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Enterprises Communication in e-Environment: Case Study of Latvia and Kazakhstan

Abstract

The performed scientific studies show that proper and skilful use of modern technologies can contribute to significant development of companies. Growth of technologies occurs rapidly, and the electronic environment continuously develops and improves along with it. The electronic environment now already offers companies practically all necessary marketing and communication tools for ensuring company development by creating competitive advantages; nevertheless, not all companies can employ the opportunities rendered by the e- environment, in order to increase company competitiveness and productivity. (Ščeulovs, Gaile-Sarkane 2014). The aim of the paper is to study and compare the enterprises communication in e-environment in two countries – Latvia and Kazakhstan. Study material – 130 enterprises of Latvia, 100 enterprises of Kazakhstan; method – survey. The study was conducted within the Erasmus+ project ‘Mobility between programme and partner countries (KA107)’. Using previous researches and scientific studies, as well as survey of enterprises representatives in Latvia and Kazakhstan, in this paper, the authors a) give an overview of the main trends of enterprise communication in e-environment and b) compare the experience of the two countries.

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Public Services between the Citizen’s Need and the Possibilities of the Administration

Abstract

This paper aims at the balance between the citizen and the public authorities with public services as an interface. Public services place themselves at the crossroads of many elements such as: needs of the citizen, social need, public will, public resources, private availability, and civic sense. Without claiming to have identified all factors that converge to defining / structuring the public services (PS) / services of general interest (SGI), the paper tried to highlight some of the most important.

The social need is covered at the macro level and it represents what society - as a whole - needs. Citizens’ needs are more specific, individualized and custom-designed, rundown by gender, age, education, social condition, financial strength, religion, living environment etc. The public will is an expression of what the Administration encompasses in mid- and long-term national strategies and addresses in detail the PS / SGI in sectorial policies where responsibility is assumed. Public resources include in our assessment all resources at the disposal of the Administration at some point. Private availability can be expressed through various forms such as public-private partnerships, development of complementary private sponsorships, donations etc.

A balanced public service can also benefit of citizens’ civic sense. Even if they are completely satisfied with the services at hand they understand that it would be without sense to unnecessary ask for them just only because it’s free.

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Counterproductive Work Behaviors: a Socio-Demographic Characteristic-Based Study among Employees in the Nigerian Maritime Sector

Abstract

The prevalence of counterproductive work behavior (CWB) does not only differ across industries but also varies significantly according to socio-demographic characteristics. This study examines CWB and socio-demographic characteristics among selected employees in the Nigerian maritime industry. Causal research design was adopted to survey 1,000 employees selected through multistage sampling approach in three selected parastatals (Nigerian Ports Authority, Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency, and Nigerian Shippers Council). The data obtained were analyzed with ANOVA and t-test. Based on the analysis carried out, CWB was found to be significantly related to gender, age, marital status, employee cadre, and income, while employees’ level of educational attainment is not significantly related to CWB. Based on the abovementioned findings, the study concludes that the level of education is not significantly connected to the employees’ propensity towards CWB, while other socio-demographic variables are strongly associated to CWB in the workplace. The study recommends that management should develop a mechanism for identifying and selecting their potential employees as a guide against poor organizational fit of employees and that of the organization. Likewise, effort should be intensified to develop and improve organizational culture that will propel citizenship behavior in the workplace.

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Ties that Bind: The Link between Functions of Public Sector Manager in Tanzania and Luther Gulick’s Notes on The Theory of Organization

Abstract

This paper reflects Gulick’s notes on the theory of organization in the context of Public Sector Manager’s work milieu in Tanzania. Using the Performance Improvement Model (PIM) as the proxy the paper instantiates the POSDCORB by drawing the parallels between the POSDCORB mnemonic and PIM and therefore corroborates Gulick’s summation. We argue that in order to apply the classic theory of organization in today’s public administration an attempt should be made to view organization theory from a design perspective. The paper recommends that more research should be done to instantiate POSDCORB and contributes to the corpus knowledge of public administration discipline.

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Botching Human Factors in Cybersecurity in Business Organizations

Abstract

Human factors remained unexplored and underappreciated in information security. The mounting cyber-attacks, data breaches, and ransomware attacks are a result of human-enabled errors, in fact, 95% of all cyber incidents are human-enabled. Research indicates that existing information security plans do not account for human factors in risk management or auditing. Corporate executives, managers, and cybersecurity professionals rely extensively on technology to avert cybersecurity incidents. Managers fallaciously believe that technology is the key to improving security defenses even though research indicates that new technologies create unintended consequences; nonetheless, technological induced errors are human-enabled. Managers’ current perspective on the human factors problem information security is too narrow in scope and more than a training problem. The management of complex cybersecurity operations accompanied by mounting human factor challenges exceeds the expertise of most information security professionals; yet, managers are reluctant to seek the expertise of human factors specialists, cognitive scientists, and behavioral analysts to implement effective strategies and objectives to reduce human-enabled error in information security.

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A Survey of the Autonomy, Accountability, Effectiveness and Governance of Slovak State-Owned Enterprises

Abstract

Fourteen Slovak state-owned enterprises were studied, using published data and structured interviews with management. A novel methodology is used to assess SOE autonomy, effectiveness, accountability and governance. Variations in operating conditions reflect different government objectives and different ownership models. Mixed state-private firms performed more like competitive firms than did wholly state-owned SOEs. This information was fed into an assessment of Slovak SOEs’ compliance with the 2015 OECD Guidelines on SOE Corporate Governance. There are many differences between Slovak practice and the Guidelines. This may reflect a choice to favour government interests, rather than the OECD’s inclusion of a wider group of stakeholders. One cost is foregone efficiency gains. Another is the perception that the present highly opaque governance system hides corruption.

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Possibilities of Including Developers into Housing Stock Revitalization

Abstract

The article aims at analyzing the possibility of including developers (private companies focused on profits) into the process of revitalizing tenement houses located in the center of Poznan. The consideration is located in the capital city of Wielkopolska and takes into account the analysis of both the local housing real estate market and developers’ enterprises in the city. The authors, supported by economic calculation and a case study, have researched the case of a free-market developer’s project of revitalizing a well-located, yet run-down tenement house, and, on the contrary, the case of a developer taking over a property being a municipal resource. Having researched the market in order to set the parameters of further research works, both scenarios where evaluated when it comes to their economic, social and spatial results.

The main purpose of the article was to analyze possibilities and to point out the determinant factors of using the economic potential of developers in the process of revitalizing housing resources located in downtown areas. The work is to contribute to the discussion on making the actions of public administration more flexible when it comes to cooperation with private investors. By outlining the research concept, the authors aim to set the basis for further and deeper analysis. The paper is to test the scientific community when it comes to the appropriateness of the diagnosis and the direction of potential research.

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A Finite Characterization and Recognition of Intersection Graphs of Hypergraphs with Rank at Most 3 and Multiplicity at Most 2 in the Class of Threshold Graphs

Abstract

We characterize the class L32 of intersection graphs of hypergraphs with rank at most 3 and multiplicity at most 2 by means of a finite list of forbidden induced subgraphs in the class of threshold graphs. We also give an O(n)-time algorithm for the recognition of graphs from L32 in the class of threshold graphs, where n is the number of vertices of a tested graph.

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Application Isssues of the Semi-Markov Reliability Model

. 8. Włodarski J.K.: Operating states of marine internal combustion engines (in Polish), WSM Gdynia 2001. 9. RTA 96CB Electronic Instruction & Manual. Hunday Heavy Industries CO Ltd., Ulsan Korea 2010. 10. L32/40 Electronic Instruction & Manual. Hunday Heavy Industries CO Ltd., Ulsan Korea 2010.

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Effects of food quality on Melolontha spp. adults

. Fitosterole w codziennej diecie. Postępy Fitoterapii, 1, 48–51. Nunberg, M. 1934. Chrabąszcz i jego zwalczanie. Serja C – ulotki i wydawnictwa popularne , Instytut Badawczy Lasów Państwowych w Warszawie, 5, 1–20. Petrykowski, A. 1937. Zbiór chrabąszcza. Niwa Leśna , 4. Polakowska, M. 1982. Leśne rośliny zielarskie. PWRiL, Warszawa. Remiszewski, K. 1899. Quo usque tandem Melolontha? Sylwan , 136–141. Różyński, F. 1926. W sprawie walki z chrabąszczem majowym. Przegląd leśniczy , l, 32–38. Sarwa, A. 2001. Wielki leksykon roślin leczniczych

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