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2012. Warszawa: Helsińska Fundacja Praw Człowieka. De Genova, N. P. 2002. ‘Migrant “illegality” and deportability in everyday life.’ Annual Review of Anthropology . Vol. 31: 419-47. doi: 10.1146/annurev. anthro.31.040402.085432 Guild, E. 2004. ‘Who is an irregular migrant?’ in B. Bogusz, R. Cholewinski, A. Cygan and E. Szyszczak (eds.), Irregular Migration and Human Rights: Theoretical, European and International Perspectives. Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Koser, K. 2005. Irregular migration, state security and human security. Paper prepared for the


The article provides a theoretically informed commentary on the ongoing migration crisis in Europe, and discusses its causes and the currently proposed solutions to it. Irregular migration to Europe is likely to remain on the agenda of the European Union for decades to come and, in order to avoid repetitive crises, further integration is needed in the European asylum system. The article suggests that the greatest threat to the security of the Baltic States comes not from irregular migration itself, but from the policy decisions that would fail to address the EU crisis caused by it.

Immigration in the European Union in the Second Decade of the 21st Century: Problem or Solution?

This article presents immigration as an important issue discussed within European Union (EU). The author shows some statistics on international migration, population stocks of national and foreign (non-national) citizens. In destination countries, international migration may be used as a tool to solve specific labour market shortages. At the same time though, international migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU.

The main aim of this paper is to show that immigration is one of the most efficient objects of interest to European Union citizens and leaders. In the interest of the EU and its Member States is therefore to show that they are developing an overall strategy for managing migration for the benefit of all stakeholders: the European Union, its citizens, migrants and the source countries of migration.

Migration policies within the EU are increasingly concerned with attracting a particular migrant profile, often in an attempt to alleviate specific skills shortages. Besides policies to encourage labour recruitment, immigration policy is often focused on two areas: preventing irregular migration and the illegal employment of migrants who are not permitted to work, and promoting the integration of immigrants into society. In the EU, significant resources have been mobilised to fight people smuggling and trafficking networks.

References BARTKÓ, Róbert: Changing on the Principle of Legality in the Hungarian legal Fight against the Irregular Migration. International Journal of Current Advanced Research Vol. 6. issue 8. 2017. pp. 5352-5354. BARTKÓ, Róbert: The principle of fair trial with special reference to the temporal scope of the Hunarian Act on Criminal Procedure. In. Daniela Cickanová, Ivana Hapcová, Vladislav Micatek (edit.): BRATISLAVA LEGAL FORUM 2015. Collection of Papers from the International Academic Conference Bratislava Legal Forum 2015 organised by the Comenius

REFERENCES Anthias, F. (1998). Evaluating “Diaspora”: Beyond Ethnicity? Sociology , 32(3): 557-580. Bommes, M., Sciortino, G. (2011). In lieu of a conclusion. Steps towards a conceptual framework for the study of irregular migration. In M. Bommes and G. Sciortino (eds.): Foggy Social Structures. Irregular Migration, European Labour Markets and the Welfare State . Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 213-228. Brubaker, R. (2005). The “diaspora” diaspora. Ethnic and Racial Studies , 28(1): 1-19. Comments Government Serbia. (2009). Comments of the

Crisis Challenged the Concept of the human Rights of Migrants? The Case of Ilias and Ahmed v. Hungary. In: Kuzelewska, Elzbieta – Weatherburn, Amy – Kloza, Dariusz (eds.). Irregular Migration as a Challenge for Democracy . Intersentia, Cambridge. 97–112. Fewsmith, Joseph (interview) (2019): China’s Uncertain Future under and All-Powerful Xi Jinping. Harvard International Review 40 (1): 42–44. Fukuyama, Francis (2018): Identity. Contemporary Identity Politics and the Struggle for Recognition . Profile Books, London. Glied, Viktor – Keserű, Dávid (2016): Migrációs

the profits obtained by the government when receiving foreign refugees in their area. Keywords: Regionalism, Refugees abroad, Government, Threats, Non-Traditional Security, Interests, Management. INTRODUCTION One important element in the increasingly complex number of foreign refugees is the increasing role of transit countries. This is especially true for asylum seekers and for irregular migration. In both cases, transit countries are increasingly significant; This refugee research is focused on whether opportunities and threats for Indonesia are a

/public/---ed_norm/---declaration/documents/publication/wcms_decl_fs_46_en.pdf [accessed 2 December 2015]. INSTAT. 2013. Women and men in Albania. Tirana. IOM. 2008. Handbook on performance indicators for counter-trafficking projects. Washington, DC. IPEC. 2004. Regional assessment of trafficking in children for labor and sexual exploitation in Albania. Tirana: ILO. Mann, Lori and Igor Dolea. 2006. OSCE Trial Observation Manual for the Republic of Moldova. Chisinau: OSCE/ODIHR. Meçe, Merita. H. 2016. ‘Irregular migration flows and human trafficking in the Western Balkan countries: Challenges of the convergence of counter

. Sociologie Românească , 2: 101-119. Radu, C. (2001). De la Crângeni-Teleorman spre Spania: antreprenoriat, adventism şi migraţie circulatorie. Sociologie Românească, 1-4: 215-231. Razvan, S. (2005). Patterns and Socio-economic Consequences of International Labour Migration on Catholic and Orthodox Villages from Eastern Romania (Neamt Country). In T. Bárány, G. Pulay and I. Zakariás (eds.) A Tarkaság Dicsérete. Az Erasmus Kollégium Diákjainak Tanulmányai . Budapest: Erasmus Kollégium Alapítvány. Reyneri, E. (1998). The role of the underground economy in irregular

economy in irregular migration to Italy: cause or effect? Journal of Ethnic Migration Studies 24 (2): 313-31. Reyneri, E. 2001. Migrants in irregular employment in the Mediterranean countries of the European Union. International Migration Papers no. 41. Geneva: ILO. Rice, E. 1992. The corporate tax gap: Evidence on tax compliance by small corporations. In: Slemrod, J. (ed) Why People Pay Taxes: Tax Compliance and Enforcement. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 24-39. Round, J., Williams, C.C. and Rodgers, P. 2008. Corruption in the post-Soviet workplace