(49), 127–138. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25805440/  Druzhinin, A. G., Gorochnya, V. V., Gontar, N. V., Dets, I. A., Lachininskii, S. S. & Mikhailov, A. S. (2017). Transboundary clusters in the coastal zones of the European part of Russia: inventory, typology, factors, and prospects. Baltic Region 9(4), 21–32. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2017-4-2.  Druzhinin, A. G., Lachininskii, S. S. & Shendrik, A. V. (2018). The economic and residential dynamics of settlements of the Leningradregion: influence of factors of a cross-border clustering. Proceedings of the
The aim of our study was to compare the growth rates of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) with those of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) in plantations. The experimental plots were established in 1988, 1989 and 1994 in the southern part of the Leningrad region. In 2014, the condition of the plants on those plots was examined and their linear parameters were measured. The comparison of Scots pine with lodgepole pine of the same age growing in similar soil conditions has shown that Scots pine has only an insignificant advantage over lodgepole pine in the growth rate. In the mixes of Norway spruce and lodgepole pine, Norway spruce considerably suppresses the growth of lodgepole pine.
Lodgepole pine has successfully adapted to the climatic conditions of the Leningrad region of Russia, which is easy to see from the well-preserved plantations and their annual bearing. No significant damage because of either diseases or insect pests has been revealed.
It is for the first time that the volume yield of lodgepole pine was determined in 20-to 26-year-old experimental plantations in the Leningrad region of Russia.
practice. Modern problems of forestry and forest management. St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University, 139-140. Nikolaeva M.A., Faizulin D.Kh., Jamaleev O.А. 2010. Comparative evaluation of production non-local climatypes of pine and spruce on North-West of Russia. 4 Melekhov scientific readings dedicated to 105 birthday of I.S. Melekhov, 10-12 November 2010. Arkhangelsk, 87-91. Nikolaeva M.A., Zhigunov А.В. 2012. Phenological and reproductive features of spruce in geographical plantations of the Leningradregion. Lesovedenie, 2, 35-46. Persson B., Persson A
In 2001–2006, several experimental aspen plantations were established in the North-West of Russia (Leningrad region). Three in vitro propagated elite aspen (Populus tremula L.) clones from the Kostroma Forest Research Station were used as the planting stock for plantations. The planting plans of some experimental plantations were lost, which made it impossible to identify the genetic lineages. 13-years old unknown aspen clones demonstrated prominent growth rates, and reliably overtook natural aspen coppice. ISSR markers were used for fast and cheap restoring of the missing planting plan of the experimental aspen plantation under study; as a result, progenies of three elite aspen clones were recognized. The best fast-growing and stem rot resistant aspen clones was identified and called “Kostroma”.
), 2004: Eesti pisisamblikud. - Tartu. Stepanchikova I.S., Kuznetsova E.S., Himelbrant D.E., 2009: New records of lichens and allied fungi from the Eastern LeningradRegion. - Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 46: 75-78. Wirth V., 1995: Die Flechten Baden-Würtembergs, 2. - Stuttgart.
Federation. (2013). Moscow: Center of the Public Private Partnership development. Guidelines for intercluster cooperation on the basis of the environmental risk assessment and implementation of green technologies into the modern business practices. (2013). The principles of cross-border cooperation of the Leningradregion and the South-East Finland / G. G. Gogoberidze, M. R. Kononenko, Y. A. Lednova, Katja Loven, Pia Anttila, Olli-Pekka Penttinen. St. Petersburg. Kolotyrin, K. P. (2015). Features of the effectiveness assessment of investments in the field of biological
-Peterburga i Leningradskoi oblasti [Mass Media of St. Petersburg and the LeningradRegion] (1999) Sankt-Peterburg: SPbSU, Faculty of Journalism. St. Petersburg in the 1990’s, Biannual Monitoring Review, December (2000) Economic Monitoring of North-West Russia, Helsinki School of Economics, http://www.hkkk.fi/ecomon Svitich, Luiza G. (2000) Fenomen Zhurnalizma (Journalism Phenomenon). Moskva: MGU/IKAR. Vartanova, Elena (2001) ‘Post-Soviet Media Model in Russia: Diversity of Structures, Variety of Pressures’ in Yassen N. Zassoursky and Elena Vartanova (eds) Media for the Open
.А., Реутский Н.Д. (1997). Чирок-трескунок [Garganey Anas querquedula L.]. Вкн Павлов Д С., Бианки В В., Добринина И.Н. (o.ред.). Миграции птиц Восточной Европы и Северной Азии (с. 246-296). Пластинчаткоклювые. Речные утки. Москва: Наука (in Russian). Мальчевский А. С., Пукинский Ю. Б. (1983). Птицы Ленинградской области и сопредельных территорий: история, биология, охрана [The Birds of LeningradRegion and Adjacent Territories: History, Biology, Conservation]. Ленинград: Изд - во Ленинградского университета. Том 1. 480 с. (in Russian).
Ukraine. Berkut, 16 (1), 165-167[In Ukrainian]. Nartshuk, E. P., Krivokhatsky, V. A. 2001. Bird nest’s consortia: insects as components of nest eco-systems. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Zoological Session (Annual Reports 2000)”, 289, 155-160 [In Russian]. Prokofieva, I. V. 2000. Encounters of bloodsucking insects and mites in birds during the nesting season in LeningradRegion. The Russian Journal of Ornithology, 104, 12-17 [In Russian]. Tsaryk, J. V., Hnatyna, O. S. 2015. Warblers of genus Acrocephalus Naum. in the system
forest productivity / ed. Vikhrov V. E. Minsk: the highest school. – P. 233-245. – (In Russian). Volkovich VB (1966) On the ratio of male and female clones and aspen trees in the forests of the Leningradregion // proceedings of higher educational institutions. Forest journal. No 2. – P. 22-24. – (In Russian). Yang Y, Jiang H, Wang M, Korpelainen H (2015) Male poplars have a stronger ability to balance growth and carbohydrate accumulation than do females in response to a short term potassium deficiency. Physiologia Plantarum, January 2015. No 155 (4). https