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The Othering of Islam in a European Context
Polarizing Discourses in Swedish-Language Dailies in Finland

References Akar, Sylvia (2004) ’Islam - vieras veljemme?’, in Hämeen-Anttila, Jaakko (ed.) Islamin ja arabimaailman kuvat mediassa - seminaariraportti. Helsinki: Suomen YK-liitto. 13-21. Armour, Rollin Stely (2002) Islam, Christianity, and the West : A Troubled History. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. Bauman, Zygmunt (1992) Att tänka sociologiskt. Göteborg: Korpen. Bauman, Zygmunt & Tim May (2004) Att tänka sociologiskt. Göteborg: Korpen. Berger, Peter L. & Thomas Luckmann (1971) The

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Paraenetic Character of Modern Islamic Prose

Literaturtheorie und - kritik von ̔Imād ad-Dīn Ḫalīl. Ein Vergleichendes Studium”. Rocznik Orientalistyczny 72.2 (2009) 15-25. Print. Hafez, Sabry. “The Novel, Politics and Islam.” New Left Review, 5 (2000) 117-141. Print. Hamdar, Abir, and Moore, Lindsey. eds. Islamism and Cultural Expression in the Arab World. New York: Routledge, 2015. Print. The Koran. Interpreted. Trans. Arthur, John, Arberry. New York: Touchstone, 1996. Web. 12. Jun. 2015. Print. Kubarek, Magdalena. “Współczesna literatura muzułmańska w

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Diffusion of Islam in the United States: Comparative Personal Conversion Social Networks

: Religion and Cognition through the Ages , edited by I. Czachesz and T. Brio. Leuven, Netherlands: Peeters. Delgado, Richard. 1980. “Limits to Proselytizing.” Society 17(3):25-33. Duling, Dennis C. 2013. “Paul’s Aegean Network: The Strength of Strong Ties.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 43(3):135-54. Erin, Sakin. 2015. “Egocentric Conversion Social Networks: Context, Process, and Identity in Explaining Conversion to and Reversion from Islam in the United States.” Doctoral, Sociology, The Universiy of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. Esposito, John L. 2010

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Faith, Ethics and Religious Norms in a Globalized Environment: Freedom of Religion as a Challenge to the Regulation of Islamic Finance in Europe

References Ainley, Michael, Ali Mashayeki, Robert Hicks, Arshadur Rahman, and Ali Ravalia. Islamic Finance in the UK: Regulation and Challenges. 1 st ed. London: Financial Services Authority, 2007. Al-Rifal, Tariq, and Aamir Khan. "The Role of Venture Capital in Contemporary Islamic Finance." (2000) // http://www.kantakji.com/fiqh/Files/Finance/44437.pdf Beam, Tony. "Freedom of Religion Is More Than Freedom to Worship." The Christian Post (July 21, 2010) // http

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Patterns of Modernity: Christianity, Occidentalism and Islam

The shift of interest from community to individuality and freedom brought by modernity challenged the central place once occupied by religion, pushing it to the outskirts of human life. All these led to an increased indifference towards any transcendental guarantor that could act in a neutral reason-governed space. In the case of Islam, such a situation is impossible to tolerate, because it would mean God’s desecration by reducing the Qur’an to the statute of a simple book like many others that offer an opinion on a Supreme Being who does not decide the destiny of humanity any more, but becomes a simple matter of opinion. While Western Christianity adjusted to modernity reaching even to justify the developments which led to a dissolution of sacred, stating that they were consistent with its essence, Islam accepted modernity only to the extent of this one’s capacity to verify the realities stated by the Qur’an.

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“This is a Controlled Invasion”: The Czech President Miloš Zeman’s Populist Perception of Islam and Immigration as Security Threats

issue of Islam and migration as security threats. For >20 years, Miloš Zeman has without doubt been one of the most prominent figures in Czech politics. In the first half of the 1990s, he became Chairman of the Social Democratic Party, which he built up from a party with minimal preferences to one of the strongest political actors in the country and a party that repeatedly won elections at the end of the 1990s and beginning of the 2000s. Thanks to these successes, Miloš Zeman also became the head of the Czech Government from 1998 to 2002. After his failed candidacy

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Islamic Banking: Regulatory Background from the Czech Perspective

Abstract

The term “Islamic banking” denotes the banking services in compliance with Islamic law and is nowadays a rapidly expanding, global industry based on a traditional fourteen centuries old legal system. The European market is witnessing growing Shari’acompliant assets especially in the last few years and even non-Muslim countries have been trying to find legal solutions to accomodate Islamic financial institutions. This new academic and business field is raising important issues that merit discussion and this text serves as a contribution to the debate. In the paper I am trying to depict the key and distinguishing features of the Islamic banking model and reflect its law regulation from the point of view of the Czech legislation in the light of the continuing growth and expansion of Islamic banking and finance. The main objective of this article is to find out whether the legal framework of the Czech Republic covers the practice of Islamic finance and also to consider and identify potential legal obstacles.

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Human Rights in Orthodoxy and Islam A Comparative Approach

Abstract

In a world where increasingly more voices from different geographical areas talk speak about equality between people, religions are called to uphold and preach human dignity and rights of all people, without taking account of race, sex or religion. In the interreligious dialog, the meetings between representatives of Christianity and Islam have multiplied considerably and they deal with themes analyzing preaching and defending human rights at all levels of life. From the preceding discussion it is clear that the human rights issue is quite sensitive, especially after the latest political, economic and social events that have shaken the world in which we live. After the period of time that the proclamation and recognition of global human rights were made as contained in the various international documents, it was passed into a new phase where the followers of different religions should work together for human dignity and human rights.

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Islam and Politics: the Case of the Islamic State

References 1. Badcock, D., and Marks Darren, C. War, Human Dignity and Nation Building: Theological Perspectives on Canada's Role in Afghanistan. Cambridge Scholars, Newcastle upon Tyne, 2010. 2. Bawer, B. While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam Is Destroying the West from within. Doubleday, New York, 2006. 3. Berman, Sh. Islamism, Revolution, and Civil Society. Perspectives on Politics, Cambridge Journals 1(2), 2003, pp. 252-272. 4. Eikmeier, D. C. Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic Fascism

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Expansion of Islamic Finance in Europe

References Adamek, J. (2016) Finanse muzułmańskie. Zagadnienia wybrane . Warszawa: PWN. Czupa, K. (2016) Europa chętnie korzysta z muzułmańskich funduszy (Online), www.obserwatorfinansowy.pl/tem.../ , 12 Aug. (15 Apr. 2017). EY (2016), World Islamic Banking Competitiveness Report 2016 . Górak-Sosnowska, K. and Masiukiewicz, P. (2013) Bankowość muzułmańska. Warszawa: Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH. HM Treasury (2008) The development of Islamic finance in the UK. The Government’s perspective . ICD Thomson Reuters (2014

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