and localisation. When analysing this phenomenon, it is advisable to apply a spatial approach, which allows for the identification of various determinants and mechanisms of creativity-shaping in different locations undergoing different processes. The objective of the present study is to identify rules governing the distribution and thematic structure of creative activities within the region illustrated with an example of LowerSilesia. The implementation of the objectives also comprises the identification of the distance of rural areas from cities in relation to the
., Lenartowicz-Kubart Z.: Tumors in dogs in anatomopathological researches since 1985 to 1993. Med Weter 1996, 52 , 263-267. 6. Michalska Z., Michalski Z.: Prevalence of neoplasms in domestic animals in Wrocław and LowerSilesia during 1976-1995. Med Weter 1997, 53 , 263-267. 7. Nowak M., Madej J.A., Ciaputa R., Poradowski D.: Manifestation of tumours in domestic animals in LowerSilesia in 2005-2008. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2010, 54 , 229-236. 8. Nowak M., Madej J.A.: Prevalence of neoplasms in domestic animals in LowerSilesia between 2000 and 2004. Med Weter 2006, 62 , 900
project. But the most important element in the whole process are users and their expectations as the public space is being designed for them ( Regalo da Fonseca 2014 : 2). Citizens are the ones that gather on urban squares hence their role seems to be crucial when envisaging the successful public square. This article aims to characterize transitions of main city squares, the process that took place in the last 15 years in different cities and towns of LowerSilesia. The paper indicates varying attitudes toward such projects; from preservation to new uses of this public
References Dziekoński T, 1972. Wydobywanie i metalurgia kruszców na Dolnym Śląsku (Mining and metallurgy of ores in LowerSilesia). Wydawnictwo PAN, Wroclaw, 418 (in Polish). Firszt S, 2006. Badania archeologiczne nad dolnośląskim górnictwem kruszcowym w latach 1975-2000 (The archeological researches of Lower Silesian ore mining (1975-2000). Prace Naukowe Instytytutu Górn. Politechniki Wroclawskiej, ser. Studia i Materiały 117(32): 75-79 (in Polish). Grabner M, Klein A, Geihofer D, Reschreiter H, Barth F, Sormaz T and Wimmer R, 2006. Bronze Age dating of timber
. (2010). Segetal communities species in flora of selected gravel pits on the Siedlce Upland (in Polish), Fragmenta Agronomica, 27(3), 34-43.  Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A. & Sawicki L. (1979). Mineral resources of LowerSilesia, pp. 510, Ossolineum Wrocław 1979  Falihski B. (1972). Synantropization of the vegetation - an attempt to point out of the problem essence and main research directions, Phytocenosis, 1(3), 157-169.  Fabiszewski J. (1993). The problems of plant-cover preservation in the area of the Śleza Hills, Annales Silesiae, 23, 65
i Inwestycji Zagranicznych; Statistical Yearbooks of LowerSilesia 1999-2010 (2000-2011), Wrocław: Statistical Office; Portal of the local data bank available at www.stat.gov.pl; Sadowski, Z. (ed.) (1999), Kapitał zagraniczny w Polsce. Warunki działania, Warsaw: Dom Wydawniczy Bellona; Studiów i Ekspertyz - Wydział Analiz Ekonomicznych i Społecznych, Information 789, June 2001; Wieczorkiewicz, A. and Dąbrowska, K. (2002), Konsekwencje napływu kapitału z obszaru Unii Europejskiej do sektora bankowego w Polsce, „Ekonomia” Kwartalnik Wydziału Nauk Ekonomicznych
Possibilities of hyperlink application in spatial research
The main aim of the paper is to show the selected ways of analysing, the possible interpretations and expectations concerning the analyses of hyperlinks in spatial research. The connections existing in cyberspace for selected self-government websites of Lower Silesia were shown to illustrate the issue. The analyses were conducted for selected websites of self-government units at all levels functioning in Lower Silesia. The paper presents two approaches to the analysis of hyperlinks: analysis of outlinks and inlinks. The presented results allow us to identify some regularities regarding the functioning of connections in cyberspace versus the connections in the real world. From the perspective of self-government websites it can be concluded that the connections in cyberspace reflect the real connections. In the majority of the analysed cases there is a clear connection with the actual scope of activity. The remaining relationships with administrative cities reflect the significance of these cities for the functioning of self-government units in the social, economic, legal, and administrative conditions. Based on the conducted analyses it can be concluded that the study of hyperlinks may be useful in understanding the relationships between geographical space and cyberspace. They may form a new, interesting field of spatial research. We also found some challenges in the study of hyperlinks' spatial aspects: the identification of consistent criteria for determining the websites' ‘location in space’, the possibility of interpreting the research results and the dynamics of the Internet.
podziemnych województwa dolnośląskiego rok 2013 (Quality assessment of groundwater of LowerSilesia in 2013), WIOŚ, Wrocław  Ju T.X., Kou C.L., Zhang F.S., Christie P. 2006 Nitrogen balance and groundwater nitrate contamination: Comparison among three intensive cropping systems on the North China Plain. Environmental Pollution, 143, 117-125  Igras J., 2006 Środowiskowe skutki nawożenia roślin w Polsce (Environmental impacts of plant fertilization in Poland), Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej, 1, 83-92  Jelonkiewicz E., Jelonkiewicz Ł. P., Wolanin A. 2015 Czynniki
Glaciation. Geological Quarterly 58(4): 685–694. Kabała C. (ed.)., 2015. Soils of LowerSilesia: origins, diversity, and protection. PTG, PTSH. Wrocław: 256 pp. Kacprzak A., Derkowski A., 2007. Cambisols developed from cover-beds in the Pieniny Mts (southern Poland) and their mineral composition. Catena 71(2): 292–297. Komisarek J., Szałata S., 2008 Textural differentiation in pedons of Albeluvisols in the Wielkopolska Region. Nauka Przyroda Technologie, Melioracje i Inżynieria Środowiska 2: 2–10 (In Polish). Kondracki J., 2001. Geografia regionalna Polski. Wydawnictwo
Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the study was to present the development of the tourist function in the areas of Lower Silesian landscape parks. The subject of the study were the communes associated with Lower Silesian landscape parks. Materials and methods: The study covered 59 communes of the Lower Silesia Voiovodeship where 12 landscape parks are located. In this research six indicators of the level of tourism development were listed - three in the field of conditions of tourism development and three in the field of tourist traffic. Results: A significant dependency between the surface area of a landscape park and the state of tourismoriented land development was established. It turned out that among the 59 surveyed communes in 14 of them there are no tourist accommodation facilities. Conclusions: Based on the conducted surveys, it was found that the highest level of tourist function development occurs in the communes associated with the following landscape parks: Śnieżnik, the Sudety Wałbrzyskie, the Owl Mountains, Książ and Bóbr Valley Landscape Park.