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The EU’s Maritime Security Strategy: a Neo-Medieval Perspective on the Limits of Soft Security?

Bueger, C., 2015. “What is maritime security?” Marine Policy , 53: 159-164. Bueger C. 2015 “What is maritime security?” Marine Policy 53 159 164 Bull, H., 1977. The Anarchical Society . London: MacMillan. Bull H. 1977 The Anarchical Society London MacMillan Calvo, A., 2014. Small Wars and Non-Lethal Force at Sea: The Wave of the Future? Small Wars Journal , July 17th, available at: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/small-wars-and-non-lethal-force-at-sea-the-wave-of-the-future Calvo A. 2014 Small Wars

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From Politicization to Securitization of Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea

: Cambridge University Press. Booth K. 2007 Theory of World Security Cambridge Cambridge University Press Bueger, C., 2015. What is maritime security? Marine Policy , 53: 159–164. Bueger C. 2015 What is maritime security? Marine Policy 53 159 164 Buzan, B., 1983. People, States, and Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations . 2nd ed. Brighton, Sussex: Wheatsheaf Books. Buzan B. 1983 People, States, and Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations 2nd ed. Brighton, Sussex

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Maritime Security and the Role of Coast Guards: The Case of Finland and the Åland Islands’ Demilitarisation

Public International Law . 6 th edition. Oxford: OUP, 2003. 8. Bueger, Christian. “What is maritime security?” Marine Policy Vol. 53 (2015): 159–164. 9. Burke, William T. The new International Law of Fisheries: UNCLOS 1982 and beyond . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994. 10. Buzan, Barry. People, States and Fear: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cld War Era . 2 nd ed. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991. 11. Castrén, Erik. Ahvenanmaan linnoittamattomuus ja neutralisointi, LM . 1939. 12. Corn, Geoffrey S

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Unmanned Surface Vehicles in Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection Applications — LNG Terminal in Świnoujście

Abstract

In order to first Baltic LNG terminal in Świnoujście construction, issues concerning maritime critical infrastructure protection as a part of Maritime Security appeared. With the increasing natural gas demand LNG terminal in Świnoujście could be a possible terrorist attack target as well as the LNG carriers crossing the choke point of Baltic Straits and sailing through the littoral waters of Polish and other Baltic counties coastline. Experts do not fully agree on possible effects and results of successful terrorist assault on LNG carrier at sea nor at harbor.

Unmanned platforms begin to play prominent role in military, oceanography or academic applications. With the announcement of reducing the hazard for deck operators especially in high-risk regions, it is predicted that unmanned platforms will play crucial role in Maritime Security systems in the nearest future. This paper discusses the design of the USV dedicated to LNG terminal protection tasks introduces potential equipment options and missions scenarios of first Polish unmanned platform ‘Edredon’.

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Maritime Training Serbian Autonomous Vessel Protection Detachment

REFERENCES [1] Actions to be taken to prevent acts of piracy and armed robbery, Model course 3.23 (2011 Edition). [2] Best Management Practices for Protection against, Somalia Based Piracy, Version 4, August 2011. [3] Guide to Maritime Security and ISPS Code, IMO, 2012 Edition. [4] International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) as amended, including the 1995 and 2010 Manila Amendments, IMO, 2011 Edition. [5] Radojević S. M., The case of Somali pirates, ‘Military Work’, 2012

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The Missing Chapter. Seapower and the Baltic Sea. Review of Admiral James Stravidis, USN (Ret.) (2017) Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World’s Oceans. New York: Penguin Press

References Combes, W. (2013). Value of the Freedom of the Seas. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3028642 Sloggett, D. (2013). The anarchic sea: maritime security in the twenty-first century. Hurst & Company, London. Stavridis, J. (2014). The accidental admiral: a sailor takes command at NATO. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland. Stavridis, J., Ancell, R.M. (2017). The leader’s bookshelf. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland. Till, G. (2013). Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-First Century. Routledge, London

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THE APPLICATION OF METHODS OF ROBUST M-ESTIMATION IN ESTABLISHING SHIP POSITION IN MARINE TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS BASED ON RADAR OBSERVATIONS

ABSTRACT

In the last years considerable emphasis has been placed on safety at sea. There is the maritime security and surveillance system whose main aim is to execute tasks in the interests of maritime safety and to react in case of emergency. They are monitored by networks of radar stations. On such areas we obtain a lot of navigation data which could be used to improve ship’s parameters (position), using know in geodesy modern M-estimation methods. Simultaneous acquisition of navigational information from many independent radar stations will render it possible to obtain a more accurate ship position in marine traffic surveillance systems in relation to the calculated position. A position expected in an adjustment calculus is received from a watch officer. It is burdened with a fallacy of navigation systems and the quality of marking ship’s route on a map. In the case of navigational-parameter measurements used for depicting ship position, one can obtain incorrect results due to a disturbance in the measurement process. In extreme cases, such erroneous data could significantly differ from the anticipated results. Deviating observations could significantly influence the values of measurement results. In order to eliminate the determination of erroneous measurements, one could use resistant estimation methods with suitably selected attenuation functions. The accuracy of a determined position will not be better than the capabilities of the device used. Adjustment gives the possibility of eliminating or minimizing human errors as well as the errors in the indications of navigational devices. This paper presents the latest robust estimation methods using Danish attenuation function for adjustment of navigational observation, using radar observation.

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Risk of the Maritime Supply Chain System Based on Interpretative Structural Model

study of Taiwan. Saf. Sci. 63 (3), 168-178 14. J. P. P. Vilko, J. M. Hallikas, 2012. Risk assessment in multimodal supply chains. Int. J. Prod. Econ. 140, 586-595. 15. S. Gurning, S. Cahoon, 2011. Analysis of multi-mitigation scenarios on maritime disruptions. Marit. Pol. Manage. 38 (3), 251-268. 16. UNCTAD, 2006. Maritime Security: Elements of an Analytical Framework for Compliance Measurement and Risk Assessment. Reported by UNCTAD, 1-10. 17. U. Juttner, H. Peck, M. Christopher, 2003. Supply chain risk

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Performance Analysis of a Medium Frequency Offshore Grid for Identification Of Vessels Sailing on High Density Maritime European Routes

, pp. 244-248, 2012. 9. G.K. Høye, T. Eriksen, B.J. Meland, B.T. Narheim, “Spacebased AIS for global maritime traffic monitoring”, Acta Astronautica, vol. 62, no. 2-3, pp. 240-245, 2008. 10. K. Inoue, H. Usui, K. Hirono, W. Sera, “A ship monitoring system using a communication satellite for maritime safety”, Maritime Security and MET, pp. 205-217, 2005. 11. J.L. Larrabel, M.A. Gómez, I. Sotés, F.J. Alvarez, M.C. Rey, V.E. Mielgo, I. Sotes, Basogain, “Vessel condition monitorization through satellite using principal X

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The Rise of China and Its Implications to Northeast Asia

China,’ Ershiyi Shiji [21st Century Bimonthly], no. 116 (December), pp. 6–10. Ting, W. (2013a), The ‘Grand Strategy’ and foreign policies of China during the rise,’ in W. George & F. Chen (eds.) Dongxifang wenhua yu waijiao fanglue bijiao [A Comparison of Eastern and Western Culture and Diplomatic Strategies: Theoretical Studies], Macau: University of Macau, pp. 231–242. Ting, W. (2013b), ‘China’s naval development and the evolving security dilemma in East Asia,’ Comprehensive Security in Northeast Asia: Maritime Security , KAS Journal on

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