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The article focuses on a hashtags as a tool of networked culture and networked social movements, and – at the same time – on self-expression phenomenon of a selfie. Although today hashtags, in particular, can been seen as a frequently used weapon in information wars and a tool of propaganda 2.0, seen from historical perspective, this very tool aligns itself first and foremost with emancipatory forces in the Internet history. These forces, expressed in A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace and in participatory ideals of Web 2.0 are now in withdrawal.

As the Internet is now in a peculiar development phase, ruled by the logic of surveillance capitalism, those early ideals of free speech and exchange of ideas are now overshadowed by a “darkening of the digital dream (Shoshana Zuboff).

The central argument suggests that the “Kardashian moment” on the one hand, and Occupy Wallstreet, on the other hand, constituted a point in time where new media affordances and social phenomena were aligned. At the same time, both hashtag and selfie can be viewed as a response to the betrayalof individualization processes started in the 1960s, then carried on and amplified by the early Internet, and in the end commodified by the growing Internet giants and established structures of power.


Website history can be considered an emerging discipline at the intersection between media history and Internet history. In this discipline, the individual website is regarded as the unifying entity of the historical analysis rather than the Internet or the Web. Writing the history of a website involves using many sources and methods similar to those used in writing the history of any other media type. But one document type requires special attention: the archived website. This is so because the problems involved in finding, collecting and preserving the website are different from those characterizing the archiving of other types of traces of human activity, including other media types. The primary problem is that the actual act of finding, collecting and preserving changes the website that was on the live web in a number of ways, thus creating a unique version of it and not simply a copy. The present article sets out, first, to discuss to what extent the archived website can be considered a new type of historical document and how its characteristics affect the task of the website historian who must later use it; second, the article discusses and attempts to formulate some methodological principles, rules and recommendations for a future critical textual philology of the website.


Consumer smart home devices are becoming increasingly pervasive. As Airbnb hosts deploy smart devices in spaces shared with guests, we seek to understand the security and privacy implications of these devices for both hosts and guests. We conducted a large-scale survey of 82 hosts and 554 guests to explore their current technology practices, their preferences for smart devices and data collection/sharing, and their privacy and security concerns in the context of Airbnbs. We found that guests preferred smart devices, even viewed them as a luxury, but some guests were concerned that smart devices enable excessive monitoring and control, which could lead to repercussions from hosts (e.g., locked thermostat). On average, the views of guests and hosts on data collection in Airbnb were aligned, but for the data types where differences occur, serious privacy violations might happen. For example, 90% of our guest participants did not want to share their Internet history with hosts, but one in five hosts wanted access to that information. Overall, our findings surface tensions between hosts and guests around the use of smart devices and in-home data collection. We synthesize recommendations to address the surfaced tensions and identify broader research challenges.

-is-a-tld-gtld-cctld-newgtld-idn.html [accessed 20 Oct 2018] Zimmermann, K. A. & Emspak, J. (2017), ‘Internet History Timeline: ARPANET to the World Wide Web,’ Live Science . Retrieved from [accessed 20 Oct 2018] Zirnstein, E. (2005), ‘Harmonization and unification of intellectual property in the EU,’ Intellectual Capital and Knowledge Management , Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Faculty of Management Koper, University of Primorska, 18-20 November 2004, Portorož, Slovenia, pp. 293–306. Retrieved from https

Introduction as the Hungarian Internet history deserves a dedicated book . But if there are already several works around in this subject, then we can ask ourselves: what is so new in this book? There are several well-known Hungarian researchers in the online ecosystem, including László Z. Karvalics, György Csepeli, and László Ropolyi. At the beginning of the book, there is a significant chapter that highlights the creators of online ecosystem who ActA UniversitAtis sApientiAe, commUnicAtio, 6 (2019) 149–152 DOI: 10.2478/auscom-2019-0009 150 Book Review have a reference

. & Rainey, D. (2001), ‘Online dispute resolution: Some lessons from the e-commerce revolution,’ N. Ky. L. Rev. , vol. 28, p. 810. Kleinrock, L. (2010), ‘An early history of the Internet [History of Communications],’ Communications Magazine , IEEE, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 26-36. Krcmar, H.; Friesike, S.; Böhm, M. & Schildhauer, T. (2012), ‘Innovation, Society and Business: Internet-Based Business Models and Their Implications,’ HIIG Discussion Paper Series , No. 2012-07. Kshetri, N. B. (2001), ‘Determinants of the locus of

Histories , 1–22. Advance online publication. 10.1080/24701475.2020.1759010 Flensburg S. Lai S. S. 2020 May 5 Networks of power: Analysing the evolution of the Danish internet infrastructure Internet Histories 1 22 Advance online publication. Flew, T., & Waisbord, S. (2015). The ongoing significance of national media systems in the context of media globalization. Media, Culture & Society , 37 (4), 620–636. 10.1177/0163443714566903 Flew

-22, ISSN 1652-2354. Bro, Peter: License to Comment : The Popularization of a Political Commentator. In: Journalism studies. 2012; Vol. 13, No. 3, p. 433-446, ISSN 1461-670X. Bruun, Hanne: Political Satire in Danish Television : Reinventing a Tradition. In: Popular Communication. 2012; Vol. 10, No. 1-2, p. 158-169, ISSN 1540-5702. Brügger, Niels: Australian internet histories: Past, Pre- sent and Future: An afterword. In: Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy. 2012; No. 143, p. 159-165, ISSN 1329-878X. Brügger, Niels: L’historiographie de