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Mandarin and Scalarity

. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 25. 39–81. Giannakidou, Anastasia & Lisa Cheng. 2006. (In)Definiteness, polarity, and the role of wh-morphology in free choice. Journal of Semantics 23. 135–183. Haspelmath, Martin. 1997. Indefinite pronouns . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Heim, Irene. 1984. A note on negative polarity and downward entailingness. In Charles Jones & Peter Sells (eds.), Proceedings of NELS 14, 98–107. Amherst: GLSA. Hole, Daniel. 2004. Focus and background marking in Mandarin Chinese: System and theory behind cái, jiù, dōu

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AP-de (地) Adverbs in Mandarin

. Drachman, Gaberell & Angeliki Malikouti-Drachman. 1992. Stress and Greek compounding. Unpublished manuscript, University of Salzberg. Emonds, Joseph. 1976. A transformational approach to English syntax: Root, structure preserving, and local transformations. New York: Academic Press. Emonds, Joseph. 1985. A unified theory of syntactic categories. Dordrecht: Foris. Ernst, Thomas. 2002. The syntax of adjuncts. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Ernst, Thomas. 2014. Adverbial adjuncts in Mandarin Chinese

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An Analysis of Ethnic Influence on Language: Mandarin or Xinjiang Mandarin?

://www.researchgate.net/profile/Martin_Haspelmath/publication/279973916_Lexical_borrowing_concepts_and_issues/links/5655dd7308ae1ef9297950d9/Lexicalborrowing-concepts-and-issues.pdf . (Last accessed: 28 April 2018). Huang, Wenfang–Kan, Yaoping. 1990. 新疆坎儿井的历史, 现状和今后发展 [The history, current status, and future development of qanat in Xinjiang]. 干旱区地 理 3: 33–37. Jiang, Yuen–Tong, Daoru–Li, Yijun. 1986. 郭疆霍城莫合烟 [Rolled tobacco in Huo city, Xinjiang]. 中国烟草 3: 9. Li, Xiangrui. 2002. 对新疆汉语教学的几点思考 [Some thoughts on Chinese teaching in Xinjiang]. 语言与翻译 1: 57–59. Lu, Wenli. 2011. 新疆汉语方言词汇浅论 [Discussion on Mandarin

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Nonlinguistic Factors that Affect the Degree of Foreign Accent in Second Language Mandarin

-based, multimodal Chinese tone perception training. Language Learning 67(4). 819–857. Guion, Susan, James E. Flege & Jonathan D. Loftin. 2000. The effect of L1 use on pronunciation in Quichua-Spanish bilinguals. Journal of Phonetics 28. 27–42. Hao, Yen-Chen. 2012. Second language acquisition of Mandarin Chinese tones by tonal and non-tonal language speakers. Journal of Phonetics 40(2). 269–279. Hao, Yen-Chen. 2018. Contextual effect in second language perception and production of Mandarin tones. Speech Communication 97. 32–42. Hosmer, David W

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Why Plurality of the Possessor Matters in Mandarin Chinese Inalienable Possession

. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 4(3). 197–234. Cheng, Lisa & Elizabeth Ritter. 1988. A small clause analysis of inalienable possession in Mandarin and French. In James Blevins & Juli Carter (eds.), Proceedings of the 18th Northeast Linguistic Society ( NELS 18 ), 65–78. Amherst, MA: GLSA. Cheng, Lisa & Rint Sybesma. 1999. Bare and not-so-bare nouns and the structure of NP. Linguistic Inquiry 30(4). 509–542. Chierchia, Gennaro. 1998. Reference to kinds across language. Natural Language Semantics 6(4). 339–405. Chierchia, Gennaro. 2015

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Syntactic Sources of Adjectives in Mandarin Chinese

.), Presuppositions and discourse: Essays offered to Hans Kamp, 273-285. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Paul, Waltraud. 2005. Adjective modification in Mandarin Chinese and related issues. Linguistics 43. 757-793. Paul, Waltraud. 2010. Adjectives in Mandarin Chinese: The rehabilitation of a much ostracized category. In Patricia Cabredo Hofherr & Ora Matushansky (eds.), Adjectives: Formal analyses in syntax and semantics, 115–152. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Sproat, Richard & Chilin Shih. 1988. Prenominal adjectival ordering in English and Chinese. In James L. Blevins

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Appearance and Existence in Mandarin Chinese

: A preliminary investigation . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Levin, Beth & Malka Rappaport Hovav. 1995. Unaccusativity: At the syntax-lexical semantics interface . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Li, Charles N. & Sandra A. Thompson. 1981. Mandarin Chinese . Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press. Li, Yen-Hui Audrey. 1990. Order and constituency in Mandarin Chinese . Berlin: Springer. Li, Yen-Hui Audrey. 1996. Definite and indefinite existential constructions. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 26(1/2). 175

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Derivation of the Apparent Narrow Scope of Sentence-Final Particles in Chinese: A Reply to Erlewine (2017)

. 2011. Sentence-final only and the interpretation of focus in Mandarin Chinese. In Louis Liu & Lauren Eby (eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics ( NACCL-22 ) and the 18th annual meeting of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics ( IACL-18 ) Volume 2. 18–35. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. Erlewine, Michael Yoshitaka. 2017. Low sentence-final particles in Mandarin Chinese and the final-over-final constraint. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 26(1). 37–75. Hsieh, Feng-fan & Rint Sybesma. 2011

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A Cartographic Analysis of the Syntactic Structure of Mandarin Ba

References Basciano, Bianca. 2010. Verbal compounding and causativity in mandarin Chinese. Verona: University of Verona dissertation. Belletti, Adriana, Naama Friedmann, Dominique Brunato & Luigi Rizzi. 2012. Does gender make a difference? Comparing the effect of gender on children’s comprehension of relative clauses in Hebrew and Italian. Lingua 122(10). 1053–1069. Bender, Emily. 2000. The syntax of mandarin bǎ: Reconsidering the verbal analysis. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 9(2). 105–145. Chappell, Hilary. 2006. From

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A Note on Reference to Kinds in Mandarin: the N-leikind Compound

, Willard V., 1969. Ontological relativity and other essays. New York: Columbia University Press. Yang, Rong. 2001. Common nouns, classifiers, and quantification in Chinese. Rutgers University PhD dissertation. Zamparelli, Roberto. 2001. Definite and bare kind-denoting noun phrases. In Claire Beyssade, Reineke Bok-Bennema, Frank Drijkoningen & Paola Monachesi (eds.), Proceedings of going romance 2000. John Benjamins Publishers, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia. Zhang, Niina. 2013. Classifier structures in Mandarin Chinese. Mouton de

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