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National Identity Formation in Pakistan: Analysis of the Anti-Secular Narrative

of Islamists’ ( Sareen 2011 , 32). Thus, the goal of this paper is to analyse the nature and effects of Islamists’ anti-secular narrative during Musharraf’s period in power. Findings of this paper are crucial for understanding the position of pluralism in Pakistan. By deepening an understanding of the situation, I hope to open up pathways for interventions promoting pluralism, as well as inter- and intra-faith harmony. In this context, it is important to understand the dynamics of the anti-secular rhetoric in Pakistan because extremist elements continue to

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Strategies of Islamist Extremism in Europe

Abstract

This paper explains various strategies of contemporary Islamists extremism in Europe. The author identifies the most important variants of Islamist extremism and deals with their goals and with strategic approaches how to achieve these goals. Quasi-legalist strategies as well as violent forms of interest-empowerment are described. The author uses sources from various Islamist organizations and analyses these materials within the framework of modern insurgency. A comprehensive outlook and threat assessment of Islamist extremist strategies are included in this article.

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The Decline and Resurgence of Turkish Islamism: The Story of Tayyip Erdoğan’s AKP

1 Introduction Former Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan’s National Outlook ( Milli Görüş ) Islamism, like all forms of Islamism, was shaped to a significant degree by the prototypical Islamism of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood ( al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin ) but it was never as radical as the Muslim Brotherhood. Whereas the Muslim Turkish aspired to a roots-and-branch (literally “radical”) transformation of the Egyptian political system, the National Outlook Islamists wanted the freedom to live in an Islamically “pure” way within the Turkish Republic by establishing

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Desiccation of Lake Chad as a cause of security instability in the Sahel region

Abstract

The Lake Chad basin is one of the most unstable regions in Africa. The lake itself has shrunk and nowadays it covers less than 10 % of its area in 1960. These environmental changes have wider geopolitical consequences in the whole region, which encompasses countries such as Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Therefore, it seems that environmental threats may act as the detonators for larger political conflict as well as for a struggle for land and may cause growing instability in affected countries. The region is fragile, owing to the fact that several terrorist and Islamist groups are operating there. The most serious threat in the Lake Chad basin is militant Islamist group Boko Haram, which is based in north eastern Nigeria, but it is also active in neighbouring countries. As a result of both ecological changes and security threats, people are losing their traditional sources of income from herding and it is likely that there will be large waves of migration from the area. The paper focuses on the environmental challenges in the Lake Chad basin and their effect on the security in the region. The main attention will be paid to the strategies and actions of militant terrorist groups such as Boko Haram that will be analysed in the wider regional geopolitical context.

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The Historical Grounds of the Turkish Women’s Movement

Abstract

In this article the authors would like to present a history of the Turkish feminist movement. The roots of the feminist movement go back to the last decades of Ottoman Empire in Turkey when westernisation had started to take place. During the firts decade of the Republic many steps were taken to enable women to get involved in public, political and professional life and to encourage more equality in family matters. Women’s emancipation became a significant symbol of modernity. Kemalist reforms attemted to create a new woman who could take place in public sphere with the men. During the 1970’s the movement of women almost disappeared in nationalist and socialist movements. After the military intervention in 1980 new female actors (such as Islamist, Kurdish, Alevite) started to present new demands and change the nature of feminist movement in Turkey.

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DANISH MEDIA COVERAGE OF 22/7

Abstract

When the two terrorist attacks in Norway took place and the identity of terrorist, Anders Behring Breivik (ABB) was revealed, attention turned to his network relations and shared ideas with Danish radical right wing communities, including the Danish People’s Party. In this article, we focus on ABB’s Danish connections through an analysis of the first 100 days of Danish media coverage. We scrutinised 188 articles in the largest daily newspapers to find out how Danish actors related to ABB’s ideas. The key argument is that the discourses and opinions reflect pre-existing opinions and entrenched positions that have little to do with the event 22/7. Instead, they have everything to do with an attempt to contain domestic adversaries, if not enemies, such as “multiculturalists” and feminists, who were fiercely attacked by rightwingers, while left-wingers saw the radical right wing as the real enemy. At the same time, animosity towards Islam was reproduced leaving the enemy as being a multi-headed monster of Islamists, multiculturalists and feminists

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Countering Radicalisation of Muslim Community Opinions on the EU Level

Commission. Communication from the European Commision to the Parliament and the Council: The EU Internal Security Strategy in Action: Five steps towards a more secure Europe of 22 November 2010. Web. 6 March 2015 < http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52010DC0673&from=EN>. Crenshaw M, “The Causes of Terrorism,” Comparative Politics 13. 4. (Jul. 1981): 379-399. Emerson M., Kausch K., Youngs R. (ed.), Islamist radicalisation. The challenge for Euro-Mediterranean relations, Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies

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The North African “Extremistan” of the Islamic State Caliphate

, January 2016, p. 2. [14] http://www.ibtimes.com/isis-al-qaeda-africa-us-commander-warns-collaboration-between-aqim-islamic-state-2304240 [15] http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/02/world/africa/jihadists-deepen-collaboration-in-north-africa.html [16] http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/tunisia-least-three-killed-clashes-between-islamists-security-forces-ben-guerdane-1547925 [17] http://www.reuters.com/article/us-africa-security-us-idUSKCN0VK1ON [18] http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-35268713 [19] http

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The Deterritorialised Muslim Convert in Post-Communist Eastern European Cinema

, New York: Berg. Brown, William; Iordanova, Dina; Torchin, Leshu (eds.) 2010. Moving People, Moving Images: Cinema and Traffi cking in the New Europe. St Andrews: St Andrews Film Studies. Butler, Alison 2002. Women’s Cinema: The Contested Screen. London: Wallfl ower. Coghlan, Tom 2013. ‘Red Army’s “ghosts” of Afghanistan’. - Islamist.com, 8 March. http://www.islamist.com/index.php/society/2319-many-soviet-vets-becamemuslim-and-live-in-afghanistan (29 December 2013). Coxe, Brinton Tench 2003. ‘Sonic

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Did Egyptian Women Win or Lose by Overthrowing the Regime of Hosni Mubarak?

References Abdellatif, O. and Ottaway, M., Women in Islamist Movements: Toward an Islamist Model of Women’s Activism, “Carnegie papers,” no. 2 (June, 2007). Web. 12 August 2015, <http://carnegieendowment.org/files/cmec2_women_in_islam_final1.pdf>. Abdelatty, A., Are Egypt’s women really better off under Sisi? Al-monitor (March, 2015). Web. 12 August 2015, <http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/02/egypt-women-status-sisi-rule-muslim-brotherhood.html#ixzz3dwKnTI2m>. Abu Chehab, A., Maqalat dalalat tasweet

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