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Redox status in the blood of ewes in the perinatal period and during lactation

relationship between oxidative damage and vitamin E concentration in blood, milk, and liver tissue from vitamin E supplemented and nonsupplemented periparturient heifers. J Dairy Sci 2008, 91, 977-987. 8. Castillo C., Hernandez J., Bravo A., Lopez-Alonso M., Pereira V., Benedito J.L.: Oxidative status during late pregnancy and early lactation in dairy cows. Vet J 2005, 169, 286-292. 9. Castillo C., Hernandez J., Valverde I., Pereira V., Sotillo J., Lopez-Alonso M., Benedito J.L.: Plasma malonaldehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant status (TAS

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Somatic Cell Level in Dairy Cows’ Milk During Extended Lactation / Poziom Komórek Somatycznych W Mleku Krów W Laktacji Przedłużonej

References Arbel R., Bigun Y., Ezra E., Sturman H., Hojman D. (2001). The effect of extended calving intervals in high-yielding lactating cows on milk production and profitability. J. Dairy Sci., 84 (3): 600-608. Bernard J.K. (1997). Milk production and composition responses to the source of protein supplements in diets containing wheat middlings. J. Dairy Sci., 80: 938-942. Bertilsson J., Berglund B., Ratnayake G., Svennersten- Sjaunja K., Wiktors- son H. (1997). Optimizing lactation cycles for the high

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Longevity of Cows Depending on their First Lactation Yield and Herd Production Level

. (2016). Length of life and milk production efficiency in cows with varying lactation persistency. Ann. Anim Sci., 16: 851–862. Morek-Kopeć M., Żarnecki A. (2009). Culling reasons in the population of Polish Holstein-Friesian Black and White cows. Rocz. Nauk. PTZ, 5: 9–17. PFHBi PM (2015). The results of milk recording in Poland in 2014. Warszawa. Powell R.L., Van Raden P.M. (2003). Correlation of longevity evaluation with other trait evaluations from 14 countries. Proc. Interbull Technical Workshop, March 2003, Beltsville, USA, Bulletin, No. 30: 15

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Genetic Parameters of First Lactation Milk Yield and Fertility Traits in Brown Swiss Cattle

first and later lactations. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 22: 205–213. Bahreini Behzadi M.R., Amini A., Aslaminejad A.A., Tahmoorespour M. (2013). Estimation of genetic parameters for production traits of Iranian Holstein dairy cattle. Livest. Res. Rural Develop., 25 Article #156. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/9/bahre25156.htm. Boldman K.G., Kriese L.A., Van Vleck L.D., Kacman S.D. (1995). A manual for use of MTDFREML. USD-ARS, Clay Center, Nebraska, USA. Campos M.S., Wğlcox C.J., Becerrğl C.M., Dğz A. (1994). Genetic parameters for yield and

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Supplementation of Vitamins and Minerals During Lactation

Abstract

Introduction. During the lactation period, energy demand and nutritional needs increase in woman. The basis of proper nutrition should consist of a balanced diet and concomitant vitamins and minerals supplementation in doses recommended by major scientific societies. Lactation has a priority over metabolic processes in mother. It absorbs 400-670 kcal per day and increases in case of multiples. Breastfeeding is the best method of feeding infants during their first 6 months of life, therefore it should be promoted among mothers and supported by qualified specialists. According to The World Health Organization (WHO) and The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition [ESPGHAN], the percentage of women continuing breastfeeding at the child’s age of six months is low and in Poland it is 4-9% for exclusive breastfeeding and 63% for partial breastfeeding. In Europe, only in four countries the percentage of women continuing exclusive breastfeeding at infant’s 6 months of age exceeds 30% (Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Slovakia). Aim. The following article is a collection of current recommendations on vitamins and minerals supplementation during lactation. In addition to the recommendations, practical aspects of successful lactation and its impact on the health of infants and mothers have been described.

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Length of Life and Milk Production Efficiency in Cows with Varying Lactation Persistency

References Ahlman T., Berglund B., Rydhmer L., Strandberg E. (2011). Culling reasons in organic and conventional dairy herds and genotype by environment interaction for longevity. J. Dairy Sci., 94: 1568–1575. Albarrán-Portillo B., Pollott G.E. (2013). The relationship between fertility and lactation characteristics in Holstein cows on United Kingdom commercial dairy farms. J. Dairy Sci., 96: 635–646. Appuhamy J.A.D.R.N., Cassell B.G., Cole J.B. (2009). Phenotypic and genetic relationships of common health disorders with milk and fat yield

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Effect of pregnancy and stage of lactation on energy processes in isolated blood cells of dairy cows

lactation , edited by T.B. Mephan, Elsevier Science Publisher, Amsterdam, 1983, pp. 437–468. 4. Beck-Nielsen H., Kuhl C., Pedersen O., Bjerre Christensen C., Nielsen T.T., Klebe J.G.: Decreased insulin binding to monocytes from normal pregnant women. J Clin Endocrinol 1979, 49, 810–814. 5. Bobe G., Young J.W., Beitz D.C.: Pathology, etiology, prevention, and treatment of fatty liver in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 2004, 87, 3105–3124. 6. Calamari L., Soriani N., Panella G., Petrera F., Minuti A., Trevisi E.: Rumination time around calving: an early signal to

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Relationship between the indexes of insulin resistance and metabolic status in dairy cows during early lactation

response, metabolic indicators, and the time of first ovulation in high-yielding dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci 2008, 91:3363-3371. 8. Evans JL, Maddux BA, Goldfine ID: The molecular basis for oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance. Antioxid Redox Signal 2005, 7(7-8):1040-52. 9. Brenta G: Why Can Insulin Resistance Be a Natural Consequence of Thyroid Dysfunction? Journal of Thyroid Research 2011, doi:10.4061/2011/152850. 10. Butler ST, Marr AL, Pelton SH, Radcliff RP, Lucy MC, Butler RW: Insulin restores GH respoonsiveness during lactation

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Effect of β-lactoglobulin gene polymorphism, lactation stage and breed on milk traits in Chios and Karagouniko sheep breeds

A6 are the most abundant isoforms in bovine mammary tissue and their expression is affected by stage of lactation. J. Nutr., 138: 1019-1024. Corral J.M., Padilla J.A., Izquierdo M. (2010). Associations between milk protein genetic polymorphisms and milk production traits in Merino sheep breed. Livest. Sci., 129: 73-79. Dario C., Carnicella D., Dario M., Bufano G. (2008). Genetic polymorphism of β-lactoglobulin gene and effect on milk composition in Leccese sheep. Small Rumin. Res., 74: 270-273. Erhardt G. (1989

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Risks of using SSRI / SNRI antidepressants during pregnancy and lactation

. (2012). Psychotropics in pregnancy: safety and other considerations. Pharmacol Ther 135 : 71–7. Pawluski JL, Brummelte S, Barha CK, Crozier TM, Galea LAM. (2009). Effects of steroid hormones on neurogenesis in the hippocampus of the adult female rodent during the estrous cycle, pregnancy, lactation and aging. Front Neuroendocrinol 30 : 343–357. Pittenger C, Duman RS. (2008). Stress, depression, and neuroplasticity: a convergence of mechanisms. Neuropsychopharmacology 33 : 88–109. Popoli M, Gennarelli M, Racagni G. (2002). Modulation of

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