowicz S., Lech

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Martial Arts and Combat Sports – Similarities and Differences in Terms of the Basic Activities of a Coach

References Kalina R.M. (2000). Martial sports theory . Warszawa: COS. [in Polish] Pertyñski W. (2006). Barbarian in the palace of science . Leszno: PWSZ. [in Polish] Harasymowicz J. (2007). Competences of combat sports and martial arts educators in light of the holistic fair self-defence model of training. Archives of Budo , 3 (7), 7-14. Choi H.H. (1965). Taekwon-do: the art of self-defence . South Korea: Daeha. Capoeira N. (2002). Capoeira. Roots of the dance

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A Look Behind the Scenes: Danish Renaissance Martial Arts during the Reign of Christian IV


From the 4th – 7th of July 2016, the annual International Medieval Congress was held in Leeds, England. Among the many different sessions two specifically addressed historical European martial arts. The first session discussed and commented upon modern practices and interpretations of historical European martial arts, each paper being based on good practice and the proper criteria for academic research. The second session, in which this paper was presented, went more “behind the scenes”, discussing the importance of thorough analysis of the historical context which remains essential to forming a foundation for solid hypotheses and interpretations.

This article discusses and sheds light upon Danish historical martial art during the reign of the Danish King Christian IV (r.1588 to 1648). At this point in time Europe consisted of many small principalities in addition to a few larger states and kingdoms. Thoughts and ideas could spread as quickly as ripples in water but also be bound by political and religious alliances or enmities, plague, famine and not to mention the role also played by topographical and cultural differences. Thus, at times, vast cultural differences could be seen from region to region.

To this should be added a wide range of social factors, such as the role of relationships and mentalities, and the obeying of unspoken norms and codes which can also affect modern researchers’ interpretations of what is shown or described. Therefore, the aim of this article is to provide a series of “behind the scenes” examples which all have the potential to affect hypotheses, interpretations, and overall understandings of the context of historical European martial arts.

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The Locus of Control and the Sense of Personal Competence in Young Athletes Practicing Martial Arts
LOC and competences of young athletes


Introduction. The locus of control and the sense of competence are the psychological resources relevant to the taking-up and continuation of actions in certain situations. They are important regulating factors of the relationships between the man and the environment. It seems that, in such a specific field as martial arts are, these characteristics are useful and their identification and targeted strengthening desirable. The aim of the research presented in this paper was to gather knowledge about the sense of competence and self-control of young people practicing martial arts, as well as the relationship between these variables. Materials and methods. A total of 39 people aged 14-19 years participated in this research. All of them practiced martial arts. They had an average of more than two years training. Data were collected through the (KBPK) Locus of control Questionnaire (by G. and A. Krasowicz Kurzyp-Wojnarski) and the Personal Competence Scale KompOs (by Z. Juczyñski), and a questionnaire designed specifically for this research. Results. Statistical analyses conducted for the study have showed that the respondents represent a transient sense of locus of control, and average levels of personal competence in the field of strength and perseverance. Out of the measured variables, the locus of control in the event of success and a sense of strength were relatively highest. These variables also proved to be interdependent. Analysis also allowed for identification of many other relationships between the variables. Conclusions. Our findings may provide a clue for a possible modification of programs mentally preparing young athletes for martial arts sports. They may also act as suggestions sensitise trainers to specific psychosocial needs of young athletes.

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Fighting with the Longsword: Modern-day HEMA Practices

. Secondary sources Amatuccio, Giovanni, “Chocking under pressure” and “Target panic”: the causes of failure in Archery in the light of modern Sciences and ancient Traditions, < > [queried 26 May 2017]. Burkart, Eric, ‘Limits of Understanding in the Study of Lost Martial Arts: Epistemo-logical Reflections on the Mediality of Historical Records of Technique and the Status of Modern (Re

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